1 Spartan Women         The Book Spartan Women, Written By Sarah

1615 words - 6 pages

1 Spartan Women The book Spartan Women, written by Sarah B. Pomeroy, is a detailed monograph explaining various areas of the life of women during the Greek era. Because this book is a monograph there is no story line or character to follow throughout the book. There is simply a statement of facts separated by different topics. The characters discussed in Spartan Women are historical figures such as heroin and goddesses that have played a major role in Greek civilization. The main focus is directed to the women of Sparta. Throughout the book Pomeroy compares the lives of Spartan women to that of the Athenian women, another well known Greek state.There are six areas of life that Sarah Pomeroy discusses. This includes education, becoming a wife, the creation of mothers, elite women, the lower classes, and women and religion. The two areas that will be reviewed are education and women and religion. The topic of education discusses the different areas of education ranging from reading and writing to the 2 physical fitness of women. The diversity of Spartan and Athens is also compared in this section. In ancient times the education that a child received was the sole responsibility of their parents. In Athens the boys were to some degree encouraged by the public to be educated. Girls on the other hand were kept hidden from the public and were taught at home by the women of the household. They were taught the skills that would be needed once they were adults such as nurturing and cooking. Sparta was the only state that had set up an educational program for both young boys and girls. The boys' educational program was by far much harder than the girls'. The boys, from a young age, were trained to become soldiers whom Sparta depended on in order to hold the states power. The girls on the other hand were educated in becoming mothers in order to generate the best Spartan men and women possible. As for literacy it was not very important for any class other than the elite. There was however, no large majority between the number of men and women that could read as compared to that of other states such as Athens. The physical education, or athletics, of Spartan women are the best known area of their life due to the large amount of evidence found on the subject. The involvement of 3 Spartan women in athletics was more than likely unique in Greece because of the attraction of writers to the activities. The physical training of both the men and the women included activities such as running, wrestling, discus throwing, and hurling the javelin. The skills gained from these activities were very helpful in the training of soldiers. The program of both the men and the women was very much alike. The only difference was that the women's version was a little easier compared to the men's. it has always been questioned whether or not the men and women had competed against each other because their activities were so closely related. The only...

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