Abraham Lincoln Essay

1352 words - 6 pages

Abraham Lincoln and his effects in the presidency of the United States.On February 11,1861, Lincoln left Springfield to take up his duties as president. Before Lincoln reached the national capital, Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as President of the Confederate States of America. When Lincoln reached Washington on February 23, he found the national government incapable of meeting the crisis. Congress fruitlessly debated compromise. The national treasury was near bankruptcy; the civil service was a riddled with secessionists; and the miniscule armed forces were being weakened by defection of officers to the South.Lincoln was faced with many problems. He entered at a critical period in U.S ...view middle of the document...

Lincoln lost support in the congressional elections of 1862, in which Democrats took control of the crucial states of New York. (De Young, Garry p17). Lincoln would face formidable opposition for reelection, not merely form a democratic candidate but from rivals within in his own party. Radical pressure was powerful enough, however, to persuade Lincoln to drop the most outspokenly conservative member of his cabinet. (De Young, Garry p17). Republican critics continued to see if they could summon a new national convention to try and replace the President with a more Radical candidate. Democrats found it impossible to bring together the two major groups of Lincolns critics. Whatever chance the Democrats had in 1864 was lost when the war at last began to favor Union cause. When ballots were casted in November the results were that Lincoln carried every state except for a few.The Civil war began on April 12, 1861. The war was fought not to abolish slavery, but to restore the Union, to bring together again the nation which slavery had torn apart. (Foster, Genevieve p289). The first shots were fired at Fort Sumter. For Sumter belonged to the U.S in which guarded the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. President Buchanan refused to turn over the fort to the state causing South Carolina to prevent food from reaching it. After Fort Sumter had been fired on Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to serve for 3 months. He gave Southerners twenty days time to disband and return home. Soothers had no idea of disbanding calling for a great celebration to happen following the surrender of Fort Sumter. Lincoln was receiving help from the War department to help guide his plans. When the Civil War began in America, England had determined to remain neutral, though both the United States and the Confederacy hoped for England's active friendship. (Foster, Genevieve p295) Britain has always been a nuisance to the United States. The south was still hoping for a European intervention. Lincoln got involved in the Trent affair. A Warship from the North stopped a British mail steamer, the Trent, north of Cuba and removed two confederate diplomats who were on their way to Britain. The British were angered. They demanded the release of the two men with military preparations. Lincoln formally apologized and freed the two commissioners, John Slidell and James M. Mason.Lincoln not only stopped the U.S. from going to war with Britain but he also kept them from interfering. His actions really kept the Union together. By the summer of 1862 Lincoln had changed his whole view about slavery. After McClellan succeeded in halting Robert E. Lee in Antietam on September 17, 1862, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on September 23. On that very day Lincoln said," The [old] South is to be destroyed and replaced by new...

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