Add/Adhd: Personality Type Or Neurological Disorder? A Refutation On The Misdiagnosis Of Add/Adhd

1370 words - 5 pages

In the last 30 years, the diagnosis and treatment of ADD/ADHD has become a national debate, with many critics questioning the validity, diagnosis and treatment methods of the disorder. In 2000, Larry S. Goldman, M.D., and colleagues from the Council on Scientific Affairs of the American Medical Association published a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) that reviewed data from 1975 through March 1997 from the National Library of Medicine's database, looking for trends in the diagnosis of ADHD. They concluded that there was little evidence of over diagnosis of ADD/ADHD, over prescription of methylphenidate, or stimulant abuse. Although their data contained twenty years of information, the study is not entirely convincing because it fails to test college students and adults. With a wider test sample, their study would be more accurate and more appropriate, especially with the increasing number of adults being diagnosed with ADHD. In addition, their study was based on "all English-language studies dealing with children of elementary school through high school-age," however, Goldman does not state the number of test or information pertaining to their economic, social or living environment--all in which could play a significant role in their health and mental state. Finally, the authors fail to backup their claims with statistics or strong arguments, suggesting to the reader that their study is inaccurate because they apparently ignored the shocking statistics.By the mid-1970s, Ritalin had become the most prescribed drug for what was eventually termed, in 1987, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Today, Attention Deficit Disorder, or ADD/ADHD, is a psychological term applied to anyone who meets the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for impulsivity, hyperactivity and/or inattention. The key elements in diagnosis include a thorough history covering the presenting symptoms, differential diagnosis, possible co-morbid conditions, as well as medical, developmental, school, psychosocial, and family histories. ADHD is considered the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorder among children and not only is it detected in children, but also is now one of the fastest-growing diagnostic categories for adults.Goldman, M.D. and his colleagues state "epidemiologic studies using standardized diagnostic criteria suggest that 3% to 6% of the school-aged population (elementary through high school) may suffer from ADHD, although the percentage of US youth being treated for ADHD is at most at the lower end of this prevalence range." Although there may be 3% to 6% of the school-aged population with the disorder, about 25% of the school-aged population is being diagnosed with ADHD. "Government studies suggest approximately 4 million school age children suffer from ADHD. Yet, about 20 million prescriptions were written last year for stimulant drugs, according to IMS Health, a health care information company." The American Psychiatric...

Find Another Essay On ADD/ADHD: Personality Type or Neurological Disorder? A refutation on the misdiagnosis of ADD/ADHD

Effects of ADD/ADHD Essay

1075 words - 4 pages “ADHD” (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) (Woodard 1). ADD/ADHD is a disorder characterized by distractibility, hyperactivity, impulsive behaviors, and the inability to remain focused on tasks or activities and is estimated to affect 3-9% of children, and afflicts boys more often than girls (Ford 1). ADHD has received much negative attention recently because of the huge increase in the numbers of children being diagnosed. Three to five

The ADD/ADHD Controversy Essay

865 words - 3 pages Association released the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) in May 2013. The DSM-5 changed the criteria necessary to diagnose someone with ADHD. Now after explaining what is ADD/ADHD we are ready to cover the controversy surrounding it. As this topic is vast and you may find a lot of different reasons to discredit this disorder and psychiatry in generally I would try to focus on the main and most prevalent

The Existence of ADD and ADHD

3988 words - 16 pages be really considered as a disorder and take stalk on whether it really exists in the society or is it more a manifestation of society’s need to have such a disorder for its own benefits. References: Armstrong, Thomas. The Myth of the ADD Child: 50 ways to improve your child’s behavior and attention span without drugs, labels, or coercion. New York: Plume, 1997. Armstrong, Thomas. “To empower, No control: A Holistic Approach to ADD/ADHD

Encapsulating the Truth of ADD/ADHD Medications

2029 words - 9 pages personality flaws or actual symptoms of the disorder. Many tell-tale symptoms that a person with ADD/ADHD faces are often written off by parents and teachers as “areas for self-improvement” (Bailey). It's not exactly their fault either; society has told us to see a person with an inability to control their emotions, excitement, or even boredom as a person who could “grow up a bit” (Clemmitt). Offering some clarity in the matter through digital

ADD/ADHD Pandemic

1317 words - 5 pages long run taking meds that aren’t necessarily for your condition can be detrimental to ones health. Also the abuse of psychiatric meds has increased significantly in the recent years. Teens go to their normal family physician and complain about disorders they “believe” to have and believe it or not the doctor writes them prescriptions for their undiagnosed disorder. Money spent on ADD/ADHD medications was said by Elder (2010) to be around $320

Understanding ADD and ADHD

3533 words - 14 pages Understanding ADD and ADHD First, it is important to understand ADD and ADHD and how they can be identified. Within the classroom, a teacher may encounter a student who constantly squirms in their seat, stares out the window, and has a desk that is a complete mess. These are not poor students who do not care about school and learning. Often these students may be undiagnosed cases of Attention Deficit Disorder or Attention Deficit

Ritalin: Not the Best Treatment for ADHD or ADD

1285 words - 5 pages Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) in 1980. ADHD is an attention deficit disorder in which hyperactivity is present. ADD is an attention deficit disorder that causes a persistent pattern of difficulties resulting in one or more of the following behaviors: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. To have Ritalin prescribed one must be referred by a psychologist, educational teacher, or doctor. There are allegations that parents are loyal

The Class Placement of Students with ADD/ADHD

2131 words - 9 pages academically and socially more often than ADD/ADHD students in special classes. The variables that affect the academic progress of a learning impaired student with ADD/ADHD in an inclusive or non-inclusive setting include parental relationship, mental level of the student, and gender (Myklebust 76-81). In fact, parental relationship affects students with ADD/ADHD in either classroom setting. For example, an unstable marriage or divorce has

The Misdiagnosis of Children with ADHD

1964 words - 8 pages model that frames the view of this theory is that teachers initiate the ADHD assessment process by identifying inattention, hyperactive and/or impulsive behaviors demonstrated by a student on a more frequently basis than others. Once the behaviors are identified, a referral for ADHD diagnosis is often made. At this point, the guardians are notified because they must approve of any services offered in the future pertaining to the diagnosis even if

Adult ADD and ADHD references included

1279 words - 5 pages have been diagnosed with these disorders and some cannot get treatments. If the genes causing ADD and ADHD can be found, much testing can be done to help treat sufferers of these disorders, and maybe even convince physicians that the medications used to treat these are controlled substances but the use is innocent and will not cost them their license.ReferencesArds, A. (2004, October). Is it stress or ADD? Essence, Retrieved on December 7, 2004 from www.findarticles.comComings, E. (1992, Summer). Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: under diagnosed, under treated. Nutrition Health Review, Retrieved on December 7, 2004 from www.findarticles.com

Students With ADD/ADHD and Class Placement

1619 words - 6 pages academically and socially more often than ADD/ADHD students in special classes. The variables that affect the academic progress of a learning impaired student with ADD/ADHD in an inclusive or non-inclusive setting include parental relationship, student’s mental level, and gender. Parental relationship has an effect on a student with ADD/ADHD in either classroom setting. For example, an unstable marriage or divorce has negative effects on the student

Similar Essays

Add/Adhd: The Misdiagnosis Epidemic Essay

1409 words - 6 pages ADD/ADHD: The Misdiagnosis EpidemicThere is an epidemic in this country today. You will not see any reports on it on the evening news. You will not read a story about it in your newspaper. However, you may hear little things about it here and there. You may be talking to a friend, who in the course of a conversation says, " My child has been having trouble in school. I brought him/her to the doctor, and the doctor said my child has ADD, and is

Add/Adhd Essay

2028 words - 8 pages especially Ritalin are over prescribed. Even though it is estimated that three to five percent of children are affected with ADD/ADHD, many schools figure that about 15 percent or more of the student body take medication for the disorder (Meyer). These statistics signify that 10 percent of the population are taking drugs in an attempt to correct a problem that doesn't exist.There are many drugs out on the market to reduce the symptoms of ADD/ADHD

Add/Adhd Essay

1226 words - 5 pages ADHD is just a behavior problem. This is what many think but it?s actually not. ADHD is a disability in the brain and the spinal chord.I. Understanding ADHD A. What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder B. The causes of ADHD C. The family life as a result of ADHD 1. How ADHD effects the mother and father 2. How ADHD effects the siblings II. Coping with an ADHD child A. Coping with the diagnosis B. Coping at home 1. Eight steps to better

Symptoms Of Add/Adhd Essay

1126 words - 5 pages with personal relationships (WebMD 2012). Even though ADD/ADHD looks like a willpower issues, it is a chemical imbalance in the brains management system that makes focusing on even simple task at times impossible. Everyone has some symptoms of ADD/ADHD at one time or another, but those that are severely affected by them can benefit by a diagnoses by a medical professional (Brown). Once ADD/ADHD is diagnosed, there are steps that can be taken to