American Politics In The 1790s Essay

1214 words - 5 pages

America was beginning to develop during the 1790's. The country had broken away from Great Britain and now former British colonists had to uphold the country on there own. With George Washington leading the United States, with the constitution in hand, the country was on its way. However, also during this time, the French Revolution had exploded, and making its influence known in America. Many domestic affairs, such as, maintaining the economy and creating government, shaped American politics of the 1790's; foreign affairs, such as the French Revolution, influenced the politics, but to a small extent.Different political parties did not have the same view on how to correct the American debt and thus widened the gap between them. America had just finished fighting the American Revolution, and had large war debts and very little credit. The country owed money to foreign allies as well Americans who contributed to the cause. George Washington's secretary of treasury, and Federalist, Alexander Hamilton proposed several financial reforms, which many Republicans disagreed with (Garraty).Hamilton's First Report on the Public Credit stated those people whom the government owed money to could exchange their bonds to with interest-bearing bonds. With this, the government could pay off its debt overtime and supply its loaners with some compensation thereafter. The report also stated that the Federal government should assume the debts of the states. However, James Madison and Thomas Jefferson argued that most farmers and soldiers who owned these bonds needed cash right away, and would have to sell their bonds for less than face value. Moreover, if the Federal government assumed all the debts, it would be unfair to the southern states, where most of the debt had been paid off. Hamilton's report was adopted, but caused controversy because it favored the rich and showed sectionalism, however the plan was successful and boosted America's credit (Garraty).The Constitution now gave new boundaries to the government that were constantly tested. This was shown after Hamilton's Second Report on the Public Credit, which created an excise tax on whiskey. This angered many westerners (the most avid whiskey drinkers) because the tax was viewed as singling out these westerners. This group of men organized a Whiskey Rebellion in 1794, threatening to burn down Pittsburgh. George Washington decided, "to go to every length that the Constitution and laws would permit." He came prepared with 13,000 heavily armed men, when his troops arrived the rebels were nowhere to be found.This "rebellion" was thus pacified peacefully. This is significant because under the Constitution, the government now had the power to repress such occurrences (Garraty).Moreover Constitutional restrictions not only tested what the Federal governments' powers were, but how far they could go, revealed through the Alien and Sedition Acts. Although foreign affairs did not have a greater impact versus domestic...

Find Another Essay On American Politics in the 1790s

The emergence of Political parties in the 1790s

1051 words - 4 pages emergence of the Hamilton Jefferson rivalry began to. Washington worked to maintain neutrality, but the coming of two dominant political parties appeared close on the horizon. The 1790s were a turbulent period both at home and abroad, and the conflicts that arose laid the foundation of the two-party system in the United States.Domestically, the economic programs of Alexander Hamilton generated fervent opposition from Thomas Jefferson, a Democratic

The Supreme Court in American Politics

1386 words - 6 pages : Does the Supreme Court use its authority wisely? The answer, for the most part, is yes. Every person and governing entity will make mistakes, surely, and the Supreme Court has mostly likely made theirs, but overall the United States Supreme Court uses its power of law and appeals to govern the American court system in a wise fashion. Evidence of this can be seen in many of the Supreme Court Cases involving Americans’ first right: The Freedom

Religion in American Politics

1982 words - 8 pages the US Constitution’s First Amendment includes what is known as the establishment clause, which states that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof,” effectively separating affairs of religious institutions from secular, governmental institutions. That is, however, no guarantee that American politics will turn a blind eye to religious beliefs. In fact, in the past few decades

Cynisism in American Politics

1003 words - 4 pages Is the American people's trust in our government declining? According to most people, it definitely is. Recent polls make this argument very valid. In 1995, the Princeton Survey Research Associates conducted a telephone interview of 1514 random sample adults. In this interview, people were asked how much of the time they trusted in the federal government to do the right thing. Twenty-one percent said most of the time and seventy-one percent said

The role of the mass media in American politics today

2325 words - 9 pages The mass media today play a vital role in American politics and possess a vast amount of power with reference to the political process. A role is defined as characteristic and expected social behaviour and the function, position or actions taken by a required person or group. (web reference 1) Politics as we know it is inconceivable without the mass media. They are the central forums of political communication in modern liberal democracies and

The Importance of Political Candidates Religion in American Politics

874 words - 3 pages The Importance of Political Candidates Religion in American Politics Religion and Politics have played a loud and at some times discordant counterpoint in the United States for many years. There has always been a correlation between conservative politics and fundamentalist religion in American History. As American’s we’ve always had had the constitutional right to chose our religion. Yet our country’s leaders, that sit in the highest

The Influence of Christian Protestants in American Politics

1617 words - 6 pages continued, evangelicals started to create their own subculture, no longer involving themselves in politics and the rest of the American culture. By mid to late 20th century, evangelicals saw that the nation was becoming further way from God and it was affecting them. They sought to partly reinsert themselves in the American culture and politics and found they were not as welcome as before. Even though they are not welcome, Christians must try to

American Politics Exposed in All the Kings Men

3675 words - 15 pages that they both criticized in the beginning of their careers, reinforcing the cynical view that Warren holds to the American political system and the second stage of the political cycle during the Depression Era. The final stage of a politician’s career in Warren’s view is the eventual downfall from politics as a result of consistent and extensive corruption. In All the King’s Men, the downfall of Stark’s political career begins as he tries to cover

The portrayal of politics in South American literature

1039 words - 4 pages they chose to examine them. When Marquez wrote his first works Colombia suffered the second greatest American fratricidal war of the twentieth century, as a result of the assassination of the popular Liberal leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitan, in 1948. His novels examine in his words '...motives for that violence.' The importance of politics in the Novel is reflected in the choice of title 100 years of solitude which correspond to the 100 years between the

The Role of Special Interest Groups in American Politics

1360 words - 5 pages ..."Although it is accepted that pressure groups indeed pressure politics in certain directions, it is quite a different task to describe how pressure groups link public opinion to government action. Apparently the driving force behind action is not as cut and dry as the image of "the lobbyist who speaks for a united following, determined in its aims and prepared to reward its friends and punish its enemies at the polls." In reality, it may appear

POLITICS IN AMERICAN RELIGION TODAY

1006 words - 4 pages Religion and Politics in America advances five theories for placing in a meaningful context the sometimes bewildering complexity of relations among religion, politics, and culture in American society. The culture wars thesis illuminates the contours of religion and politics today by emphasizing Americans' deep social divisions over values and lifestyles. Conservatives stress the importance of traditional values: religion, marriage and family

Similar Essays

American Politics In The 1790s Essay

912 words - 4 pages the citizens. The establishment of the Bank of the United States and conflicts such as the Whiskey Rebellion were the result of these two contrasting views. The country faced many major decisions in other areas because of the French Revolution and the foreign debts that America owed as a result of the Revolutionary War. The French Revolution heated political arguments that ultimately shaped American politics in the 1790s because it was a

Wordsworth, Social Reform Literature, And Politics Of The 1790s

2023 words - 8 pages Wordsworth, Social Reform Literature, and Politics of the 1790s The historical mix of social fictions in England and France at the end of the 1780s greatly impacted the literature of the period. Tom Paine's The Rights of Man (1791) and Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France (1791) were the two most widely read works that spurred a decade long debate on how the nation of England was to be governed and by whom. As a young man

Dispute In 1790s Franco American Affairs Essay

874 words - 4 pages Extortion and secret agents sound like the plot of a James Bond film, however, bribery and clandestine negotiations were common place in 18th century European diplomacy. In the 1790’s, France and American relations were unstable, despite the fact they were allies during the American Revolution. A series of failed negotiations, a revolution in France, and a lack of support from both sides, led to increased hostility. The French crossed the line

The Role Of Jews In American Politics

1744 words - 7 pages politics. Jews have become a more active part of American politics due to Senator Lieberman’s candidacy for Vice President. However, Jew’s role in American politics has progressed over the years. In the early years of our nations history Jews were not as actively involved in political positions. Senator Lieberman suggested that one reason, why Jews did not enter active politics during the start of the twentieth century was because of anti-Semitism