Aristotle Essay

1676 words - 7 pages

Aristotle (384-322 B.C) was born in northern Greece, and as a young man went to study under Plato in Athens. He wrote extensively on philosophy, science, literature, and politics, but much of his work has been lost. His Politics is an acute and terse analysis of fundamental theoretical issues, which not only reflects both the ideals and the short comings of ancient Greek political life, but also contains valuable ideas for today.'Man" said Aristotle 'is by nature a political animal'. Aristotle's view of humanity, nature and politics was rooted in the social life of Ancient Greece, and was very different from our own. His father was a doctor and a royal physician, and this medical background may have started Aristotle's interest in science. When Plato died in 347B.C, Aristotle left Athens. He joined a small group of Platonists in Assos on the eastern coast of Aegean. In 343 B.C Aristotle accepted an invitation, offered perhaps through his father's contacts to become tutor to the son of Philip the 2nd.His political thought is a critical analysis of the Greek 'poleis. Greece was not a single political system, but rather several hundred poleis, each independent, self governing and complete, economically independent. The way in which they organized their government varied considerably. One key feature, however, was always the same: women, slaves and foreigners were excluded from politics. As a result the political system was a reflection of the minority. Thus even the widest distribution of political rights, which the Greeks called 'demokratia', was far from the democracy we think of today. On the other hand political power was exercised directly by the people. Laws were made by an assembly of the citizens, not by a body of full time reps. i.e. being a citizen meant much more direct power than today. Aristotle was also deeply influenced by Plato. The Politics inherits many of his questions and some of the answers, on which Plato was working on when they first met. Aristotle reached crucially different conclusions about what philosophy is and about what it can do and this affected his political thought. His main disagreement concerned Plato's forms. Plato had been trying to answer Socrates' question; what is beauty? And what is justice? Plato did not think that the answer could be found in beautiful objects we see around us etc. because they are ever changing and numerous thus no common features. He claimed that beautiful objects and just actions should be understood as particular and differing instances of true beauty and justice, which appear partially and imperfectly in each object. In our world of the senses forms can appear only imperfectly, as particular instances. Aristotle agreed that we must distinguish the particular instances of, say, justice on the one hand, and on the other a quality which is common or universal to them all. It is a very different matter, though, and in Aristotle's contention redundant and misleading, to think that the...

Find Another Essay On Aristotle

Aristotle Essay

1138 words - 5 pages An ethical issue that is debated in our society is the concern of driving while intoxicated. Although this was naturally not the case during Aristotle’s time, many of his ethical beliefs can be applied to refute this dilemma. I will prove the standing issue to be unethical through Aristotle’s discussion of virtue and his concept of voluntary/involuntary actions in the Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle believed that of the

Aristotle Essay

997 words - 4 pages Aristotle was born in 384 BC and lived until 322 BC. He was a Greek philosopher and scientist,who shares with Plato being considered the most famous of ancient philosophers. He was born atStagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. When he was 17, he went to Athensto study at Plato's Academy. He stayed for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher.When Plato died in 347 BC, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia

Aristotle

1946 words - 8 pages Aristotle was born in 384 BCE at Stagirus, a Greek colony and seaport on the coast of Thrace. His father Nichomachus was court physician to King Amyntas of Macedonia, and from this began Aristotle's long association with the Macedonian Court, which considerably influenced his life. While he was still a boy his father died. At age 17 his guardian, Proxenus, sent him to Athens, the intellectual center of the world, to complete his education. He

Aristotle

651 words - 3 pages Aristotle was born in 384 BC in the town of Stagira, state of Macedonia, in northern Greece. His father was a physician. He was a gifted student and therefore was sent to Athens to study in the Academy of Plato. He remained there for some twenty years until Plato died.In 342, he returned home and was employed by King Phillip of Macedonia as the private tutor for his 13-year-old son, later to be known as Alexander the Great. When Alexander

Aristotle

556 words - 2 pages Aristotle was one of the Sophists who studied the limits of knowledge and the nature of moral action. Plato was his teacher, but both believed in the separation of mind and all matter. They believed virtue should be developed for the good of the state and the citizen himself. Aristotle also investigated several other subjects: logic, biology, zoology, poetry, and politics, rather than just the intellectual side of life as Plato did.During his

Aristotle

1123 words - 4 pages Aristotle      In our fast paced technologically advanced society today, our governments have evolved into supposedly well oiled machines effectively managing budgets, jails, militaries, as well as many other programs. Unfortunately, many of these governments are not as well organized, as they could be. Democratic countries like France, Germany, and even the United States have some very serious shortcomings to the way their governments are

Aristotle - 1257 words

1257 words - 5 pages evolves, so do the right and wrongs, our values and morals, and ethics. In this essay, there are three different ethical theories by Aristotle, Kant, and Mill. They have written teachings dealing with reasoning in ethics. This is as far as the similarity between the three goes. They disagree on reasoning moral agents should employ when coming to a decision about moral obligations in any particular circumstance.The aim of this paper is to clearly show

Aristotle - 1453 words

1453 words - 6 pages Is Aristotle right- Highest good Happiness? Happiness is a challenging emotion or state of mind that is hard to define. It is remarkably difficult because every person on earth has a dissimilar view on happiness. Happiness should be understood as something that fulfills the person’s abilities. If he or she achieves happiness, then that equates to a balance of pleasure, honor, and self-sufficiency. Aristotle believes the greatest good

Aristotle Essay

1090 words - 5 pages Aristotle was said to be the most memorable philosopher in Roman Times. Being in a part of the lower-class, he had more opportunities than the people in his same social class. With these opportunities, Aristotle took full advantage of them and built a life for himself. Throughout his lifetime, he accomplished many things. Aristotle’s findings have proven throughout the many years they have been useful. 1 Aristotle was born in 384 BCE in Stagira

plato & aristotle

880 words - 4 pages In these sessions, I have gained a better understanding of Aristotle and Plato’s ideas and theories. Particularly, I have a specific interest in Aristotle and the notion of the two extremes and to aim towards the “gray or middle of the road”. I also have an interest in Plato’s theory regarding the just and unjust and the repercussions of their actions.      Aristotle is trying to achieve that single point in which life

aristotle

895 words - 4 pages The city is a political partnership that comes into being for purposes of self-sufficiency but exists primarily for the sake of living well. Man is by nature a political animal, because he has the ability to communicate and to dialogue and about justice and the good. The city is prior to the individual.Natural slaves are those who perceive reason but do not have it. It is mutually beneficial that such people be ruled. There are also slaves

Similar Essays

Aristotle Essay 557 Words

557 words - 2 pages Aristotle (b. 384 - d. 322 BC), was a Greek philosopher, logician, and scientist. Along with his teacher Plato, Aristotle is generally regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of philosophical fields, including political theory. Aristotle's' writing reflects his time, background and beliefs. Aristotle was born at Stagira, in Macedonia. His father, Nichomacus, was the personal physician to the King of Macedonia

Aristotle Essay 630 Words

630 words - 3 pages Aristotle's Own Plato may have been the greatest of Greek philosophers. But he failed to convince his greatest student of these doctrines. As founder of the Academy, he set up the first school in Athens. It was here that Aristotle came to study. Though Aristotle was a student of Plato, he spent his life developing his own theories and concepts quite different from those of Platonists. Aristotle went on to create the Lyceum school, also located

Aristotle Essay 1616 Words

1616 words - 6 pages Aristotle The primary concern of political theorists is to determine by what form of constitution the state will most likely succeed. According to Aristotle the definition of political success means the general happiness of the citizenry. Both Aristotle and James Q. Wilson share the belief that molding excellent character within the citizenry is the first and most important step towards solidifying the happiness of the state as a

Aristotle Essay 1256 Words

1256 words - 5 pages Born in the year of 384 B.C. Aristotle was seen as conventional for his time, for he regarded slavery as a natural course of nature and believed that certain people were born to be slaves due to the fact that their soul lacked the rational part that should rule in a human being; However in certain circumstances it is evident that Aristotle did not believe that all men who were slaves were meant to be slaves.In his book Politics, Aristotle begins