This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Battles Of Lexington And Concord Essay

1544 words - 7 pages

The Battles of Lexington and Concord occurred on 19 April 1775 between the British Regulars and the Patriot Militia, also known today as Americans, in the Massachusetts towns of Lexington and Concord. “The Battles of Lexington and Concord is often referred to as the “Shot Heard Around the World” and the beginning of the American Revolutionary War” (Fischer, 1994). The Battles of Lexington and Concord consisted of in four events: the skirmish in Lexington between the British Regulars and the Lexington Training Band, the search and seizure of arms, munitions and military stores in Concord, the battles between the Regulars and the militias during the march of the Regulars back to ...view middle of the document...

On 14 April 1775, General Gage received orders from Secretary of State William Legge, the Earl of Dartmouth, to disarm the Americans and to detain leaders of the uprising, in particular Samuel Adams and John Hancock. General Gage understood that detaining the key leaders would not prove fruitful and therefore changed the mission to strictly searching for and seizing arms, munitions, supplies, and military stores. General Gage gave this mission to Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith with very discreet orders to not brief his soldiers as to what the exact mission would be. General Gage also appointed Major John Pitcairn as the Executive Officer for the mission. “The initial mission would consist of approximately 700 British Regulars, who were pulled from 11 of General Gage’s 13 infantry regiments. Major Pitcairn would command 10 elite infantry companies and Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Bernard would command 11 grenadier companies. Of the 700 Regulars assigned to conduct the mission, 350 were from the grenadier companies: 4th (King’s Own), 5th, 10th, 18th (Royal Irish), 23rd, 38th, 43rd, 47th, 52nd and 59th Regiments of Foot as well as the 1st battalion of the 1st Battalion of His Majesty’s Marine Forces. There was approximately 320 light infantry assigned the role of protecting the grenadier units. These light infantry Regulars were from the 4th, 5th, 10th, 23rd, 38th, 43rd, 47th, 52nd and 59th Regiments and the 1st Battalion of the Marines” (Fischer, 1994). The 700 Regulars were to move from Boston to Concord through a two phase mission, first by naval transport out of Boston to land at Cambridge and then marching from Cambridge to Concord.
The British use of intelligence in preparation
General Thomas Gage was a man who had a keen mind for the intelligence preparation of the battlefield. General Gage used his subordinates and loyalists, also known as Tories at the time, to collect information for the Empire. His soldiers were sent throughout the countryside of Massachusetts to collect information on the population and their daily activities. As a result, General Gage was able to ascertain who the key leaders of the American Revolution were; John Hancock, Samuel Adams and Paul Revere. General Gage used his soldiers and the loyalists to conduct ground surveillance to build sketches of the towns Lexington and Concord as well as their surrounding areas. General Gage was the key point of the analytical process to build the British picture. General Gage operated as the sole analyst of all the information that his subordinates collected. In the preparation for the upcoming mission to cease the arms, munitions, powder, and military stores of the Americans, General Gage sent two officers in plain clothes to scope out the landscape for the mission. The two officers surveyed the routes to and from Boston and the possible amphibious landing by the Regulars. Even though General Gage’s reasoning for sending out his officers in plain clothes had its benefits, they...

Find Another Essay On Battles of Lexington and Concord

An analysis of the battles of Issus and Gauagemela

5891 words - 24 pages Darius vs. Alexander -Were they equally matched or was one grossly lacking?The infamous battles of Issus and Gaugamela reverberate throughout the classical world as fearsome encounters of momentous importance; the epitome of strategic brilliance and planning on the behalf of Alexander. Successful victories at both of these epic battles undergirded Alexander’s Persian campaign and are widely attributed as the keystones for his overall

This Essay is about Napoleon and two of his great battles

1022 words - 4 pages 1796 and the Austrians in 1797, he was made General. In November 1799, he overthrew the French Directory to become First Consul of the government. He called himself Napoleon I. In 1804, 12 years after the monarchy was disposed of in the French Revolution, Napoleon secured a vote to change France from a consulate to an empire. Napoleon became Emperor of France.In Napoleon's life he was in many battles and one of his greatest victories was the

The War of 1806 Essay concerning the war Napoleon fought in 1806 against Prussia. This war had two major battles, Jena and Auerstedt

2500 words - 10 pages Europe, the Nineteenth Century has just begun, Napoleon has been crowned Emperor of the French. This however does not sit well with the other major powers in Europe.Great Britain fearing invasion has formed a coalition against their long-time enemy: France. In 1805 Napoleon defeated the Russians and the Austrians in the battles of Ulm and Austerlitz, givng him power to change the borders of the map as he saw fit. In 1806 Napoleon caused the

Six of the main events and battles during WWII

1165 words - 5 pages Pearl HarborJapan needed to get trough the Pacific with ease so that their plans of an invasion of North America would be successful. The only thing that stood in their way was Pearl Harbor (owned by the United States). Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese Imperial Navy, at approximately 8:00 A.M., Sunday morning, December 7, 1941. 353 Japanese aircraft had been in this assault and no declaration of war had been stated at this time

"Jarhead: A Marine's Chronicle of the Gulf War and other Battles" by Anthony Swofford - Book Review

1612 words - 6 pages It starts off with Anthony Swofford a Marine in his basement looking over his relics from his action days, his garments, maps, and other memorabilia. He reflects back upon the time he was a soldier and stationed at a base in California. His platoon gets the news about the conflict in Iraq, and the problem with the oil. They are told they will be deployed soon so they rent a bunch of war movies and get drunk to ready themselves for war.He

It is a three page overview of World War 2, the rise and fall of Hitler, certain battles, ect

735 words - 3 pages What would be said was the greatest war of the history of earth? Was it maybe Temujin and his Mongols conquering half the world? Mabye the Roman invasion of Greece. All this is up for dispute. But, what is not for dispute is the largest, most destructive, wide spread war of humanity was World War 2. What started out as a small insane quest to rid the world of the Jewish disease, became the near end of the world. Here is a brief overview of the

The Battle That Created a Republic

898 words - 4 pages time. The colonists had organized committees of correspondence to coordinate resistance efforts and to fight the Coercive Acts (Gilje). Bands of militia, known as minutemen, were formed to prepare for conflict with the addition of arms being smuggled in (Gilje). As stated in the article, “Battles of Lexington and Concord,” “On April 14, 1775, General Thomas Gage received the orders for which he had been waiting.” On this day, Lord William Dartmouth

American Revolution Accelerated evolution vs Cataclysmic revolution

1647 words - 7 pages for self-rule increased with each new act passed. Instead of listening to the American colonists, Britain kept passing new acts. An example that shows the extent to which politically the American Revolution can be called an accelerated evolution rather than a cataclysmic revolution are the battles of Lexington and Concord. The increased desire for independence led the colonists to create a continental army and begin their fight for change. In 1775

Revolutionary War

2534 words - 10 pages withdrew to Boston. The Americans harassed them constantly on their journey.The day was over, and 1,800 British regulars had encountered 4,000 Americans. The British had been forced to retreat, losing 65 soldiers with an additional 173 wounded. The Americans lost 49 and 46 got wounded. The war was on - there was no turning back.Battle of Bunker Hill 1775After the Battles of Lexington and Concord, two armies faced one another in Boston, the Army of New

Events Leading to the Revolutionary War

855 words - 4 pages Philadelphia. There they agreed to a lot of things but the one that was most important was, they agreed on a series of boycotts that would put trade with British trade to an end and form of the continental association. Lastly is the year of 1775. On April 19, was the event Lexington and Concord. After the continental congress accepted preparations for a defense war, orders was given to British troops to go to Lexington and Concord to get gunpowder and

The Shot Heard 'Round the World

882 words - 4 pages because British troops were also looking for ammunition stockpiles in Concord as well as Lexington. As previously mentioned, the militia were already expecting the arrival of the British Troops. Six troops were being led by Major John Pitcairn while reinforcements were being requested. The militia that awaited Pitcairn and his troops consisted of 137 men who were assembled by Captain John Parker. The militia waited in taverns while a few men

Similar Essays

The Battles Of Lexington And Concord

812 words - 3 pages Patriots outsmarted the British with their warfare techniques. They hid behind tress, barns, and fences, which was unheard of to the British. The American troops also used tactics and flanking maneuvers to attack them. This style of attack made it impossible for the British to defend themselves. The British sustained surprisingly heavy causalities. Concord and Lexington which started the Revolutionary war had a great impacts and results. These Battles

Lexington And Concord Essay

1039 words - 5 pages to make them, completely ignored them( the British). The colonists didn’t break any of the laws until the British started killing their families. The British went for what they held dear most to tear and break them down. There was even slaves that fought in this war and I think one maybe in the Battle of Lexington. The first shot of this battle was named the “ Shot heard Round the World.” No one knows who shot the first shot but its what started

Civil War Battles Of Chancelorsville And Gettysburg

921 words - 4 pages This is only two battles in the whole Civil War yet countless lives were lost in each one. These battles were only two months apart. The goal of this paper is to give information on these two Civil War battles Chancelorsville and Gettysburg. The Battle of Chancelorsville In the Battle of Chancelorsville, Hooker was the Union general and Lee was the Confederate general. Hooker had 130,000 men and Lee had 60,000 men. Hooker had more men and

Supersonic Dream: Problems Of Supersonic Transport And The Concord

2062 words - 8 pages important thing to consider when building a supersonic aircraft is airflow: “Managing that airflow is especially troublesome as a plane approaches the speed of sound… The faster the plane travels, the more difficult it is to push the craft through the air and the more fuel the plane's engines need to fly a given distance” (Dillow, 2014). The Concorde is an example of a supersonic aircraft with is thin body and delta-shaped wings. Figure 1: Concept