Bertolt Brech And Galileo. This Essay Addresses Bertolt's Play Galileo. This Essay Tells How Bertolt Brecht Uses The Story Of Galileo To Speak To The Urgent Questions Of His Own Time.

1142 words - 5 pages

The story of Galileo by Bertolt Brecht was for the most part a historically accurate telling of the life of Galileo. Brecht's story of Galileo's life is filled with him succumbing to the authorities no matter what his beliefs may be. This is similar to the lifestyle in Germany about the time Brecht had written this play.Born in Augsburg, Germany in 1898 Brecht began writing at an early age. Writing was not his only interest, Brecht enrolled in medical school. By 1918 Brecht was called up as a medical orderly in the First World War By this time he had already begun working on his first play "Baal". Brecht's interests consisted of science, politics and literature. In the year 1919 Brecht had joined the Social Democratic Party and in 1921 he had dropped out of University. Brecht had joined the communist party by 1930; from then on the economic and political situation had become a serious crisis. Hitler became chancellor in 1933 and the Communist party had been outlawed. Brecht was forced out of his homeland, where he moved to Paris briefly, and all his work had been banned as well. He had written anti-Nazi publications while in Paris. After Paris, Brecht had bounced around Eurasia until he had ended up in North America on United States soil. After World War II had begun Brecht was called before the House of Un-American Activities Committee for being a communist. He had begun his return to Germany the next day, by this time his version of Galileo had already been in the works.The story of Galileo takes place during the 17th century, a time period when everything, from beliefs to practices, was influenced by the church. The church had controlled the education system and taught their knowledge of the universe to the people. The church taught that the Earth was the center of the universe and the Sun and all other planets revolved around the Earth. The people believed religion over reason, anything the church would say would go. Going against the church meant going against G-d.Galileo was a scientist. Science and Religion do not go hand in hand. Galileo had work to prove that the religion influenced belief that the Earth was the center of the universe was actually incorrect. "Is it conceivable that G-d would trust this most precious fruit of His labor to a minor, frolicking star?" This quote is the old Cardinal in scene five preaching condescendingly to Galileo, he makes it seem as though Galileo's ideas were ludicrous even though they are confirmed. The church had many problems with Galileo teaching this method. This method was not only looked at as sac-religious but it took away from the church's authority of always being right. Using large amounts of pressure and power the church made Galileo retract all statements he had made about the Earth not being the center of the universe.The church during the 17th century was very similar to Nazi-Germany during the 20th century. For the both of them it was, follow the church/Nazi guidelines or be prosecuted....

Find Another Essay On Bertolt Brech and Galileo. This essay addresses bertolt's play Galileo. This essay tells how bertolt brecht uses the story of Galileo to speak to the urgent questions of his own time.

Galileo Essay

3493 words - 14 pages education. He was sent to a monastery when he was ten years old and began his studies. He studied the usual subjects like Latin, Greek, Logic and Religion. He also became quite proficient on several musical instruments. Since it was a monastery, it was understandable that the majority of Galileo studies were the writings of St. Thomas Aquinas who was considered to be an authority at this point in time. One can safely assume that it was during

Galileo Essay

867 words - 3 pages Galilei. This great astronomer was a marvel at his work, he introduced controversial concepts that the church did not accept but those that he believed were to be true. Written by Galileo himself, this letter to the Grand Duchess professed his great discoveries and how they changed old ideas and thinking but received much criticism in the process. (Ch 16, Doc 4) This time of discovery was a breath of fresh air to the people of Western Europe

Galileo

1011 words - 4 pages mathematics,leaving the university without a degree in 1585. For a time he tutored privately and wroteon hydrostatics and natural motions, but he did not publish any of this. In 1589 hebecame professor of mathematics at Pisa, where he is reported to have shown his studentsthe error of Aristotle's belief that speed of fall is proportional to weight, by dropping twoobjects of different weight simultaneously from the Leaning Tower. His contract was

Galileo

1582 words - 6 pages dedicating his work to Cosimo, sending him a copy of his observations and a telescope to verify them, Galileo went personally to Tuscany to explain his observations . His visit was very successful and Galileo was granted a position at the Tuscan court by the Grand Duke Cosimo II. During this time, he was also granted the position of principal mathematician at the University of Pisa, a position that incurred no further duties by Galileo . He now

The Condemnation of Galileo

1036 words - 4 pages The Condemnation of Galileo The condemnation of Galileo by the Catholic Church is a prime example of the vast dispute between religion and science. It is widely believed that his support of Copernicanism, the theory that the earth rotates on its own axis, led to his condemnation by the Catholic Church. However, modern historians disagree with this belief and as a matter of fact they do not believe that indeed there is warfare between religion

Quest for Identity in The Life of Galileo by Brecht

1600 words - 6 pages Science and the truth. In many instances throughout the course of this play, "The Life of Galileo", Brecht is found to use Galileo's struggles with the church and the public as one of the vital backbones of his message. It is quite apparent that Galileo is fighting a battle with the church throughout the play to further spread his findings to enlighten citizens about the scientific truth of the universe beyond ficticious traditional religious

Reality, Illusion, and Foolish Pride in The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov, A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen, and Galileo by Bertolt Brecht

1673 words - 7 pages In the plays The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov, A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen, and Galileo by Bertolt Brecht, the protagonists' mental beliefs combine reality and illusion that both shape the plot of each respective story. The ability of the characters to reject or accept an illusion, along with the foolish pride that motivated their decision, leads to their personal downfall.In The Cherry Orchard, by Anton Chekhov, Gayev and Miss Ranevsky

Epic Theatre: The Influences of Bertolt Brecht

1459 words - 6 pages clearly be linked to comment on the Soviet Union after WW2 and the effect the German’s had had on Soviet progress. Brecht uses the singer to demonstrate and narrate the comment on play happenings, as what can be seen to be a parallel to Brecht commenting on his own context. Brecht’s political views and the historical happenings surrounding the creation of the CCC have influenced the way the audience interprets the play as it is a grounding factor

The Discoveries of Galileo Galilei

988 words - 4 pages invention of the grandfather clock. As during this time it was difficult to keep time accurately, he hypothesized and experimented which led to his many discoveries. Galileo revealed himself as a huge advocate of Copernicus’s heliocentric system in The Starry Messenger. The Roman Inquisition of the Catholic Church disapproved of Copernicanism and made Galileo discard the Copernican thesis. Later he was told that he was allowed to continue to

Bertolt Brecht

1505 words - 6 pages himself as dependant on certain political and economic factors and at the same time as capable of altering them," (Brecht, 1964b: p86 in Zarilli, 1998: p262)Brecht is referring here to his aim that instead of imitating the style employed by realism, presenting the action as inevitable, his theatre would be one that portrayed possible courses of action, not one seemingly inevitable one.As a playwright and actor, Brecht believed a play did not need to

The Life and Work of Galileo

1374 words - 5 pages theories which later resulted in his imprisonment. It is still believed today that a grave error was committed on the part of the ecclesiastical authorities because of their hatred for science and the desire to remain unenlightened concerning the heavens. However, Galileo protested saying that the Bible’s purpose is to "tell men to go to heaven, not how the heavens go."2 He did, nonetheless, predict his own ridicule but did not anticipate prosecution

Similar Essays

Life Of Galileo Galilei By Bertolt Brecht

2687 words - 11 pages expensive old wine. Here Brecht makes it apparent just how fond of science and reason Galileo was. His fascination with it brought out sensual feelings within him and he enjoyed it immensely. Through these phrases Brecht has perfectly informed the audience of the strongly held beliefs of the opposing sides and as Epic theatre allows the audience is now left to for their own views and criticize them as they please. This extract also brings forth the theme

Galileo Essay 2335 Words

2335 words - 9 pages Pisa, Italy (then a part of the Duchy of Tuscany), to Vincenzo Galilei, a musician, and Giulia Ammannati. Galileo studied medicine at the university of Pisa from 1581 to 1585, but his real interests were in mathematics and natural philosophy and Galileo left the university in 1585 without a degree. It was during this time frame that Galileo began to doubt conventional science, since much of what he was being taught at that time as scientific fact

Galileo Essay 1538 Words

1538 words - 6 pages 1540s, the Church decided to suppress what it regarded as heresy" (McTavish 13). "To speak against the Church and its doctrines was called heresy" (Hightower 66). "As he sees it, Galileo has committed one of the worst heresies possible and his teachings have seriously threatened the Church's authority" (White 5). As late as 1600, this fate had befallen the Italian thinker Giordano Bruno, a one-time Dominican monk who had embraced

Galileo Essay 611 Words

611 words - 3 pages in the white shirt of penitence, which signified his willing to confess of his wrong doing. The Inquisition indicted Galileo, charged him with breaking his promise to follow an injunction which stated that he would not preach about the Copernican system. Galileo’s sentenced read as follows, “And, so that you will be more cautious in future, and an example for others to abstain from delinquencies of this sort, we order that the book Dialogue of