"Brighton Rock" Is The First Novel In Which Graham Greene Incorporates Theology. Discuss The Author's Use Of Religion And Religious Imagery.

1542 words - 6 pages

"Heaven was a word; Hell was something he could trust."Religion is a significant aspect of Graham Greene's Brighton Rock. It gives the reader a chance to explore the religious beliefs and workings that take place in the mind of each of the characters. Religion is not only a matter of the character's beliefs, but is also an important factor in the dilemmas and situations they confront. Whether through Hale's funeral and Ida's unconventional belief system, or Pinkie and Rose's Catholicism and under-age marriage, religion provides a backdrop against which the events of the book are set. Perhaps more uncomfortable however, is the suggestion of an inversion of the Seven Sacraments through which Pinkie passes - perhaps on his way to "...something he could trust".Hale's funeral is a subtle introduction of the theme of religion in the novel. Its main purpose is to examine Ida's controversial beliefs and views, as well as creating grey areas surrounding what is right and wrong. Both before and after the funeral service Ida says, "I like a funeral". This gives an immediate shock value, and taken out of context, gives a very negative image of Ida. Greene expands this, however, to explain that she liked a funeral as most people "...like a ghost story". Even though Greene actually states that Ida is not religious, the reader gets the impression that Ida has a religion of her very own - a religion that believes "...only in ghosts, ouija boards" and "...little inept voices speaking plaintively of flowers". Greene uses Ida's attitude to Christianity, to possibly reflect his own uncertainty. Ida believes that "...papists treat death with flippancy" and that life was not as important to them as death, and what comes after death. Ida's belief system therefore, stands as an alternative to Pinkie and Rose's Catholicism. She herself seems to stand as a symbol of life being lived;"Life was sunlight on brass bedposts, Ruby port, the leap of the heart."This is not to say however, that she should be seen in an entirely positive light; her conviction that "I know what's right", seems in many ways to be as dogmatic and unmerciful as that of the "papists" themselves.Greene presents uses Hale's funeral to examine another type of unconventional belief. The church where Hale is cremated is portrayed as a modern secular church, creating another religious perspective aside from that of Catholicism and Ida's non-conformism. A sense of irony is apparent during the priest's speech. He states that:"Our belief in heaven, is not qualified by our disbelief in the old medieval hell."almost dismissing the existence of Hell, but Greene then subtly mocks this by describing how the "...coffin slid smoothly down into the fiery sea". This extreme contrast conjures up images of Hell and damnation and the use of alliteration is a helpful tool to demonstrate this image to the reader.Within Brighton Rock, Hell is most closely associated with the two main protagonists Pinkie and Rose. To stop Rose...

Find Another Essay On "Brighton Rock" is the first novel in which Graham Greene incorporates theology. Discuss the author's use of religion and religious imagery.

Discuss Tennessee Williams' use of imagery and symbolism in The Glass Menagerie

2008 words - 8 pages In Tennessee Williams' play The Glass Menagerie; he uses symbols to represent the reoccurring theme of the failure to accept reality and Tom's theme of escape. Like his narrator, Tom, Williams has a poet's "weakness for symbols" and the most prominent of these symbols is Laura's glass menagerie, which is very central to the play and links all the themes together.The first symbol, presented in the first scene, is the fire escape. This represents

Discuss Tennessee William's use of imagery and symbolism in The Glass Menagerie

2008 words - 8 pages In Tennessee Williams' play The Glass Menagerie; he uses symbols to represent the reoccurring theme of the failure to accept reality and Tom's theme of escape. Like his narrator, Tom, Williams has a poet's "weakness for symbols" and the most prominent of these symbols is Laura's glass menagerie, which is very central to the play and links all the themes together.The first symbol, presented in the first scene, is the fire escape. This represents

Discuss the idea of change in the novel, paying attention to the authors' use of metaphor and imagery to denote change and comments and actions of Fridaus.- "Woman At Point Zero" by Nawal El Sadaawi

898 words - 4 pages until she decides to face death she is no longer uncertain about her position in society, and only then she accepts her place and decides to end her search for acceptance. Throughout the novel Nawal El Saadawi's use of metaphor and imagery is constantly evident, and it helps promote the incentive Saadawi has in mind for the reader to acknowledge.One of the earliest, and probably most significant changes she goes through, are involving eyes. From

"There is always a moment in childhood when the door opens to let the future in." Discuss with reference to two stories from "Twenty One Short Stories" (Graham Greene)

517 words - 2 pages Graham Greene always believed that at a point in a child's life, an experience takes place that changes the child in a major way.This is clearly seen in 'The Hint of an Explanation', a dialogue between a child and a man (who we realize is a priest at the end), who recounts a childhood experience, which to him, contains a 'hint' that God exists. As a child, he used to serve at the mass, which was a 'routine like drill', never taken seriously, and

Greeneland is a term which is used to describe the kind of world Greene portrays in his stories. Discuss this statement by making close reference to "Twenty-One Stories"

693 words - 3 pages mentions the jiggers, cockroaches and mosquitoes. Greene reverses this image in "A Drive in the Country" where nature is being presented as a cemetery for the idler.In his stories, Greene represents a degenerate world by all sorts of fraud, idleness, sin and failure. After having discussed certain characteristics of Greeneland, I can conclude that although the setting or the plot of each story changes, the atmosphere remains Greeneland.(As reference books, I used only Graham Greene's short stories)

"The Quiet American" by Graham Greene: "In order to understand events clearly we must observe them at close range." How far does the novel show this to be true?

676 words - 3 pages The novel, “The Quiet American”, demonstrates that in order to understand events clearly, something more than just observation at “close range” is required. It shows that interpretation, wisdom and experience must be present to allow a clear view of such events as those occurring within the novel. This is shown in a comparison between Fowler and Pyle and how they react to various situations. The novel also demonstrates that

A look at the novel 'Waterland' by Graham Swift. Focusing on how the use of history within the novel exemplifies the reflective style of Swift

1900 words - 8 pages department being discontinued. The use of history within the novel defines both the reflective style of Graham Swift's writing and the characters that he creates.Oral tradition is the foundation of history whether modern or personal. Graham Swift exemplifies this by discussing the importance of story telling to the history of the Fens. He begins by illustrating the character of Tom's father as a man who enjoys telling stories whether they are true or not

Discuss the extent to which Vianne Rocher and Francis Reynaud are outsiders in the novel "Chocolat" written by Joanne Harris

772 words - 3 pages our children's minds away" (chapter: 13, page: 91).What also makes him an outsider is that he will stop at almost nothing to eliminate what he thinks is a threat.In conclusion the extent to which Vianne Rocher and Francis Reynaud are outsiders is that they both want to be accepted into the hearts and minds of the village people of Lansquenet-sous-Tannes. They both use different ways in which they try to get the people of Lansquenet-sous-Tannes to accept them.

In the novel "Perfume", discuss how Patrick Suskind tells a story in which there are no relationships of any strength, and no dialogue of any length

860 words - 3 pages convey the story to the reader and keep the audience interested for the entire length of the novel.As the novel starts in the streets of Paris in 18th century France, we are immediately introduced to the birth of Jean Baptiste. The author however, tries to emphasize more on he setting. During the first few chapters, Suskind describes the streets as filthy and basically a place that really stinks. He describes the slums as odorous and the place is

An essay on the novel Mosquito Coast written by Paul Theroux, which discuss the setting of Hatfield and how Theroux creates a believable start to his thrilling novel

1222 words - 5 pages In the novel Mosquito Coast we the readers are taken on a vast trip across farming country, an ocean and to a vast land covered in substantial jungle. But for every end there is a beginning, and in this novel the foundation is laid in a small town called Hatfield Massachusetts. Here is where the story begins and where the idealistic character Allie Fox is supplied with the right fuel to begin is eccentric journey of trial and error. Sir Isaac

Describe The Recurring Use Of Imagery, Motifs, Themes And Ideas In Michael Ondaatje's Novel In The Skin Of A Lion. Explain How Multiple Readings Can Be Concluded From The Book

818 words - 4 pages When examining a text and its effect, it is important to realise that an audience is composed of multiple individuals, each with their own values and interpretations. In The Skin of a Lion, the novel by Michael Ondaatje is created from a complex range of interwoven storylines, and as a result, can evoke many different interpretations from its readers. These readings are evident among the magnificent web of themes, motifs and characters, spun by

Similar Essays

Characters And Settings As Instruments Of Revolt Against The Catholic Dogma In Graham Greene's Brighton Rock

2529 words - 10 pages Brighton Rock, Greene uses a particular setting, coupled with characters that are both realistic and symbolic, to protest against the religious dogmas of Catholic religion.Many readers, upon reading Brighton Rock, note the strong rhythm and pacing of the action, which is Graham Greene's trademark and cinematic influence, and the rapidity at which we can understand the world the author is laying before us; some observe, with enough textual evidence

Graham Greene: The Destructors, A Shocking Accident, And The Blue Film. This Is A Biographical Essay On Graham Greene, Which Critiques As Well As Explains Three Of His Short Stories

2463 words - 10 pages Graham GreeneThe Destructors, A Shocking Accident, and The Blue Film.Graham Greene has a style of writing, which incorporates much meaning with a hint of dry humor. The environment in which a writer lives determines the type of works that they will produce. Another factor which many writers take advantage of is a select type of genre or author that they read at earlier stages in the development of their writing style. Like most writers, Graham

Use Of Imagery In The First Two Acts Of Macbeth

1880 words - 8 pages used as a way to persuade. “I would… have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums and dashed the brains out” represents lady Macbeth’s devotion to her husband, in a way to persuade him into doing what she requests. “Boneless gums” represents innocence and vulnerability, evoking feelings of pity. This is destroyed with the use of “plucked”, “dashed” which have are full of violence and threat. This description frightens the audience, leaving it in

The Comparison Of The Author's Use Of Imagery Of Trees In "Heirs To The Past" And "The Dark Child" By Camara Laye

1323 words - 5 pages (Chraibi 42).In The Dark Child, there is no consistent use of imagery of trees; they are used to portray several connections. Laye repeatedly uses the imagery of trees to support and appreciate his traditions. The Dark Child is an autobiography, which makes it hard to use the imagery of trees like Chraibi. Camara focuses on his teenage years, and writes about his culture; "The guava trees in the yard would be in leaf again and last years leaves