Causes Of French Revolution Essay

3619 words - 14 pages

The Causes of the French Revolution.The French revolution overthrew the country?s ancient monarchy, proclaimed Liberty, Equality and Fraternity and fought off a hostile Europe. It ushered in a new age, but at a terrible price in blood and human suffering. There were many causes of the Revolution. The French Revolution appears to have been the outcome of both long term and short term factors, which arose from the social and political conditions and conflicts of the ancien regime. The long standing grievances of peasants, townsmen and bourgeoisie; the frustration?s of rising hopes among wealthy and ?middling? bourgeoisie and peasants; the distress and breakdown of government; a real (or at least perceived) ?feudal reaction?; the stubbornness of a privileged aristocracy; the creation of radical ideas among wide sections of the people; a sharp economic and financial crisis; and the successive triggers of state bankruptcy, aristocratic revolt and popular revolution: all these factors played a part. The middle and lower class were becoming more conscious of their increased social importance and because the peasants were becoming more independent, more literate and prosperous that the old feudal freedoms and aristocratic privileges appeared all the more burdensome and intolerable for the struggling discontents of France.For more than one hundred years before the accession of Louis XVI, France was the most powerful country on the European continent. She had held this position for over 150 years, thanks to her fertile land, large population and many resources. However, the government had under gone periodic economic crisis, resulting from long wars, royal mismanagement, losses incurred in the French and Indian War (1756-1763) and Seven Years? War (1775-1783) and increased debt arising from loans to the American colonies during the American Revolution (1775-1783). The governmental system had worked reasonably well under Louis XIV but had become impossible under his weak successors. The government was corrupt and centralized and the King?s authority had been slowly extended over the country. Under the system, there was a lot of overlapping authority and a great inefficiency in the provincial governments. The only people who could obstruct the royal government in an attempt to save the country was the Parliament of Paris. Unfortunately, its members were only concerned about their own welfare rather than the members of the country. The greatest government weakness was the lack of consistency and order. By 1788, the government was almost bankrupt. The supporters of economic, social and governmental reforms had become increasingly vocal during the reign of Louis XVI. The greatest governmental weakness lay in the lack of order and consistency.The Administration of Justice and Finance were particularly confused and the government fell steadily behind, owed on public debt accounted for 51% off all expenditures (Going broke).1 1- The most hated responsibilities...

Find Another Essay On Causes Of French Revolution

Causes of the French Revolution Essay

993 words - 4 pages The French Revolution went on for ten years, beginning in 1789 and ending in 1799. Influencing life not only in Europe, but in other countries as well, the revolution began because of important factors. Some specific factors were abrupt but powerful, while others were continual. The causes were because of economic, political, and social aspects. There were a numerous amount of economic issues. The first was when King Louis XIV left the

Causes of the French Revolution Essay

1927 words - 8 pages Causes of the French Revolution The French Revolution happened in France around the period 1789-92 (although these dates are disputed by historians), and resulted in the overthrow of the French monarchy and the Ancien Régime (the system of government). The monarchy in France had been established for many centuries, and the causes of the Revolution were deeply-rooted, including the problems with the Ancien Régime, the growth of nationalism

Causes of the French Revolution

1119 words - 5 pages Historians have long debated the causes of the French Revolution. Perhaps this is because it was a result of a multitude of factors as opposed to just a single one. A combination of several social, political and economic causes led to upheaval of the Ancien Régime, the system of law and government in France prior to the French Revolution in 1789. During the eighteenth century, French society was divided into three classes

Causes of the French Revolution

2787 words - 11 pages just the First or Second or Third Estate and look directly at the rule of Louis XVI as being the determining factor in the Revolution. Although the king ruled over France and held the most power, and even though his reign was far more indulgent in comparison to previous kings, the political foundation of France was an issue before he his rule (“France: The Causes of the French Revolution” 2-4). With such an influential event in European History

Causes of the French Revolution - 1255 words

1255 words - 5 pages Analyze the various causes of the French Revolution. Include social, economic and ideological factors Just as any story has a climax; one can deduce that the 17th and 18th centuries were the turning point for most of European history; however, different places experienced this change in different ways. As the previous discoveries and inventions were made by remarkable scientists like Galileo, the Enlightenment was the next logical step in the

Causes of The French Revolution

526 words - 2 pages A revolution broke out in France in 1789 between the people of first and second Estates and the people of the Third Estate because the people of the Third Estate were treated incredibly unfair so they came together and took matters into their own hands. The three most important causes of the French Revolution were the bad economy and unfair taxes paid by the Third Estate, lack of voice and rights, and the idea of enlightenment and the

Causes of the French Revolution - 1010 words

1010 words - 4 pages The French Revolution was incited by a variety of reasons. At the time, the government was in a serious deficit resulting in great taxations. They had spent huge sums of money on the French and Indian War, and the king and nobility consumed much money to keep up with their lavish lifestyles. In addition, there was a severe economic depression at the time. In areas of agriculture, manufacturing, and trade, there were great downturns. Also

Causes of the French Revolution - 1866 words

1866 words - 7 pages Causes of the French Revolution There is no doubt that the French Revolution has had a profound effect on the world. The cause or causes of it have been greatly disputed. Clearly the Revolution's primary cause was the presence of a weak monarchy and a lack of a stable system of government. France's absolute monarchy had many changes toward the end of the eighteenth century. Louis XIV, in his attempts to centralize his authority and

Influential Causes of the French Revolution

2396 words - 10 pages associated with royal power and in opposition to absolutism by calling for liberty. The inequalities within France’s traditional order pushed France into Revolution as the Third Estate revolted against the other classes. The most influential causes of the French Revolution was caused by the corruption and extravagance of the French monarchy, the enormous financial crisis, and the exclusion of the Third Estate from power. Louis XVI was a terrible king

Causes of the French Revolution DBQ

1102 words - 4 pages The late 1700's were a period of great social and political revolution in Western civilization. The French Revolution was a major part of this sweeping change in the way Europeans (and the newborn Americans) perceived the function of government and the most effective ways of governing. The French Revolution had many long term and short term causes and effects, and was one of the most violent periods in the history of the country. There were many

Causes and Effects of the French Revolution

2250 words - 9 pages constitution. After this action by the king, moderate revolutionaries still wanted to preserve the constitutional monarchy, while the radicals distrusted the king and wanted a republic. These were the causes of the French Revolution. Many peoples' lives were changed during this time. Peoples' ideas also changed.After the war between France and Austria and Prussia, prices increased dramatically, and food shortages occurred. When Louis XVI and his wife

Similar Essays

Causes Of French Revolution Essay

1867 words - 7 pages The French Revolution: Causes, Outcomes, Conflicting InterpretationsCauses of the French Revolution:-1. International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state2. Political conflict: conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the "reform" of thetax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy.3. The Enlightenment: impulse for reform intensifies political conflicts; reinforces traditionalaristocratic

Causes Of French Revolution Essay

793 words - 3 pages The event most commonly associated with the beginning of the French Revolution is the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789. Instigated by rumors that the King had begun to organize military forces for a counterattack against government reformers, a crowd of urban Parisians converged upon the Bastille with the intent of staging a preemptive strike against the monarchy. A state prison and military armory, the Bastille had been seen by the

Causes Of The French Revolution Essay 906 Words

906 words - 4 pages What were the causes of the 1789 French Revolution?The 1794 French Revolution was caused by a number of factors and events. The first of these was the heavy taxation of the common people as well as the financial irresponsibility of the monarchy concerning these funds. Secondly, the unpopularity of the upper classes and Marie Antoinette had a huge impact on the general feeling of discontent among the lower classes. Finally, the short term issues

Causes Of The French Revolution Essay 1210 Words

1210 words - 5 pages Young's Travels in France, "There is an injustice in levying the amount each person must pay" which indicates that the taxes being placed on the third estate was incredibly unfair, and was one of the causes leading to the French Revolution.Another major contribution to the formation of the revolution was the American Revolution. Ever since the arrival of the British in 1620, North America was a national gold mine for land. Many countries wanted this