Countries With English As A Second Language

1727 words - 7 pages

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

An introduction is the first point in everything we want to do. In this proposal writing, the first chapter is introduction, which contains Background of the Study, Reason for Choosing the Topic, Statement of the Problem, Objective of the Study, Hypothesis, Limitation of the Problem, Significance of the Study, Definition of Key Terms and Organization of the Research.
1.1 Background of the Study
One of language function is as a communication tool. Some countries use English as a second language, for example Malaysia and Singapore. In Indonesia, English is a foreign language. The Indonesian government chooses English as the first foreign language to be taught in the schools such as in Junior High School (SMP), Senior High School (SMA) and University. It is important for students to learn the language because English is not only an international language but also a language of science.
Some students feel difficult to master English because they only get a few times to learn and practice it every week in the school. Learning English involves mastery of four skills such as listening, reading, speaking and writing. Writing skill is more complex and difficult skill to be taught because it is not only requiring mastery on grammatical and rhetorical devices but also on conceptual and judgement devices (Heaton, 1975:138). Therefore, the teacher should be creative in delivering the lesson, in order to attract their interestsof the students with the topic being taught. Teaching is not easy but it is very important and rewarding when teachers see the students can achive the teaching learning process target.
Some students think that Englishis difficult and makes them stressful. However, the teacher can make it enjoyable. The teacher has to change the students mindset that learning English is fun and easy. A teacher should create a classroom atmosphere conducively. In addition, doing some interactions between a teacher and students such as using the ice breaking technique during the beginning in the class to reduce tension, like giving simple games, practicing say tongue twister and another games to the students.
Most of Indonesian students get problem about their writing. Sometimes the students can express their ideas orally but they can not tell what they think and what they want to say in a piece of paper. Since, writing is much more challenging than speaking. In speaking, students do not need very accurate grammar, but in writing they should use grammar correctly and make outlines of ideas to make easy in writing process.
When the teachers ask students to write something, they need a long time to find what topic they are going to write. When ideas are coming to their mind and they start writing, sometimes they get stuck in a point and find difficulties to elaborate their ideas. Since there are four common problems in writing, they are in content, organizing, vocabulary and grammar.
The first is content, the students should...

Find Another Essay On Countries with English as a Second Language

Classical Approaches to Teaching English as a Second Language

1609 words - 6 pages activities at all. As I have said, I have always wanted to be able to use the target language communicatively. Thanks to the exercises based on the Audio-Lingual Method I had the chance to speak English more often and as a consequence it helped me to acquire fluency. My teachers liked to deal with dialogs but only those which were in the course book. I seldom took part in role plays but that was not the most important for me. I enjoyed the fact that

Using Drama in English as a Second Language Classes

666 words - 3 pages without any special props or costumed needed. As there are seven scenes in my adapted script, I can have different students to perform different scenes in my adapted script. Thus, every student will be able to involve themselves in the reader’s theatre. Kristina Roberson (2009) claims that in reader theatre, beginning English speakers can have a small role with one or two sentences. Hence, I can assign students who have low English proficiency to

Using Tablets in Teaching English as a Second Language

1256 words - 6 pages , verbalization and involvement in collaborative learning (SIIA Report – 2000). English lessons that incorporate multimedia applications can exert powerful motivation and provide bored students with exciting new ways to learn. The utilization and integration of PC Tablet can indeed assist students in acquiring English Language competency as well as enhance the quality of their learning experience. Because of its interactive and dynamic nature, the PC

PROBLEMS IN TEACHING/LEARNING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE IN INDIA

955 words - 4 pages to meet the grave situation and promote better standards of achievement. Works Cited  Broughton, Geoffrey. Teaching English as a Foreign Language. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978.  Cook,Vivan. Second Language Learning and Language Teaching. Edward Arnold, London, 1991.  Ellis, R. The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994.  Howatt A.P.R. A History of English Language Teaching, Oxford

The Use of Code-Switching in Teaching English as a Second Language

1267 words - 6 pages . That is the reason why students of elementary school up to university learn English as second language (ESL) or foreign language (EFL) nowadays. In the context of ESL/EFL learning process, a class has a really important role. That is the main place where the learners are given many kind of target language input. So that is why, the class should be set maximally. In order to do that, teacher should concern on many aspects. Besides of the methods or

Experimental Study Regarding English as a Second Language for College Students in Turkey

764 words - 4 pages The study conducted by Yuksel and Tanriverdi in 2009 had one main purpose. The aim of the study was to determine the effects of watching an English captioned video clip on University level students who were learning English as a foreign language. More specifically the study wanted to investigate “how English language material with or without English language captions would affect vocabulary development of the foreign language learners in a

Practice for Teaching English as a Second Language to Students in Hong Kong: Analyzing my Own Classroom Interaction

2143 words - 9 pages Introduction Classroom interaction has been widely recognized as one of the most crucial factors in a second language classroom that allows second language learning to take place. As pointed out by Tsui (1995: 11), ."..the language used affects the nature of interaction, which in turn affects the opportunities for learning that are made available." This statement is exceptionally true in Hong Kong context because English are seldom used by

English - The Most Important Second Language

2713 words - 11 pages 1. English - the most important second language Over 700 million people in the world speak English and it is the international language of diplomacy, business, science, technology, banking, computing, medicine, engineering, tourism, and Hollywood films. Furthermore two-thirds of German companies anticipate that applicants have thorough knowledge of English. Therefore teachers have to advance students' foreign language competences as early

English language learners comprehension lessson plan for second grade english. Helping students understand nouns and verbs

763 words - 3 pages regarding the academic language and English language which they are learning as they give input to the group.Gunning then talks about the helpfulness of "increasing the amount of oral language in the classroom" to improve English speaking. With this lesson's opportunities to participate in a small group they are better able to understand others and make them understood, this is due to less anxiety within a small cooperative group (p. 526-627, 2005

Addressing Challenges on Acquisition of Reading Comprehension to Second Language English Speakers

1818 words - 8 pages that lack of English language proficiency Description Who: The learners who will be involved in the study will be those who do not have English as a home language. Most of the learners are situated in the southern side of Johannesburg. Most of them English is their second, third or fourth additional language. These are the learners that I saw that they struggle a lot with comprehension. What: My research topic comes from observing how our

American As A Second Language

851 words - 3 pages American as a Second Language On arriving in America from Australia 3 years ago I discovered that there were several differences and similarities between the two countries. The first and probably the biggest of these was cars and driving.American cars were interesting to me. They made the same annoying revving sound at 5:00 AM as they did in Australia, but when I looked to find the source of the noise it was on the wrong side of the road, and

Similar Essays

English As A Second Language Essay

4332 words - 17 pages To what extend does awareness of English-speaking countries cultures how Vietnamese learn English as a second language?Centre # 004890Candidate number #0025Abstract:ContentsAbstract 2Content 4Introduction 4Background research 4The study 9Research question 9Aim of research 9Method of research 9Participants' background 10Results trend 10Interpretation of results 13The study 15Research question 15Aim of research 15Participants' background 16Results

English As A Second Language Essay

1130 words - 5 pages has English as their second language, teachers must understand the importance that language and culture have when it comes to learning, teaching and socialisation. A teacher must be sensitive to individual student’s learning needs and interests in respects to language and culture. To help students with ESL to engage better with a lesson and get more out of a lesson, as teachers we must be able to create outcomes that can adapt for the needs of

Learning English As A Second Language

675 words - 3 pages In our modern education system many students are faced with the challenge of learning English as a second language (ESL). This can be a difficult transition period for students and a challenge for the educator as well. Learning English as a second language is a barrier that must be overcome if the student is expected to progress through the American education system and can have definite impacts on learning all other subjects, because if the

English As A Second Language In China

620 words - 2 pages In contemporary society, English, which is studied as the second language, has become an international language. China is a typical example showing the popularity of English around the world. More specifically, Chinese students have even been studying English in their primary school. Because of different cultures, histories, and religious, the Chinese and English languages have a multitude of dissimilarities. Chinese students have enormous