Eurasian Union Essay

2884 words - 12 pages

Russia's Eurasian Union: Danger For The USA And The NeighborhoodIntroductionIn the fall of 2011, Russian President Vladimir Putin offered Belarus and Kazakhstan to form an alliance - Eurasian Union (EAU). In November of the same year, the three presidents of these countries came up with an agreement to bring the Eurasian Union into action and make it completely operational by 2015.Stretching from the border with Poland to the Pacific, the new Eurasian Union will be the largest multinational entity. Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan are going to unite their economies, law systems, and customs services in order to create a stronger Eurasian world player. They are adjusting their militaries through the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), and Vladimir Putin is pressing for more coordination of their security services. This geopolitical consolidation will most probably affect their neighbors' independence, sovereignty, and political orientation. Such countries as Georgia, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Moldova may be considered for the future membership to the Eurasian Union.A Eurasian Union that evolves into a Russian sphere of influence would adopt a mercantilist view on the world economy. It will most probably monopolize regional security, could menace the stability of the region, and disrupt political and economic freedom in Central Asia. American policy should foresee such efforts and make the case that an open economic environment offers a greater prospect for regional development. Such an approach would serve interests of the USA and create a better environment for a peaceful and prosperous Central Asia. The USA should organize an interagency effort to promote good governance and rule-based market economics as well as to combat efforts to close markets to the West.The Eurasian Union: Top Geopolitical Priority Of Vladimir PutinIn one of the article in the Russian newspaper "Izvestia" in October 2011, Vladimir Putin offered as part of his electioneering to form a Eurasian Union [2]. He forecasted the integration of Russia and eventually all of the former republics of the Soviet Union, with the exception of the Baltic states, by eliminating barriers to the traffic of goods and people within a single economic area and by coordinating both external and domestic policies and legislation.The high-level leadership, fast pace, and considerable funding postponed the integration efforts. In 2010, Russia, Belarus, and Kazakhstan implemented a joint external tariff and authorized a customs code. In July 2012, there was the Single Economic Space and a Eurasian Economic Commission in Moscow to administer it, which was headed by former Russian Vice-Premier and Minister of Industry and Energy, Victor Khristenko. The presidents of Russia, Belarus, and Kazakhstan came up with the agreement of launching the Eurasian Union in November 2011. It will be entirely in operation in 2015, and then, as Khristenko claimed, "longer-term action" can be...

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