According to Longman dictionary euthanasia means “the deliberate killing of a person who is very ill ‘(terminal illness)’ and going to die, in order to stop them suffering.” There are two different types of euthanasia; active and passive. Euthanasia is legalized in some parts of the world like Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, Oregon, Montana and Washington. Euthanasia should not be legalized in Canada because it is not lawful, ethical, and violates Canada’s respect for every religion.
First, it is not lawful. According to Canadian law it is a crime. For instance, the criminal code section #241 part b) states that anyone who assists in suicide whether complete or incomplete is guilty for indictable offense, resulting in 14 years of imprisonment. It is also not permitted by the Canadian Medical Association. For example the Canadian Medical Association policy specifically states that “Canadian physicians should not participate in euthanasia.” Furthermore, the physician should not cause death intentionally because it “is fundamentally incompatible with the physicians’ role as healer and caregiver.”Therefore, euthanasia is seen as a crime by two laws committees, national and medical.
In addition to lawfulness it is unethical. Doctors should not be given Legislative power to administer death since it can cause a slippery slope. For example, euthanasia is allowed in Netherlands for twenty three years and doctors have went from killing terminally ill who asks for it, to killing chronically ill who asks for it, and to newborn babies who are born with birth defects at their parents request. Furthermore, euthanasia might become the cost effective way treat people with terminal illness. For example, the patient might request euthanasia because he/she does not want their loved ones to spend so much money on them when eventually they have to die, or the family might ask the doctor to euthanize the patient since they can’t afford it. All in all, it is unethical in the terms of giving the doctor power to kill and cost.
Lastly, it violates Canada’s respect for all religions. Every religion believes that God is the most merciful and powerful of all, and that life and death are both in hands of God. The Jewish codes insist that the body belongs to the Almighty, and no-one is permitted to harm, jeopardize or destroy God’s property. For instance, in their Holy Book Torah, Genesis 9:5 says, “I will surely require an accounting for your life-blood”, and the sages say this includes a suicide (Bava Kamma 91b). In Islam euthanasia is also not allowed. For example, in Quran, Chapter 4 verse number 29 it states that “Destroy not yourselves. Surely Allah is ever merciful to you.” Also in the hadith book Sahih Bukhari 4.56.669 it shares an incident which has to do with mercy killing it is like “The Prophet said: "Amongst the nations before you there was a man who got a wound, and growing impatient (with its pain), he took a knife and cut his hand with it and the blood did...