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Events Of The French Revolution Essay

600 words - 3 pages

Events of the French Revolution
(Page 546-561)

I. Background to the Revolution
-1789: Beginning of the French Revolution
-FR tried to create new political and social order
-Population of 27 million was divided into 3 estates
-1st estate: --130,000 people --Owned 10% of land --Exempt from taille
-2nd estate: --350,000 people –Owned 25%-30% of land –Held many leading positions of military, government, law courts, and church offices –Exempt from taille
-3rd estate: --Commoners –Majority of French population –Peasants made up 75-80% of third estate –Owned 35-40% of land –Consisted of craftspeople, shopkeepers, and other wage earners –bourgeoisie was 8% of population or 2.3 million people; 20-25% of the land
-1787-1788: Bad harvests and food shortages
-Queen Marie Antoinette was known for extensive spending
-1614: French parliament (raise new taxes)

II. Destruction of the Old Regime
-August 4, 1789: National Assembly ...view middle of the document...

Legislative assembly would make the laws
-Assembly consists of 745 representatives. Only men over 25 could vote (if paid specified amount in taxes)
-June 1791: Louis XVI tried to flee
-1792 (spring): Legislative Assembly declared war on Austria
-Political groups organized a mob attack on the royal palace and Legislative Assembly in August
-Paris Commune gained power and forced Legislative Assembly to suspend the monarchy and call for a National Convention

III. The Move to Radicalism
-Georges Danton led the Paris Communes and sought revenge on people who aided the king
-Jean-Paul Marat published “Friend of the People.”
-September 1792: National Convention began its sessions- Acted as ruling body of France
-Convention : Lawyers, Professionals, property owners. 2/3 were under 45 years
-September 21: National Convention was to abolish the monarchy and establish the Frech Republic
-Convention members split into factions—Most important factions were Girondins and the Mountain (Both part of the Jacobin club) (they disputed)
-The Mountain won in 1793 when it convinced the National Convention to pass a decree allowing Louis XVI’s death
-January 21, 1793: Louis XVI was beheaded on the guillotine
-Within Paris, National Convention did not rule all. French peasants would refuse to accept authority of National Convention
-Austria, Prussia, Spain, Portugal, Britain, and the Dutch Republic took arms against France
-1793 (spring): Coalition was poised for an invasion of France
-National Convention gave broad powers to Committee of Public Safety (committee of 12)—Dominated by Georges Danton, then Maximilien Robespierre

IV. The Reign of Terror to the Directory
-During 1793-1794: The Committee acted to defend France from foreign and domestic threats
-Reign of Terror: Revolutionary courts were set up to presecute internal enemies of the revolutionary republic
-40,000 people were killed—16,000 (including Marie Antoinette and Olympe de Gouges) died from guillotine.

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