'explain How Various Key Characteristics Of Primates Facilitate Tool Using Behaviour.'

1030 words - 4 pages

Animals, similarly to humans, have the symbolic ability.Symbol is a thing which represents something else and it has separate existence from the thing it represents.Primates such as monkeys and apes are being in dispute with other mammals in the development of only one organ of the body ,which is the brain.They have the ability to understand the "cause-and-effect" mechanism(the ability to solve a problem) and the ability to plan and simulate actions ahead of carrying them out(use of the sticks as tools)More specific,only common chimpanzees and humans, among the great apes, regularly invest much time in play with detached objects.The accidental explanation of the paradox that gorillas regularly show skills in tool-use and even tool-making captivity may be that young gorillas also play with objects, but yet tools seem to have no part in their natural lives.(Mc Grew 1989).So because the chimpanzees play a lot with objects, they have the opportunity to discover how to solve a problem with their food for example, and it is part of their normal behaviour.Byrne said that the point is that so long as they can do it, they are capable of solving problems.As mentioned before, for animals using tools seems most likely to offer a window into their understanding of cause-and-effect relationships in the mechanical world.A "tool" is, somewhat arbitrarily, defined as a detached object applied to another object in order to achieve a result.Many animals, from insects to apes ,use detached objects as aids in their actions such as weapons, hammers , anvils, lures, probes, sponges, and many more others.Three things are usually true for tool-using.Firstly,that the habit is not shared by closely related species.Secondly, that the individuals of the species use one type of tool and for only one particular purpose and thirdly, that all individuals use the tool in the same way, given the same opportunities.And from these facts, one question comes in light; whether animal tool-use necessarily reflects intelligence.The human brain is much less advanced at birth than the brains of the monkeys and apes.In a new born chimpanzee the brain forms around 46 per cent of its adult weight, but in a human baby the brain forms around only 25 per cent of that weight.(Blackfan 1933, Schultz 1941).Using these proportions as an indication of maturity we can calculate that our brain is not as mature as the brain of a neonatal chimpanzee until we are 6 months old or so.(Passingham 1975).All the primates that have been tested improve over a series of strangeness problems, indicating that they have grasped the relevant principle.Rhesus monkeys and chimpanzees have been shown to be able to learn the rule under some conditions when racoons and cats fail to do so.Of the primates lemurs and squirrel monkeys show less improvement than cebus monkeys or rhesus monkeys.Of course, chimpanzees show their superiority on this and on some other tests, mastering the strangeness principle with the relative...

Find Another Essay On 'Explain how various key characteristics of Primates facilitate tool-using behaviour.'

Different Characteristics of Muscular Systems Required for Various Tasks

791 words - 3 pages In American Scientist journal, "Testing a Muscle's Design," University of Pennsylvania biologist Lawrence C. Rome shows that how a muscular system works depends on macroscopic features, such as the placement of the muscles, as well as microscopic elements, such as the molecular components that make a muscle contract. By examining their characteristics, Rome discovers that many muscular systems perform almost perfectly given their assigned tasks

Explain key psychological perspectives on learning, such as memory, how learning takes place, intelligence, etc. You should refer to the work of key theorists

1753 words - 7 pages views until the "Information Processing" paradigm emerged in the 1950's. Atkinson and Shiffrin's model (1968) included the concept that the movement of information from STM into LTM depends upon rehearsal; Craik and Lockhart (1972) argued that rehearsal alone was insufficient to explain he transfer of data into LTM and that the key to the process is the 'level of processing' - information is processed simultaneously at different levels depending

The Effect of Personal Characteristics on Prosocial Behaviour

2106 words - 8 pages The Effect of Personal Characteristics on Prosocial Behaviour In this essay, it will be first looked at the effect personal characteristics have on Prosocial behaviour including the level of moral reasoning of individuals, vicarious emotional reactions, altruism, guilt, self concern, the Just World hypothesis and also the biological approach. Secondly it will be looked at how being part of a group can effect an

Identify the key features of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT)

619 words - 3 pages then developed “The ABC model”, A – The activating event, B – The belief, views or values the individual holds and C – The emotional/behavioural consequences. The ABC model is used to demonstrate how a person’s emotions/behaviour (c) is the consequence of B and not A. Example; A (Activating event) – Alex and her friend are having a conversation; Alex’s friend makes a remark about Alex been “stupid”. B (Belief) - Alex believes her friend

Characteristics of early childhood friendships-using two texts

798 words - 3 pages his friendship with Cletus by saying, "I suppose he must have liked me somewhat or he wouldn't have been there." This line alone shows how easygoing boys are towards one another. To conclude, William Maxwell puts it the best in saying, "Boys don't need much of an excuse to get along well together." He sums up an important quality of boyhood friendships by simply saying that they just workBoys find various ways to occupy their time with each

Clearly define at least four key elements of Stanislavsky’s system, and explain how you have used these in your own performance practice. Give d

1080 words - 5 pages could never give her what Rose can give her, drawing on the maternal drive that no matter what, a baby should always be with its birth mother and the birth mother should want to keep their child.. As I have no children, I find this view hard to understand but using emotion memory help me connect by drawing on a personal story I have heard and how this made me feel. A friend of mine was left by his mother when he was just four years old and has

Describe New Zealand’s four waves of migration and explain using specific examples how each migrant group has contributed to New Zealand’s national character

1077 words - 4 pages Cristy Yun ! Describe New Zealand's four waves of migration and explain using specific examples how each migrant group has contributed to New Zealand's national character. ! New Zealand's four waves of migration are the Maori, the Colonial Europeans, Pacific Islanders and Asians. In each of the groups, there has been many positive and negative perceptions they have had on their homeland and New Zealand, which are referred to as push and pull

An Understanding of Various Sources That Explain why Youth Join Gangs

1049 words - 5 pages With many sources that attempt to explain why youth join gangs, studies based on empirical research are optimal to reveal the critical factors. This paper will focus on the key sources that are based on empirical methodologies as the base for comprehending why youth join gangs. The research has a pattern that reveals youth join gangs because of pre-existing delinquency, homophily, and low socio-economic status. One of the critical factors that

Management Economics: Define 'Business cycle'. Explain various phases of business cycle?

1890 words - 8 pages Introduction.The business cycle or economic cycle refers to the ups and downs seen somewhat simultaneously in most parts of an economy. The cycle involves shifts over time between periods of relatively rapid growth of output (recovery and prosperity), alternating with periods of relative stagnation or decline (contraction or recession). These fluctuations are often measured using the real gross domestic product.To call those alternances "cycles

Analysis of Huck in The Adventures of Huck Finn Using Various Literary Devices

1395 words - 6 pages In chapter sixteen of the novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by: Mark Twain the character Huck Finn endures a moral self-confliction with himself over the issue of either respecting his upbringing and turning his friend Jim in or respecting his friendship with Jim and helping him gain his Freedom. Using this plot as a baseline Mark Twain utilizes various literary devices in order to better portray the character of Huck especially in

Evaluatiion of the Surgical Outcome of Degenerative Spondylolisthesis Using Various Methods

2385 words - 10 pages were assessed by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) questionnaire. In surgery we applied distraction force to facilitate slip reduction. All the intra- and postoperative complications were recorded. Paired T test and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for statistical analysis. Results: The mean age of the patients and the mean follow-up period were 58.3± 3.5 years and 31.2±4.8 months, respectively. The mean

Similar Essays

Margaret Hermann's Explaining Foreign Policy Behaviour Using The Personal Characteristics Of Political Leaders

1306 words - 5 pages Margaret Hermann's Explaining Foreign Policy Behaviour Using the Personal Characteristics of Political Leaders Margaret Hermann’s main conclusion in her 1980 article “Explaining Foreign Policy Behaviour Using the Personal Characteristics of Political Leaders”, is that the personal characteristics and orientations of foreign affairs of political leaders are important. However, one needs to be cognizant of the fact that

Characteristics Of Human And Non Human Primates

777 words - 3 pages other family members. For example, chimpanzees learn to make stick tools to stick into holes to get termites to eat. They do this because the mothers never teach them how to do it. All primates have single births. Though humans and non-human primates have many characteristics in common, they also have some things that make them different for one another. Some of the more obvious visual differences is that they are different sizes and

Various Types Of Printers And Their Characteristics

1511 words - 7 pages and each with different characteristics. I had never wondered how does a printer function exactly and what makes each type of printers different from one another. Printers A printer is an output device that produces texts and graphics on a physical medium such as transparency film, posters and various types of paper. Printers are one of the most used peripherals on computers and are usually used to print photos, images, text and store as hard

Explain How Managers Can Use Motivation Theories To Influence The Behaviour Of People In Organizations

6193 words - 25 pages ===================================================================================== Explain how managers can use motivation theories to influence the behaviour of people in organizations.Table of ContentPageIntroduction 4The meaning of motivation 6Theories of motivationThe Need or Content Theories of motivationAbraham Harold Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs 8Douglas Mc Gregor's Theory X and Theory Y 12Frederick Herzberg's Motivator Hygiene Theory