French Revolution Essay

1070 words - 5 pages

In the 18th century King Louis XVI's spendings on the American Revolution practically bankrupt the country which had brought 2 decades of poor cereal harvest, cattle disease, and higher bread prices. Angry peasants showed their desperation by joining groups/clans that were against high taxes, those groups could not provide getting rid of taxes on how they always had riots and looted people homes.

King Louis XVI's controller general (Charles Alexandre de Calonne) came up with an solution to there financial problems which would make the eligible class of people no longer taxed and would tax the wealthy more. To support or help with this act the king summoned the Estates-General a sponsor of the clergy, the meeting was scheduled for May 5th, 1789.

Frances population had changed dramatically since 1614, the percentage of the non-autocracy people was now 98% but still was over voted by the other bodies. Approaching the May 5th meeting the Third Estate started to get across they wanted equal support, they wanted voting by head not status. After all the people wanted the same thing, they gave in they got the voting rights. The Estate-General had got everyone together at once in Versailles. But people started fighting and things turned hostel in between the three orders.

On June 12th, the National assembly continued to meet at Versailles. By this time fear and violence consumed the capital. All though people were enthusiastic about the break down of royal break down, Parisians became panicked as rumors of an impending military coup began to go around. A well known insurgency climaxed on July 14th, when rioters stormed the Bastille fortress in attempt to get gun powder and weapons, this is now a holiday in France called Bastille day celebrating the beginning of the French Revolution and how they are now free. The revolutionary fervor spread across France border to border. Now peasants looted and burned the homes of tax collectors, landlords, and the seigniorial elite just to make a point that they did not like how high taxes are.

On June 17th, "the procedure stalled"(history.com), the Third Estate met alone and properly adopted the name "National Assembly". Three days later they met at a nearby tennis court and took the "Tennis Court Oath", vowing to not disperse until constitutional reform was in order. Within a week the clerical disputes and 47 liberal nobles had joined them. On June 27th, King Louis XVI granted that all three orders to be in the new assembly

The rise up of the agrarian happened quickly which also made the nobles try and flee. The leaving of nobles from the country inspired the National Constitution Assembly to put an end to feudalism on August 4th, 1789 signing the “death certificate of the old order.” As it was called by the historian Georges Lefebvre because it was putting an end to the old ways of order in France or as he put it "death" to them.

On August 4th, the Assembly adopted the Declaration of Rights for man...

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