French Revolution Essay

875 words - 4 pages

Introduction
The French Revolution began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790’s (staff). Just like the American Revolution the French Revolution started with new ideas of enlightenment. French citizens started to uproot everything that was considered normal, things such as absolute monarchy and the feudal system, they wanted to redesign everything (staff). Although a lot of the attempts failed people continued to try to make the change.
The Beginning to a Highly Bloody Battle

In 1786, Louis’s general, Charles Alexandre de Calonne, came up with the idea of a financial reform that included a universal land tax. The privileged classes would not be exempt any longer. In order to gain support for the process and hold of a growing aristocratic revolt, the king called upon the Estates-General, which was an assembly that represented France’s clergy, nobility and middle class people, it was the first time since 1614 that they had been called upon (Staff). The meeting would be held on May 5, 1789, in the meantime, the delegates of all three estates compiled lists of grievances to present to the king.

The population of France had changed quite a bit since 1614. The people that were not aristocratic members of the Third Estate represented ninety-eight percent of the people, but still were able to be outvoted by the other two bodies. Leading up to the meeting on May 5th, the Third Estate started to mobilize for support for equal representation and the abolishment of the noble veto, in other words, they wanted voting by head not by the status. All the orders shared common desires for fiscal and judicial reform as well as more representation in the form of government, the nobles started to get upset that they would be giving up their privileges they had enjoyed under the normal system.
The hostility between the three orders erupted by the time the Estates-General met at Versailles. The original purpose for the meeting had been lost. On June 17th, the Third Estate met alone and formally adopted the title of the National Assembly. Three days later, they met again in a nearby indoor tennis court and took the “Tennis Court Oath” promising not to break apart until the constitutional reform had been achieved (Staff). Although within a week, most of the deputies and forty-seven nobles had joined them. On June 27 Louis madly took in all three of the orders into the new assembly.
The Revolution Begins on the Streets
June 12, the National Assembly, also known as the National Constituent Assembly while still in construction that is, resumed meeting at Versailles. Throughout the capital fear and violence consumed the people. Parisians, although being enthusiastic about the...

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