French Revolution By: Tan Ly Essay

1945 words - 8 pages

What impact did the American Revolution have on Europe? The American Revolution, had a great impact on the Europeans. The citizens of Europe could daily read about the happenings of the American Revolution in newspapers, books, and magazines. The revolution embedded a hope for change into the minds of Europeans. Europeans believed that if the American government could be turned around through the will of the people, then the same should be possible for Europe. The Revolution also proved that liberal political ideas were no longer only ideas, but could become reality. Through the changes that were made in America, the principles of the Enlightenment were confirmed and gave Europeans hope for a new age and an overall better world.Explain the political grievances of the peasants, wage earners, bourgeoisie, and nobility. The cahier de doleances, were statements of local grievances. Each of the three classes of France had different grievances, and these grievances would promote a regular constitutional government. The Third Estate, made up of peasants, wage earners, and bourgeoisie, demanded that voting should be by head. Another interest, or grievance, of the Third Estate was their claim that aristocrats were plotting to destroy the Estates-General. The Third Estate used this as a reason to pursue war against the rich. Most First and Second Estate citizens were opposed to voting by head, and instead favored voting by order. The nobility, together with other land holders, disliked what was left of the feudal system and the fees and obligations that came with it. Because each so many parts of society were all upset about different issues, revolution would be hard to avoid.How did the voting conflict in the Estates-General lead to the French Revolution? When the Estates-General opened on May 5, 1789, it was already divided by conflict. The issue in question was the voting method, and whether voting should be by order or by head. Because the government did lead the opening of the Estates-General, the Third Estate had an opportunity to advocate voting by head. But in despite the strong will of the Third Estate the First Estate declared in favor of voting by order. In response to this, the Third Estate constitute itself as the "National Assembly", and they hoped to create a new constitution. Because the Third Estate had no legal right to act as the National Assembly, these actions became the first step in the French Revolution, which would continue for more than ten years.What were the main points of the new constitution? in 1791 the National Assembly finally completed the new constitution. This new constitution founded a limited, constitutional monarchy. But the monarch, or king, did not have very many powers. Most of his ideas and reforms were first subject to review by the newly established Legislative Assembly, which had sovereign power. In the new constitution, there was also a distinction made between active and passive citizens. Active citizens were...

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