French Revolution Reign Of Terror Essay

2548 words - 10 pages

Lawrence Boikov 11 Modern History Ms Berger
The French RevolutionThe Reign of TerrorSource Citations- Images."The Welcoming of a Marquis in Hell"- Hereon referred to as Source A.The image points out the destruction of the nobility, depicting the arrival in Hell of a "marquis" and several other "aristocrats," described in the legend as "conspirators" and "traitors."Source: Museum of the French Revolution L85.772"Abuses to Suppress"- Hereon referred to as Source B.This print depicts the Third Estate-represented by the peasant at the rear of the chariot, the worker leading the horse, and the merchant driving-delivering to the National Assembly a petition listing "abuses" to be remedied.Source: Museum of the French Revolution 88.133"The Radical's Arms. (No God! No Religion!! No King! No Constitution!!)"- Hereon referred to as Source C.From an English periodical of 1819, this antirevolutionary print portrays the sans-culottes as drunkards anxious to destroy by fire, gallows, and guillotine rather than to work for their own good. The image satirizes the idea of sans-culotte simplicity by arranging the two figures and the guillotine as an aristocratic coat of arms.Source: Museum of the French Revolution 93.12Source Citations- Texts.Hereon referred to as Source D1. Immediately after the publication of the present decree, all suspects within the territory of the Republic and still at large, shall be placed in custody.2. The following are deemed suspects:1- those who, by their conduct, associations, comments, or writings have shown themselves partisans of tyranny or federalism and enemies of liberty;2- those who are unable to justify, in the manner prescribed by the decree of 21 March, their means of existence and the performance of their civic duties;3- those to whom certificates of patriotism have been refused;4- civil servants suspended or dismissed from their positions by the National Convention or by its commissioners, and not reinstated, especially those who have been or are to be dismissed by virtue of the decree of 14 August;5- those former nobles, together with husbands, wives, fathers, mothers, sons or daughters, brothers or sisters, and agents of the émigrés, who have not constantly demonstrated their devotion to the Revolution;6- those who have emigrated between 1 July 1789, and the publication of the decree of 30 March (8 April 1792), even though they may have returned to France within the period established by said decree or prior thereto.This law, passed on 17 September 1793, authorized the creation of revolutionary tribunals to try those suspected of treason against the Republic and to punish those convicted with death. This legislation in effect made the penal justice system into the enforcement arm of the revolutionary government, which would now set as its primary responsibility not only the maintenance of public order but also the much more difficult and controversial task of identifying internal enemies of the...

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