This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

French Revolution Reign Of Terror:Causes And Effects

1209 words - 5 pages

The reign of terror, the period in the French revolution when around forty thousand people lost their lives in the name of the revolution was the climax of the French Revolution. The revolution itself was caused by a combination of factors the led to an economic and social crisis that left the French third class little choice but to revolt. There were also more immediate causes of the period of terror such as the downfall of the Girondins and the Sans-culottes taking extreme measures to protect their new republic. The consequences of the period of terror were apparent as soon as the fires of terror had burnt itself out. Many of the very moderates and extremists had been executed leaving the reformers standing on middle ground to eventually form the constitution and build a new republic, this ensured that the revolution had been successful.In the beginning the French Revolution had been more intellectual, fuelled by the ideas of the enlightenment, but towards the period of terror the revolution had increasingly been shaped by more social and economic factors. (Doyle, 1989, p.392) In 1792, three years after the revolution had started life had not gotten any better for much of the population, in fact life for many of the lower classes was worse than ever. The revolution until now had been staged by the middle class and had therefore mainly benefited this group. Starvation throughout the lower classes was rampant due to inflation of food prices, it was this situation that sparked the next phase of the revolution.At this time the National Assembly, (the governing body of France at this time) was under increasing pressure from the rest of Europe to restore the Monarchy. By this time Austria and Prussia had, with the encouragement of Louis XVI already declared war on France. (Thomson, 1990, p.34)The National Assembly who was at this time controlled by the more moderate Girondins had to declare war on Austria and Prussia to maintain their political position. (Hooker, 1996, p.1)Things for the moderate Girondins were getting bad, as the Austrian and Prussian armies invaded France the lower classes revolted and attacked the royal palace. Louis XVI fled and tried to find haven with the Assembly, but the radicals had seized the government and persuaded the Assembly to hand Louis XVI and his family over to be tried for treason. It was around this time that the revolution became bloodier than ever, executions were becoming a more accepted solution to the problems of the revolution , it was at this time that the September massacres occurred. (Doyle, 1989, p.397)The Girondins were held responsible for the affairs so far and power was turned over to the more radical Jacobins. The Jacobins aims were to do away with all social distinction and the monarchy, (Palmer, 1964, p.166) as they rose to power the Jacobins called for a national convention to form a new republic constitution that would do away with the previous constitution that included a monarch. Along with...

Find Another Essay On French Revolution - reign of terror:causes and effects

Reign of Terror was during the French Revolution

1810 words - 7 pages The immediate bloody aftermath , was a product of social, economic, and political forces. The spirit of idealism that gripped France during the early phases of the Revolution gave way to mass paranoia and extremism, culminating in Robespierre's cruel regime. In the beginning of the French Revolution, Enlightenment of the French Revolution, known as the Reign of Terrorphilosophy seemed like a panacea for societal woes. Prominent philosophers like

The french revolution. this essay states the cause, the events, and the effects of the french revolution

537 words - 3 pages at the French border, and brought back. The king's power was reduced greatly and the power in the government was spread out throughout the government. People still disagreed about the how the constitution should be written and were divided into three political parties. For decades there was no official constitution written but people lived in peace. The goal of the revolution was accomplished, peace for all.The goal of the revolution was accomplished for the short term but not to soon after Maximilien Robespierre took control and the reign of napoleon was felt. The effects of the revolution were successful, but only in the sort term.

What were the causes and the effects of the French Revolution?

2271 words - 9 pages The major cause of the French Revolution was the disputes between the different types of social classes in French society. The French Revolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world. The Revolution led to many changes in France, which at the time of the Revolution was the most powerful state in Europe. The Revolution led to the development of new political forces such as democracy and nationalism. It

'The French Revolution: Causes and Effects' by Sakshi Kaushik

1132 words - 5 pages time many people were arrested, several executed and an unknown number died in the prison.In spite of all this the revolution is said to have improved the lives of ordinary people and their struggles re still remembered in the words of the French National Anthem, the 'Marseillaise'.The Reign of Terror ended when the French government was taken over by a popular general named Napoleon Bonaparte who became the most powerful leader in European

This essay talks about the French Revolution. It talks about the causes and effects of the it. It focuses a lot on the king of France during this time

1572 words - 6 pages The French RevolutionThe French Revolution is an important event history. The French Revolution brought about equality between the people of France. The Revolution's motto was "Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité. " This was French for "Liberty, Equality, and Brotherhood. Louis XVI was the ruler during the time of the revolution. He was also known as the "sun god" (The French Revolution). The king was crowned in 1774 at the age of

Causes and Reactions of The French Revolution

1388 words - 6 pages There were many reasons behind the series of uprisings that became the French revolution. The new bourgeois class was demanding social mobility. No matter how much money these middle class citizens had earned, they were still considered members of the third estate, denying them much power and status. As these literate men of wealth tried to emancipate "themselves from the position of clients of the nobility," they "wrote for the great public

French Revolution and Nationalism

1624 words - 7 pages strong sense of nationalism. The French Revolution was the beginning of not only French nationalism, but nationalism across Europe. Based off of Enlightenment thought, the passing of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in 1789 was the beginning for this nationalistic movement. From the Declaration came the Reign of Terror, led by the National Convention. Enlightenment thought and the idea of equal rights were warped and mislead

causes of french revolution

1867 words - 7 pages The French Revolution: Causes, Outcomes, Conflicting InterpretationsCauses of the French Revolution:-1. International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state2. Political conflict: conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the "reform" of thetax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy.3. The Enlightenment: impulse for reform intensifies political conflicts; reinforces traditionalaristocratic

Causes Of French Revolution

3619 words - 14 pages The Causes of the French Revolution.The French revolution overthrew the country?s ancient monarchy, proclaimed Liberty, Equality and Fraternity and fought off a hostile Europe. It ushered in a new age, but at a terrible price in blood and human suffering. There were many causes of the Revolution. The French Revolution appears to have been the outcome of both long term and short term factors, which arose from the social and political conditions

Causes of french Revolution

793 words - 3 pages The event most commonly associated with the beginning of the French Revolution is the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789. Instigated by rumors that the King had begun to organize military forces for a counterattack against government reformers, a crowd of urban Parisians converged upon the Bastille with the intent of staging a preemptive strike against the monarchy. A state prison and military armory, the Bastille had been seen by the

Justification of French Revolution

1772 words - 7 pages that he made poor decisions. One of his poor decisions was to procrastinate on the country’s financial problems. Before the French Revolution, the businesses were failing because the King was heavily taxing the business owners. Because of the taxes, the businesses collapsed. Instead of reducing taxes on the business owners and other citizens, the king decided to tax the rich along with the third estate. This brought more money to the king

Similar Essays

French Revolution Reign Of Terror Essay

2548 words - 10 pages Lawrence Boikov 11 Modern History Ms Berger The French RevolutionThe Reign of TerrorSource Citations- Images."The Welcoming of a Marquis in Hell"- Hereon referred to as Source A.The image points out the destruction of the nobility, depicting the arrival in Hell of a "marquis" and several other "aristocrats," described in the legend as "conspirators" and "traitors."Source: Museum of the French Revolution L85.772"Abuses to Suppress"- Hereon

The Reign Of Terror And The French Revolution

4565 words - 18 pages Massacre, are all words that the French would prefer us not to hear. These events were a subtle dénouement to an climax that was filled with both blood and pain. The Reign of Terror, or the Great Terror, was a massive culmination to the horror of the French Revolution, the gutters flowing with blood as the people of Paris watched with an entertained eye. No matter what the French may claim, if one chooses to open his eyes and read about

Causes And Effects Of The French Revolution

2250 words - 9 pages Revolution? The major cause of the French Revolution was the disputes between the different types of social classes in French society. The French Revolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world. The Revolution led to many changes in France, which at the time of the Revolution, was the most powerful state in Europe. The Revolution led to the development of new political forces such as democracy and

Maxilmilien Robespierre And His Influence On The Reign Of Terror During The French Revolution

1598 words - 6 pages Maxilmilien RobespierreLooking back at the history of the French Revolution, Maxilmilien Robespierre was definitely one of the most controversial figures. From one aspect, he was very virtuous and devoted to fighting for his people. However, judging from another point of view, Robespierre was a ruthless tyrant who took away the lives of thousands and thousands of people. So is Robespierre really a true dedicator to the Revolution or is he a