Geography Of Ecuador Essay

882 words - 4 pages

Ecuador is one of the smaller Andean countries in South America. It is located on the west coast on the equator. The total area of Ecuador is roughly 280,000 square kilometers, and that also includes the Galapagos Islands. Even though Ecuador is small it has four distinct and contrasting regions. The Costa, or coastal plain, grows so many bananas so it’s the world’s most exported fruit. The Sierra, or Andean highlands, offers productive farmland. Oil from the Oriente, jungles east of the Andes, improves the economy. The Galápagos Islands, volcanic islands 960 kilometers west of Ecuador, bring tourism earnings with its unique reptiles, birds, and plants. For a small country Ecuador has a ...view middle of the document...

The Oriente region, also known as the Amazon Region, includes the magnificent Amazon Rainforest. This rainforest is home to many unique species, including the world's largest snake, the 30-foot anaconda, otters that are bigger than an average-sized man, the world's tallest trees, a monkey so small it can sit on your fingertip, an eight pound toad and spiders so big that they are able to eat birds. The Oriente consists of two sub regions the Andean Piedmont and the eastern lowlands. The piedmont (foothills) has a 3,000 meter drop into lowlands, across an altitude of 150 to 300 meters. The eastern lowlands are part of the Amazon Basin. An undulating plain slopes gently eastward and is drained mainly by the Putumayo (which flows along part of the boundary with Colombia), Napo, and Pastaza rivers and their tributaries. This region is covered almost entirely by dense tropical rain forest. Most of it is uninhabited; settlement is confined to the foot of the Andes and to small areas along the banks of the main rivers, where some agriculture is practiced.
Rivers in Ecuador rise in the Sierras and flow east toward the Amazon River. In the coast region mostly rivers are fed by constant rain through December and May. These rivers become dry in the summer or hot seasons. Guayas River, the national river of Ecuador, is presented on its coat of arms. The Guayas River is the most important river in South America that doesn’t flow into the Atlantic Ocean or any of its seas. The Napo River, in the Oriente, is a...

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