Hot Air Balloons Research Paper

1697 words - 7 pages

Hot Air Balloons Brandon Barclay April 24, 2002 Mr. Craft Eng.IV Research Paper Outline Introduction: Part A: Explains the structure of the hot air balloon Part B: A historical background of the hot air balloon.Part C: Goes over some the inventions and experiments done with the hot air balloon.Conclusion: The closing summary of the paper.Never having left the ground except by water, made the thought of air travel even scarier (Norgaard 21). Man being scared would bet the reason why a duck, a sheep, and a rooster, would become known as the first air travelers in history. The duck, the sheep and the rooster would complete the first travel in one of the first hot air balloons in history, and will have done it safely. Though, before any duck, sheep or rooster, people for years had dreamed of sailing the skies. The two Montgolfier Brothers would make this dream become reality. This t reality was taken in by the average, but explored by the rich, the daring, and the modern day inventor (Garrison 13). The main facts and details of ballooning that will be covered are, the structure and make of the hot air balloon, a brief but factual history of the hot air balloon, and the different experiments and inventions done with the hot air balloon. So what makes the hot air balloon a significant is both unknown to many and is quite a interesting topic. The history and information to be explained here all started with a little hot air.The knowledge of how the hot air balloon works and the structure of the hot air balloon is important to know for a better understanding of the history. For example ?Balloons are aerostats (static within the air)-once a balloon is aloft it moves in sync with the air mass in which it afloats? (www.balloonzone.com). In a balloon the balloon will become cooler as it gets higher, making it harder to keep the balloon air warm, in essence making the burner work harder (Garrison 14). The burner is also known as the heart of the balloon and is usually rigged on a rigid brace over the pilot?s head, which is controlled by hand (www.balloonzone.com). Without the envelope the balloon would be nothing. The envelope was the first part of the balloon to go in the air. The envelope made its first flight without the use of a hand burner, or even a gondola. The envelope is the colorful balloon part that is sewn into many patterns, usually geometric designs or custom shapes (www.balloonzone.com). The basket underneath the envelope started at the beginning of time when the Montgolfier brothers suspended a metal cage underneath the balloon to try and make balloon travel possible. For example metal cages were used with the rooster, the duck and the sheep, which will be explained later in detail (Garrison 13). The metal cage idea become to heavy, and wasn?t good for long travel or very durability. So that?s why balloonists created the whickered basket, which are usually referred to as the gondola. Weaved vertically tight for resistance against entanglements...

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