Illiad And The Odyssey Essay

837 words - 3 pages

The Iliad covers a small portion of the whole Trojan War; about three months. It opens the same as most of the Greek epic poems, which is when the poet (in this case Homer) summons the Muses. Homer stated his theme the Achilles' fury and what it caused. This story is centered on Achilles, the most powerful warrior in the Achaian army at the time. It starts with Agamemnon disrespecting Achilles, which causes him to go back to his ships. When Patroklos, Achilles' best friend, goes into battle and is killed is the climax. Hektor's death and Priam, King of Troy and Hektor's father, pleads with Achilles to get Hektors corps back.Chryseis was awarded to Agamemnon and Briseis was awarded to Achilles as war prizes. A plague sent by Apollo to the Achaian army because Chryseis was the daughter of one of Apollo's priests. After they figured out what the problem was Agamemnon still refused to give Chryseis back to her father, unless he was given Briseis as a repayment. Achilles feels like he has been publicly disgraced and leaves to his ships with his men to go home.The Two armies fight. Paris and Menelaos duel and Menelaos bests Paris. Aphrodite intervenes and whisks Paris to his bedroom. Zeus decides that since Menelaos obviously won the war should be over. Hera and Athena protest this because they want Troy to be razed. Athena convinces Pandaros, a Trojan leader, to try and kill Menelaos. He attempts to slay him, but only wounds him. The war is back on.The war continues and they decide to have another duel. Telamonian Aias, a distinguished Achaian warrior, duels Hektor. Neither man is able to outdo the other and they exchange gifts. There is a brief truce in which each side buries their dead. Zeus wants the war to end soon and tells all the gods that any attempt to aid either side will be punished severally.The Achaian army keeps getting pushed back and they decide that without Achilles they are going to be in trouble. They send Telamonian Ajax and Odysseus, who are welcomed with honor, but Agamemnon's offer to return Briseis and other valuables is refused by Achilles.The fighting continues, most of the Achaian leaders are wounded, and the Achaian army push the Trojans back to the city gates, however the Trojans retaliate and...

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