Impact Of The French Revolution On The 19th Century Europe

973 words - 4 pages

Nationalism was a main product of the French Revolution; it had an enormous effect on 19th- century Europe. Nationalism evolved from cultural unity in language, history and territory. Through this common cultural unity, nationalists attempted to create a similar political unity. Nationalism is the belief that an ethnic group has a right to statehood and emphasized collective unity. It emerged from two main ideologies, Romanticism and Liberalism. Romanticism’s intrinsic idea was the assertion of nationalism that became a central theme of Romantic political philosophy and art. Liberalism’s primary concept was the freedom and political influence for the population collectively which would ...view middle of the document...

The unification of Italy and Germany resulted in an uneven balance of power in Europe. A result of the Congress of Vienna was the control of parts of Italy by other empires, Austria controlled northern Italy and the Hapsburg ruled other Italian states and the French Bourbons ruled Naples and Sicily. Between 1820 and 1848 Italian nationalists led a series of revolts and each time Austria sent troops to crush the rebellion. Under Count Camillo Cavour the prime minister and Giuseppe Garibaldi a loyal nationalist, Italy was unified in 1871. The unification of Italy and Germany was only successful because of the influence by the French Revolution and Napoleon. Italy was especially influenced by Napoleon who was recognized with his Italian conquest of 1796, Italians perceived Napoleon and his army as liberators who introduced the ideal of nationalism and liberalism. The defeat and acrid treatment of the French army in German states aroused a strong patriotic feeling among the Germans.
Socialism was also greatly influenced by the French Revolution of 1789 prompted by the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was a period in the 19th- century where major developments in agriculture, mining, manufacturing and technology led to socioeconomic and cultural changes in Europe. It marked a turning point in history as the average population income began to show growth unprecedented in previous years. Not only did the average per capita income increase but the population also escalated with this new boost in income. (Acemoglu, 2006)With this new economy, new ideologies arose about the economy and how to reform it. Socialism encompassed 19th- century political movements that attempted to improve the urban industrial working class. It considered the community more important than the individual, again a sense of nationhood (nationalism) is shown. Socialism questioned the individual’s right to own property, an idea that classical liberalism regarded as a paramount.
In the late 19th- century, a period of colonial expansion called the New Imperialism came about. This period is distinguished by an unprecedented...

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