Jean Louis Kerouac Aka Jack Essay

1746 words - 7 pages

Jean-Louis Kerouac aka Jack was born on March 12th, 1922 in Lowell, Massachusetts to Leo and Gabrielle who were immigrants from Quebec, Canada. Kerouac learned to speak French at home then he learned how to speak English at school. His father owned a print shop and his mother stayed a home. In the summer of 1926 Jack's older brother Gerard died of rheumatic fever at nine years old. The family was overcome by grief and became more involved in church as is shown in some of his books. Jack loved to play sports and read on his free time. He was on the basketball, track, and football team. Even though he wanted to start writing he felt that playing a sport wound help him more in his future. During the great depression his family struggled financially and his father became an alcoholic and gambler while his mother got a job at a local shoe store to provide for her family. In 1936 the family was devastated by the Merrimack River flooding that wiped out there printing shop which only increased his fathers alcohol addiction and the family lived live in poverty, but jack shined in his sports as he was the star running back at his high school Lowell High. With this he obtained a college scholarship. After graduating Lowell in the year 1939 he received his scholarship to Columbia University. But before attending university he went to Horace Mann preparatory school for boys for a year in Brooklyn at the age of 17. (biography.com). During his freshman year at Columbia university he cracked his tibia. He also argued to mush with his coach, Coach Lou Little, who benched him. While being benched jack began writing for the Columbia Daily Spectator student newspaper with sports articles and later joined the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity. As his football career took a turn for the worst Kerouac dropped out but stayed with Edie Parker in New York. In 1942 he joined the marines and in 1943 he then joined the U.S Navy but was only active for 8 days then was put on the sick list. After being examined he was discharged on psychiatric grounds with schizoid personality honorably. Briefly after being discharged Jack wrote his first novel named ‘The sea is my brother’ in 1942 but not published until 2011.in the year 1944 Kerouac witnessed a murder and aiding the murder his friend but after some time they turned themselves and were arrested. Jacks father was unable and unwillingly to pay the bail. Edie parker said she would pay the bail if they were to get married and he agreed but after a year of marriage they divorced. Jack lived with his parents in Queens and here was when he published his first book “The town and the city’. (poemhunter). Kerouac became close to his group of friends who would later become part of he Beat movement. Some of his friends included Lucien Carr and William S. Burroughs. Kerouac began writing professionally in the 1940’s. He wrote a novel named The Town and the City that was his first published book. He struggled to make his own name after...

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