Jean Piaget Essay

842 words - 4 pages

Jean PiagetJean Piaget was born on August 9, 1896 in Neuchatel, Switzerland. As a teen, he disregarded his religion and followed the ?biological explanation of knowledge? (Boeree 1). He studied philosophy, but later developed a strong interest in child psychology after receiving his Doctorate in Science from the University of Neuchatel. Piaget taught philosophy and psychology in Paris. Later, he began to research and administered intelligence tests to young children. He studied how children reasoned, instead of their ?right or wrong? answers on the tests. Shortly afterwards, Jean Piaget married and had three children who quickly became his focus and a part of his research, with the ...view middle of the document...

The second stage of intellectual growth, according to Piaget, is the pre-operational stage. This stage is during the ages of two and seven. Children this age begin unorganized thought processes and see many things at one-dimension (Darley 369). An example of this theory is a child gives human-like characteristics to non-living objects (Engle/Snellgrove 55). Many children this age are still learning basic vocabulary words and are not familiar with sentence structure or the correct word usage. They also do not have enough experience to reach conclusions to small problems of their own, which refers back to their unorganized thought processes.The next stage of Piaget?s theory is the concrete operational period. This period ranges from age seven to eleven and children now use ?logical thinking?. Piaget researches that children can ?judge things the way they are, not what they appear? (Engle/Snellgrove 55). A famous example of this is a child understands that a tall, skinny glass and a short, wide glass can both have an equal amount of water. Children learn to retrace thoughts and correct themselves, seeing other points of view, according to Piaget (Engle/Snellgrove 57). As children develop experiences socially in environments such as school and home, they recognize other opinions and thoughts.The last stage is formal operational, and its involves ages twelve and up. This period, teenagers use ?abstract...

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