Ever thought about gaining more “muscle mass, strength, and resistance to fatigue,” (Agulló-Calatayud 103) but wanted to find an easier way to reach those goals, so instead you choose to try steroids. Steroids though have become a heavily debated argument throughout the world but not many people understand the background of what steroids are, the history of steroids is somewhat unknown, the effects that steroids have had on the Major League Baseball as a whole, and also some certain cases where prolific athletes have managed to derail their careers with steroids.
Steroids...What are these things that many athletes threaten their careers over? According to Steroid.com, however we would have to go back to the year 1931 where “German chemist Adolf Butenandt” would extract androstenone, a hormone found in human urine, then purify the hormone, which gave the breakthrough for steroids for many years to come. Though quickly after, Leopold Ruzicka created a way for the hormone androstenone to be safely used for human use. Thereafter in the year 1939, both Adolf Butenandt and Leopold Ruzicka were awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize in the field of chemistry due to their scientific achievements with steroids.
However, many question what exactly is the makeup of steroids and what effects steroids could potentially have on our human bodies that athletes everywhere have either experimented with or are currently using in their everyday workout regimes. First, steroids are a group of compounded substances “that mimic the effects of the natural male hormone testosterone.” (Agullo-Calatayud) Steroids have a chemical structure of 17-carbon, which means that steroids are given two traits, androgenic and anabolic properties . The androgenic property of steroids give the masculinizing trait from which the body starts to show renewed muscle build. The anabolic property of steroids build protein in the body, so that the steroid is able to then continue working to build muscles throughout the body to satisfy the wants of that specific person. The process of your muscle cells growing due in part to the steroid hormone might sound beneficial at first thought, however there are many possibilities where that growth can also be quite harmful to different aspects of your body male or female.
As for a male, the short term effects that steroids can cause to happen are “reduced sperm count, damage to the heart, impotence,” and a slight difficulty when attempting to urinate. Although many of those effects that steroid users may see short-term aren’t as physically damaging to the person, the long-term effects of using steroids for a male is a possibility of receiving “liver disease or liver cancer, development of breasts, [and] shrinking of the testicles.” (Anabolic Steroids”) Females, in comparison short-term and long term, “only” experience “hirsutism [excessive hair growth], masculinization of the voice and the body, alopecia[hair loss], atrophy[shrinking] of the breasts...