Manufacturing Steering Wheel Essay

1253 words - 6 pages

Steps of Manufacturing The Steering Wheel
Introduction
Steering wheels nowadays are made up of resin covered metallic internal core and an external shell that is made up of different material depending on the manufacturer (George, 2011). In this formula model car steering wheel, the core will be made up of carbon fibre that will be impregnated with polypropylene. The rack housing will be made of 6063-T6 high strength aluminium with the grips being ABS.
Steps Followed in Manufacturing of Steering Wheel
In the present technology, the internal metal core designated 4, is comprised of the external rim 3 and spokes 2 (Karnopp, 2003). The steering wheel parts for formula student are CNC ...view middle of the document...

After joining the half shells together, the coupling teeth rest on one another perfectly.
8. The final step comprise of gluing together the two half shells using a structural glue 17 placed between the coupling teeth 14 and 15. This forms one shell around the steering wheel body.
9. To accommodate the expanding glue 17, two grooves that are diagrammatically opposite are provided.
10. Excess glue is removed, and painting done on the completed steering wheel

Flow Chart of the Manufacturing Process

Diagrams
Steering wheel parts diagram
1. Core
2. Ring portion core
3. Spoke portion core
4. Boss portion core
5. Transparent coating to cover coating 7.
6. Thermoplastic elastomer of olefin coating layer
7. Thermoplastic elastomer of olefin coating ring portion 2
8. Thermoplastic elastomer of olefin coating portion core 3
9. Cavity complementary to protrusion 10
10. Protrusion complementary to cavity 9
11. K
12. A decorative layer
13. A printed layer used to cover coating layer 7
14. Coupling teeth
15. Coupling teeth.
Analysis
Front wheels are used to calculate steering rack forces. A car always looses track as it moves through corners. This phenomenon is known as the restoring moment which acts perpendicularly on the front tyres. To calculate the restoring moment, the moments about the steering axis are summed up. The driver applies a force whose magnitude is determined by the stress created by the restoring moments. Formula cars are designed for auto-crossing hence the steering system will experience varying different conditions. To calculate the restoring moments, Microsoft Excel will be used. It will be determined using vertical, lateral and tractive forces while taking into account the geometry of suspension and steering angle. To analyse the combined loading, the transfer of weight under braking and rolling were included. Steering angle and tractive loads are considered to be significant while analysing forces since normal and tractive forces contribute to <1% of the loading force (George, 2011).
In determining the specific turn speeds and radii while the lateral load and the steer angles are known, the Bicycle Model of a Car is used. This model is accurate hence allowing for the feasibility of the car’s turn condition to be estimated. According to Karnopp, (2003), the following assumptions are to be prepared to simplify the calculations involved and consider all the safety factors.
1. The formula car runs on a smooth track. In such driving conditions, setbacks such as bumps that cause sudden unintended impacts have been removed.
2. The bicycle model of the car already adopted eliminates Ackerman's effect.
3. The formula car is close to 50-50 distributions of...

Find Another Essay On manufacturing steering wheel

Part A Compare and contrast standardization with customization of international marketing strategies. Part B Is one approach better than the other?

1570 words - 6 pages foreign and domestic must follow strictly. Therefore, under this situation, the firms impossibly standardize their goods but should customize their products in order to meet these consumer protection regulations. For example, U. S. A., China, and Russia all force the motor mobile running along the right way. Therefore, international makers must install the steering wheel in the left side of the car. In contrary, Japan and Australia laws only allow

The Influence of the American Automobile

1606 words - 7 pages seatbelts, a shatter resistant windshield, a rear mounted engine, and a third headlight, or “Cyclops Eye”, that turned with the steering wheel. Orders came pouring in by the hundreds of thousands, yet only 51 were ever manufactured. There’s a lot of speculation about why Tucker had failed, some believe (As the 1988 Film Tucker: A Man and His Dream suggests) that the “Big Three” felt threatened by this newcomer and worked together to shut him down

Car Safety

1225 words - 5 pages features cars differ in are if they have AWD (All Wheel Drive) or FWD (Four Wheel Drive). Some safety features are the same, like the central lock, power window, front and side airbags, and a high power engine. Some cars also have unique features, such as special plans, or cars that are good for pets and long car rides. The car manufacturers can see their ratings on the websites and improve their vehicles. It is a chain reaction. When the

History of Snowmobiles

699 words - 3 pages snowmobile.Then in 1922, in a farm region in lower Quebec, a fifteen year oldcombined an engine and some skis, making a snowmobile that was run bytwo people, one steering and another running the engine. His father madehim take it apart, however, but it did not stop him from making more. In1940 he created the first successful commercial snowmobile, it held fivepeople and was powered by a V-8 engine. In 1957 this same man build thefirst Ski-doo

Imaginary made-up car

725 words - 3 pages confusing and unwieldy maps. You may add a marble stick shift, a six-CD changer, and/or a leather-coated steering wheel along with many other interior and exterior items to customize your car. For the luxury-touring package, there is an optional spoiler and nineteen inch Angelic rims. There are two turbo muffler tips and chrome taillights and headlights. There are tinted windows for assured privacy from the gazing eyes and a neon pulse, a

Chrysler ME412- Informative paper

836 words - 3 pages forums to being involved with this incredible project. Approximately 30 people would be involved with the production of the new double-clutch automatically-controlled manual transmission, including design, engineering, manufacturing feasibility, testing, and process. For this team to even make one drivable vehicle in under 18 months is nothing short of phenomenal - especially given the money spent so far, which is about average for a show car by

Study on Bicycle Market of India

5976 words - 24 pages their long skirts and corsets, could take a spin around the park on an adult tricycle. These machines also afforded more dignity to gentlemen such as doctors and clergymen. Many mechanical innovations now associated with the automobile were originally invented for tricycles. Rack and pinion steering, the differential, and band brakes, to name a few!2.5. The High Wheel SafetyImprovements to the design began to be seen, many with the small wheel

US-Japan Automobile Trade Relations

1261 words - 5 pages side, all domestic makers produce right-hand drives. It's simple, the inconvenience of a left-hand drive, at tolls, parking lots or when overtaking another car is too dangerous. Naturally when the Japanese export their cars to the U.S., in each of the 190 versions sold, they provide American drivers with a steering wheel where they expect it; on the left side1. On the other hand U.S. exports have a grand total of 2 models which feature a right

Vanishing Car Fatalities: Reducing Distractions

1939 words - 8 pages . While, manual distraction is when the driver takes a hand off the steering wheel to use a device such as using their right hand to text while driving. Cognitive distraction occurs when the driver is not mentally focusing on the road and is instead daydreaming. Distracted drivers are a large part of why car accidents are still occurring at high numbers throughout the U.S. today (Kiesbye 43). Another reason why car fatalities are so high is because

Suzuki Marketing Report

2963 words - 12 pages road presence and class-defining ride quality. New chassis systems allow for the front suspension lower arms, steering, gearbox and rear engine mounting to be attached to a suspension frame. You get lower road noise, and a greater feeling of stability as you sail over our roads with feather-touch ease. There are three variants of Maruti Suzuki Swift :Swift LXiSwift VXiSwift ZXiSwift LXi3 assist grips, 3 spoke urethane steering wheel, antenna, cabin

Evolution of the Automobile Industry and Henry Ford

1482 words - 6 pages tiller for a steering wheel, bicycle tires, a bicycle seat and a bicycle chain to transfer the power of the engine to the wheels. Engine-manufacturing plants did not exist, so Ford's car was constructed entirely by hand, with common parts recycled into new uses. A house doorbell was the horn. The two cylinders were made from scrap pipe rescued from an old steam engine, honed and then cut in half (Taub 17-18). An attempt to create one

Similar Essays

Vehicle Drive Train Systems Essay

1861 words - 7 pages . Ford soon followed suit with its larger Taurus, and thus sparked the trend of front wheel drive systems being common among the domestic cars manufactured today. Among car enthusiasts, front wheel drive is often seen as a poor drive system. Since both the power and the steering are both done by the front tires, there is a tendency for a front wheel drive car to lose its ability to steer if the car is either spinning its tires or corners at too

Mountain Bikes Essay

4587 words - 18 pages thedistance between the rear-wheel axle and the center of the bottom bracket, can have very seriousconsequences.Frame GeometryThe basic elements of frame geometry are: A- Height of the seat tube; B- Length of the top tube;C- Seat-tube angle; D- Headset-tube angle; E- Trail, F- Distance between the rear-wheel axle and the bottombracket; G- Distance between the front-wheel axle and the bottom bracket; H- Wheelbase; I- Height of thebottom bracket; J

Active Suspention Sistem Essay

3545 words - 14 pages Steering wheel angle2 Rate of steering wheel rotation3 Vehicle velocityA High pressure pumpB Anti-roll regulatorC ElectrovalveD RegulatorE AccumulatorF Front stabilizer cylinderG Rear stabilizer cylinderH StabilizerI Suspension computerThe main features of the active control suspension system are listed below.PumpA pump that is powered from the engine crankshaft feeds the system with liquid from a pressurized reservoir. The reservoir has a capacity of

Fixing A Car Essay

902 words - 4 pages , Joseph Dixon, Rufus Porter, and William T. James. Amedee Bollee Sr. built advanced steam cars from 1873 to 1883. The “La Mancelle” built in 1878, had a front-mounted engine, shaft drive to the differential, chain drive to the rear wheels, steering wheel on a vertical shaft and driver’s seat behind the engine. The boiler was carried behind the passenger compartment. Fun Fact: In 1871, Dr. J. W. Carhart, a professor of physics at Wisconsin State