Mini Biography On Willam Faulkner Essay

1321 words - 5 pages

Name at birth: William Cuthbert FalknerWilliam Faulkner wrote short stories, plays and novels beginning in the 1920s. He also wrote screenplays for Hollywood, including the 1944 adaptation of Raymond Chandler's The Big Sleep starring Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall. His novels, many of which take place in fictional Yoknapatawpha County, Mississippi, give an almost mythological status to the culture of the southeastern United States. His most famous novels include The Sound and the Fury, As I Lay Dying and The Reivers. In 1950 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature (the co-recipient that year was Bertrand Russell).Extra credit: During World War I, when Faulkner was trying to get into the Royal Air Force in Canada (he was too short for the Americans), he changed the spelling of his name so it would look more English. Faulkner did join the RAF, but never made it overseas.LANGSTON HUGHESHughes published more than three dozen books during his life, beginning with poetry and then expanding into novels, short stories, and plays. He is closely associated with the Harlem Renaissance, the flowering of African-American literature and music in New York City following World War One. Hughes's work often spoke plainly about the lives of ordinary black people, which in later years earned him a reputation as one of the major black voices of the 1900s.Benjamin HarrisonBenjamin Harrison was a Civil War general and a Republican senator from Indiana before defeating incumbent Grover Cleveland in the 1888 presidential election. His presidency was undistinguished, but his family tree was not: Harrison's great-grandfather was a signer of the Declaration of Independence; his grandfather was William Henry Harrison, ninth president of the United States; and his father was a congressman from Ohio. In a try for a second term, Harrison was defeated by Grover Cleveland in a rematch of their 1888 race.John Edgar HooverIn 1913 John Edgar Hoover began working in U. S. government service, first at the Library of Congress, then at the Justice Department. During World War I Hoover worked for the Bureau of Investigation, keeping statistical records of immigrants for the Alien Enemy Bureau. A vigorous anti-communist, Hoover quickly moved up the ranks in the postwar period, and by 1924 was appointed Director of the Bureau of Investigation, later called the Federal Bureau of Investigation (F. B. I.). He held the post for nearly fifty years, his administration lasting from President Coolidge to President Nixon. Hoover had a reputation for hyper vigilance in the face of crime and political subversion, and the F. B. I. grew to become known as incorruptible law officers who kept files on just about everybody, from John Lennon and Martin Luther King, Jr. to Marilyn Monroe and Eldridge Cleaver. Hoover has been a controversial figure since his death, and there has been much speculation about his personal life, family background and dictatorial rule over the Bureau; given his political...

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