Neoconservatism Essay

2892 words - 12 pages

Neoconservatism is a political movement firstly emerged in the 1960s, in the United States of America. They gained much more power after cold war and they were dominant in the world politics (especially foreign policy) nearly 15 years. Their foreign policy was mainly based on three ideas which are the usage of military power as a decisive force of the international relations, interest of the Middle – East and seeing the Global Islam as a enemy of the America.
In order to adress this questionThis paper will analyze George H. W. Bush (1989-1993) and George W. Bush (2001-2009) Middle – East policy during their presidencies. Therefore, paper will investigate the role of the USA in the Gulf ...view middle of the document...

On the other hand many early Neoconservative political figures were disenchanted Democratic politicians and intellectuals, such as Daniel Patrick Moynihan, who served in the Nixon Administration, and Jeane Kirkpatrick who served as President Ronald Reagan's UN Ambassador.
Norman Podhoretz's magazine Commentary of the American Jewish Committee, originally a journal of liberalism, became a major publication for neoconservatives during the 1970s. Commentary published an article by Jeane Kirkpatrick, an early and prototypical neoconservative, albeit not a New Yorker.
How Neo-Conservatives Influenced the Gulf War?
The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), which was named Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) was a war which was supported by a United Nations and its coalition army which was sum up 34 nations and under the leadership of the United States against Iraq because of the Iraq's invasion and occupation of Kuwait.
When we look at the reasons of the war we can easily say that all developed countries and developing countries are depends on the Arab’s petrolium resources. Most of the developed and developing (in addition to them underdeveloped countries) are buying their oil from the Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. We can talk about two main reasons why Iraq occupied Kuwait. The prominent reason was that Iraq was had huge economic loan because of the Iran-Iraq war, which had continued from 1980 to 1988. It led to huge amount of debt to lender countries especially Kuwait.
And the second reason was that Iraq realize that Kuwait and Saudi Arabia were producing highly amount of oil and in addition to this, oil prices were not able to stabilize at a high price. In the year of 1990, when Iraq occupied Kuwait, the main reason was that Kuwait was overproducing oil delibaretly so that Iraq would be unable to keep its territory economically.
In early 1991, United States and other countries realized that Saudi Arabia would be Iraq's next occupation aim. There was a concern that if Iraq invaded both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, the world's oil procurement would be completely in the control of Iraq. The United States was also believed that Iraq had got destructive chemical weapons and so, would be a threat to the Middle East. So, in order to preclude such a situation, United States finally attacked Iraq and eliminated its existence from Kuwait in only a few days, by conducting Operation Desert Storm.Although Desert Storm was promoted and led by the United States, it wasn't the only contributor. Saudi Arabia, who had a empowered interest in the war, ensured the second largest army, followed by the United Kingdom and France.
Consequences of the Gulf War
People: The Gulf War caused a physical and emotional distress to the war veterans. The soldiers who participated in the Gulf War, exhibit some unique characteristics, which are commonly referred to as "Gulf War illness". Chronic fatigue, moodiness, dejection, slumbering quandaries, muscle...

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