Neonatal And Infections Essay

868 words - 4 pages

Neonatal intensive care units are normally thought as a safe place for a neonatal to be, but there are instances where the neonatal develops an infection in their fragile bodies. This paper examines the ways that they could develop infections that harm them. The ANA states, “individuals who become nurses are expected to adhere to the ideals and morals norms of the profession and also to embrace them as a part of what it means to be a nurse.” (Code of Ethics, n.d.). German NICUs participated in a study of very low birth weight infants (VLBW) from 2006-2011 and found that an outbreak of severe neonatal infection occurred within a period of time in the same center in four different patients ...view middle of the document...

The most common microorganisms responsible for late-onset is: Coagulase-negative Staphylococci, S aureus, E coli, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, Candida, Group B Streptococcus, etc (Anderson-Berry, 2014).
With sepsis of a neonate the key to a better prognosis is the early diagnosis and fast treatment, mortality of neonatal sepsis can be as high as 50% if left untreated (Anderson-Berry, 2014). “The National Association of Neonatal Nurses (NANN) enable neonatal nurses to alleviate suffering and protect, promote and restore health to infants and their families,” (Code of Ethics, n.d.).“Low birth weight and gram-negative infection are associated with adverse outcomes,”(Anderson-Berry, 2014). Adverse outcomes can vary from neurodevelopment disabilities, cerebral palsy, meningitis, and death (Anderson-Berry, 2014). Developing neonatal meningitis is responsible for 4% of all neonatal deaths. They have found that if the neonate develops meningitis may acquire hydrocephalus and periventricular leukomalacia. They have to be especially careful when treating the sepsis with aminoglycosides because of the side effects of hearing loss and nephrotoxicity (Anderson-Berry, 2014).
“Bacterial organisms with increased antibiotics resistance have also emerged and have further complicated the management of neonatal sepsis,” (Anderson-Berry, 2014). The Journal of Nursing did a study on the relationship with nursing care and neonatal infection, and “analyze the scientific production with focus on neonatal infection and its relation to nursing care” (Oliveira, 2012). They found in their study that, “ measures of prevention and control involving nursing care in the problem of neonatal infection denote a challenge for professionals involved in care, since newborns are...

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