None Essay

1182 words - 5 pages

There have been many controversies in whether resistance training is safe and effective for pre-adolescents. Pre-adolescent is defined as girls twelve and under and boys thirteen and under.( Falk & Tenenbaum, 1996) Is it possible to obtain strength gains through resistance training programs? This essay will investigate the benefits and consequences that occur through resistance training in children. At the end you should be able to clearly choose a side, based on the research.Traditionally resistance training was considered ineffective and potentially harmful; However, coaches found that if their young athletes used control and progressed gradually their performance increased. This is best exemplified by gymnasts because they repeatedly generate high levels of power outputs and impose heavy loads to their muscles, bones, and connective tissue in the process of learning new skills. (Blimkie & Marion, 1993) There have been many arguments that include strength gains can not be made before puberty, and will harm their growth plates, and may cause other injury. These studies conducted in the 60's and 70's believe this because people associate gains with hypertrophy and children show limited capacity to this. (Blimkie & Marion, 1993) They also believed high training loads would be harmful to normal development of the cardiorespitory system because it could thicken the left ventricle wall therefore decrease cardiovascular capacity. Young athletes with hypertension may experience further elevation of blood pressure from isometric demands of strength training. ( Pediatrics, 2001) Risks for injury and growth related problems result from undue stress imposed in the musculoskeletal system, especially in the sensitivity of joint structures and growth plates of long bones. However, more recent studies have found that strength gains are possible. They found that if you incorporate moderate to high training loads, and if you controlled for effects of growth and motor skill acquisition these gains can be made.They also found that children are equally if not more trainable in relative strength than adolescents and adults; However when you associate absolute strength they are by far less trainable. (Blimkie & Marion, 1993) There were twenty-five studies with a maximum age for girls of twelve and boys thirteen which showed an increase of strength. Nine were sufficiently detailed and controlled to access common magnitudes of effect. The size of effect modified by variables (load, frequency, and intensity). Three studies showed no effect, but the other six studies showed improvements between thirteen and thirty percent of relative strength. The studies that do not show increases are often not published so there is a chance of bias to the public. They found no differences in gender, and the highest gains are at the beginning due to adaptation. (Falk & Tenenbaum, 1996) The program guidelines for preadolescents are pretty much the same throughout the...

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