North Eastern States India Essay

913 words - 4 pages

Introduction:The North-Eastern region of the country is like a miniature India with wide topographical, climatic, economic, social and cultural diversities. In no other part of the country do we find more than a 100 tribes living together, speaking a hundred different tongues and possessing different cultural characteristics, each distinct from one another.No other region of India occupies such a vitally strategic position as the North-East. From the Defence point of view, it is a very sensitive and vulnerable part of the country. We had bitter experiences of foreign attacks and hostile activities on the border in the past and these experiences should be enough to put us on our guard against any possible danger from outside. We must admit that any danger to any area of the North-East is a danger to the whole of India.Issues that hamper national integration:The issues like federation, state autonomy, the complexity of socio-economic-political-cultural dimensions, rule of law, equality, unity etc are the topics of high contestation in the Northeast India. With such complexity of issues and presence of several ethnic groups, the North-Eastern States have been under immense pressure to accommodate the diverse aspirations of various ethnic groups in the domain of socio-economic-cultural-political development that have emerged as important impediments in the effort of social and emotional integration of different communities in the region. The situation of human rights, democracy and good governance cannot be established in the region, unless this problem is seriously addressed and remedial measures are suggested at academic forum.The exodus from North-east proves that India remains fragmented even 65 years after IndependenceThe recent exodus from the country's North-east is a matter of national concern. Several thousand migrants from the hugely diverse region working in Mumbai, Pune, Bangalore and Chennai left for Assam in panic following rumours of an impending attack on them. Certainly, their sense of insecurity drove them back to their homes.The mass exodus can be viewed as a ripple effect of what happened in lower Assam few weeks ago. More than 70 people were killed in ethnic clashes between Bodos and minority immigrants. It led to the mass exodus of affected people to relief camps and neighbouring districts in West Bengal.It is unfortunate that the people of the North-east are yet to be integrated with the rest of the country even more than 65 years after Independence. Backwardness persists in the region despite a separate Central government department tasked with its development.Disintegration in IndiaIndia was partitioned on the basis of religion, so naturally, the Independence we got was fragmented. And more fragmentation is in store because our leaders are corrupt and inefficient. Politicians' interpretation of the word 'secular' is influenced by vote-bank compulsions and depending on how many votes are needed to win a particular election.In...

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