Ocean’s Mysteries: The Sea Cucumber Essay

779 words - 4 pages

Sea cucumbers are fascinating creatures that reside in the deep ocean. These critters help the well-being of humans across the world. Contrary to the popular belief that sea cucumbers are ugly and slimy sea creatures, they are important to the world because of its impact on cancer and tumors. They are currently being tested as cancer and tumor fighting animals and because they are a huge killer these days, the breakthrough of curing cancer and using sea cucumbers as a way to stop tumors could save millions of lives.
One of the most impressive abilities of sea cucumbers is the ability to reproduce sexually and asexually. Asexual reproduction is “reproduction not involving the union of ...view middle of the document...

The rate of death by cancer is rising and it is projected that there will 13.1 million deaths in 2030 (WHO), only about 15 years from now. Researchers at the Robert H. Lurie Cancer Center “investigated the effects of sea cucumber extract on growth inhibition and death in human pancreatic cells.” In the tests, it only took a few minutes for the extract to kill the cells. The rate of people developing pancreatic cancer in a lifetime is 1 in 78 ("Statistics about Pancreatic Cancer?"). Even though the death rate it small now, the rate will increase rapidly in the future.
Many studies show that compounds found in sea cucumbers decrease the growth in cancer cells because it stops growth of blood vessels that they need to spread. Recently, scientists found that the
main component in the creatures that fight cancer is Frondoside A. This key component has the capability to “kill 95% of ER+ breast cancer cells, 95% of liver cancer cells, 90% of melanoma cells, and 85-88% of three different types of lung cancer” (Murdoch, Cindy). While other cancer treatments have many side effects such as nausea, vomiting, fatigue, fertility side effects, anxiety, fear, and depression, Frondoside A doesn't have any. Another advantage to using sea cucumbers is that the average human body only needs a...

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