Origins Of The French Revolution Essay

946 words - 4 pages

There were 3 main causes of the French Revolution: Intellectual, Social and Political. Firstly, "Intellectual" causes of the revolution will be explained. Secondly, "Social" causes will be stated. Lastly, "Political" causes will be described.There were several intellectual causes of the revolution. The idea of liberty was one of the obvious ones. The enlightenment spread the scientific and philosophical thought throughout the 18th century. This thoughts created the idea of liberty. Therefore, citizens became in the need of human rights/natural rights, the sovereignty of the citizens and equal rights for everybody under the law. Besides, the idea of the foundation of republic regarded as ...view middle of the document...

This estate subdivided into three groups: The Bourgeoisie, The Peasants and The Urban Poor of Paris. The Bourgeoisie often purchased land and exploited the peasants. In Third Estate, the most important group was the Bourgeoisie due to their seldom involvement in politics. In addition, The Peasants formed the majority of population. They always paid the most tax of the nation. As mentioned, they also had to pay the tithe, a kind of tax, to the clergy. Their poverty was also intense. Furthermore, the land they farmed was not legally their property. Therefore they wanted to own the land. Besides, The Urban Poor of Paris mostly consisted of artisans, factory workers and journeymen. They were very poor and they less involved in politics. Consequently, "despite the class divisions and tensions outlined here, the Revolution actually began as an aristocratic revolt against the monarchy, but two main groups of poor people did affected the revolution decisively."Beside the estate system, there were also some other social causes for the revolution. In fact, "France suffered the social effects of more and more people crowding into towns, wandering about the countryside, pressing upon limited food supplies and upon a settled economy not flexible enough to make room for them." In addition, the absence of markets and capital, age-old seigneurial system of land tenure, subdivision of land, inefficient farming methods and even the high birthrates caused rural poverty.In addition to these, there were plenty of political causes of the revolution. The first one was the weakening of absolutism that started in the era of Louis 14th and continued in the era of Louis 15th and Louis 16th. They lost their ability to use their absolute power. They also were not interested in the welfare of the citizens. Even Louis 15th and 16th burdened the government...

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