Personality Essay

1852 words - 7 pages

/ 7 BEHAVIOR CHANGE If behavior is regulated by highly specific stimulus variables and contingencies, then both assessment and psychotherapy need to be much less global and far more pinpointed enterprises than they usually have been. It also becomes clear why global estimates of the overall strength or frequency of broad response dispositions, as in trait-state descriptions of people as generally "hostile," "aggressive," "passive-dependent," "neurotic," or "anxious," have turned out to have little utility beyond gross screening. Instead, a more useful type of assessment would have to deal with behavior in relation to specific contingencies and discriminative conditions. For example, it would have to specify for the "hostile" man just when and how he is hostile, and just when he shows more, and when less, of his hostile behavior. In this manner it becomes possible to go beyond mere global characterizations of another person and, instead, to discover the conditions that influence his behavior. Then, if desired, these conditions can be altered so that more advantageous behavior becomes possible for him. Behavior assessments are not intended to assign the individual into a diagnostic category, nor to infer his traits and dynamics, nor to predict his position on a personality dimension or in an unknown situation. Instead, the main purpose of social behavior assessment is to design treatments that most appropriately suit the particular client's objectives As a starting point we must consider the meaning of problematic behavior. Then the remainder of this chapter, and the next one, will examine how the principles discussed in the previous chapter guide the conduct of behavior change and assessment. -193- Questia Media America, Inc. www.questia.com Publication Information: ?h Publication Title: Personality and Assessment ?h Contributors: Walter Mischel - author ?h Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates ?h Place of Publication: Mahwah, NJ ?h Page Number: 193 ?h Publication Year: 1996 / 4 PERSONALITY CORRELATES Even if individuals show less cross-situational consistency in their behavior than has been assumed, numerous relationships do exist of course among a person's response patterns. Correlations frequently occur between a person's behaviors evoked under many different conditions, and therefore responses in any one situation can serve as signs of other things that the individual is likely to do in new circumstances. Personality psychology has studied these relationships extensively since the earliest work on individual differences began at the turn of the century. Research of this kind seeks correlations among an individual's patterns of responses to different standardized eliciting conditions or tests. In this correlational strategy, test batteries are administered and the empirical associations between responses to these tests or stimulus conditions provide indices of how strongly an individual's behavior converges across situations. More recently,...

Find Another Essay On Personality

Personality Essay

669 words - 3 pages Personality is described as the dynamic organization within a person of those psychological systems that decide his or her unique adjustments to his environment. In short, personality is the combined ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with other people (Robbins, Judge, & Vohra, 2012). Personality seems to be a combination of both heredity and environment. In addition, personality seems to be organized into patterns that are to some

Personality Essay

1087 words - 4 pages Personality just like a lot of things in life is kind of solid and may be hard to specify now and again. The most common definition is the comparatively constant features that are lasting and classifiable which implies it distinguishes people from the crowd. Psychologists that analyze personalities attempt to dissect why people behave differently to contrasting situations so much because how one individual behaves shy when they first encounter

personality

1663 words - 7 pages When asked to describe myself in 20 words, I was then given a chance to think about how I viewed myself. Out of the 75 personality traits, I really did try to choose the words that stayed true to my personality, as opposed to choosing flattering words to describe how I am. Honestly, I found myself settling with some traits because I needed to fill my quota of 20 circled words. Some traits fell hand-in-hand, such as candid and truthful, but I

Personality

1472 words - 6 pages           Psychology covers a huge field and one interesting aspect of it is personality. Personality by itself involves various issues. Some aspects are Psychoanalytic, Ego, Biological, Behaviorist, Cognitive, Trait, and Humanistic. Different types of behaviors are amazing to learn about, mainly the behavior therapy, collective behavior, crime and punishment, and Social behavior and peer acceptance in children. I chose Behaviorism over the

Personality Essay

599 words - 3 pages Personality Essay Every human being has a personality that will determine the limits of success. In order to understand what personality is let first define personality. According to the dictionary the definition of personality is the stable difference between people in the social, emotional and motivational characteristics. We use the word personality when describing others and ourselves. Personality can limit or expand option and choices of

Personality Disorders

852 words - 3 pages Every person has a personality, that is a way of thinking, feeling, behaving, and relating to others. Most people experience at least some difficulties and problems that result from their personality. The specific point at which those problems justify the diagnosis of a personality disorder is controversial. The definition of Personality Disorders is disorders in which one's personality results in personal distress or significantly impairs

Personality Disorders

1775 words - 7 pages Personality disorders are a group of mental conditions that are characterized by maladaptive patterns of behavior. An individual with a personality disorder will have an unhealthy and rigid pattern of functioning, thinking, and behaving. In addition, he/she has a difficulty perceiving and relating to people and situations. Because of all these, these individuals encounter problems and limitations in dealing with personal issues, relationships

brand personality

1544 words - 6 pages Brand PersonalityBrand Personality (kepribadian brand) adalah sekumpulan asosiasi brand yang terbentuk dan melekat di benak konsumen. Dari pengertian tersebut dapat diketahui bahwa brand personality merupakan sekumpulan asosiasi yang dipersepsikan oleh konsumen terhadap brand tertentu.Pengertian brand personality menurut Gelder (2005: 41):"Brand personality is developed to enhance the appeal of a brand to consumers"1yang artinya, brand

Personality Disorders

5287 words - 21 pages Personality Disorders Personality disorders indicate the presence of chronic rigid and maladjusted personality traits, through which the person's interpersonal or professional functioning is negatively affected, or which lead to personal unhappiness and problems (Louw, 1990). Discuss this statement from a biopsychosocial frame of reference and refer to one personality disorder in any

Personality Types

902 words - 4 pages Learning personality types could be one of the best tools for self-improvement and relationship enhancement. By identifying the personality type, we may be able to extend our strength sides and enhance our weakness sides. Further more, assuming the personality type of your component in a relationship, could help a lot to tighten the relationship by eliminating the disagreement situations and concentrating more on the common shared behaviors

Personality Reflection

807 words - 3 pages Personality Reflection1) How would you define personality? I believe that everyone develops their own personality. As infant we are somewhat selfish because all we know is to eat and want to be changed. As we get older we start developing characteristics (Traits) from the environment around us and we are raised. Also the individuals emotional and behavioral characteristic. Actually defining personality is a board area and can go many ways. Some

Similar Essays

Personality Essay

321 words - 2 pages Personality What is personality? Personality is defined as a ingrained and relatively enduring patterns of thoughts, feeling and behavior. How can anybody be certain how his or her personality is going to turn out. I think people go through many different types an stages of personality throughout life. I think there no way to judge a personality, and that's if you go by what researchers go by. Do researchers gather all the people in the world

Personality Essay

561 words - 2 pages Every person on the face of this earth has a certain personality. But not so certain that every person has a unique personality. Personalities can be broken down into groups ranging from one extreme to the other. Psychologists have helped aid a person in finding what personality type they are by using personality test. Finding one's personality can be very hard when the person does not know whom they really are. To fully understand and analyze

Personality Essay 2381 Words

2381 words - 10 pages Personality "Each person has a unique pattern of thinking, behaving, and expressing his or her feelings" (Coon, 2004, p. 509). Each day we come into contact with so many different and unique people that each possesses distinctive qualities and traits that form their personality. Personality is a wonderful thing as it lets you be as creative and wacky as you want. It is a difference and uniqueness of personality that creates such special bonds

Personality Essay 2390 Words

2390 words - 10 pages An essay about personalities and discussion about personality theorists.Personality ?Each person has a unique pattern of thinking, behaving, and expressing his or her feelings? (Coon, 2004, p. 509). Each day we come into contact with so many different and unique people that each possesses distinctive qualities and traits that form their personality. Personality is a wonderful thing as it lets you be as creative and wacky as you want. It is a