Policing And Crime Essay

855 words - 4 pages

In unit 7 issues regarding policing and crime are discussed. Every town, city and community has to face issues regarding neighborhood safety. Many people base where they settle down upon safety, crime rates and security. Making people feel safe within the community can either bring people into the urban lifestyle or make them repel away.
Article 29 discusses the “broken windows theory.” The broken windows idea came from the idea that if a window in a building or a home is broken and is left unrepaired, all of the rest of the windows will soon be broken. The broken windows theory was tested by Philip Zimbardo who arranged to have an automobile without license plates parked with its hood up on a street in Palo Alto, California and another comparable automobile in the Bronx. The car in Palo Alto remained untouched for nearly a week, but was eventually destroyed by various vandals. The car in the Bronx was vandalized within ten minutes and the car was completely destroyed within twenty four hours. The broken windows test conducted by Zimbardo proves to be correct. This shows that no matter how nice of a neighborhood, or how nice the people around may seem, if a window is left broken the house will be destroyed, or in this case, a car. After the first person makes their move, everyone will eventually join in. In the mid-1970’s they began trying to prevent the broken windows theory. New Jersey announced the idea of the “Safe and Clean Neighborhoods Program.” This program asked police officers to pay closer attention to smaller details, go out into the neighborhoods on foot patrol and make the communities safer. Although the officers did not enjoy the idea of foot patrol and complained saying “it was hard work, it kept them outside on cold, rainy nights, and it reduced their chances for making a ‘good pinch’” it did make the citizens feel much safer.
There are bother positive and negative aspects that surround the broken window strategy. Many agreed that is was productive while others disagreed. Some of the positive aspects were that people within the community began to have more favorable opinions of the police than those living elsewhere. The officers being on foot also prevented many of the smaller crimes such as: graffiti, aggressive panhandling, wandering drunks and others that might be a nuisance to the community. According to article 29 the officers who were once against foot patrol now had “higher morale, greater job satisfaction, and a more favorable attitude toward citizens in their...

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