Optimistic Or Pessimistic Utopia? Essay

962 words - 4 pages

The edges and borders of optimistic and pessimistic worlds clash and cross time and time again in George Orwell's 1984 and Aldous Huxley's Brave New World. Although, at first glance, the two tales of futuristic societies appear as different as black and white, the true modes of government glow in a similar shade of gray. Both books strive for an ultimate goal: stability, even though both societies take different approaches. Mr. Orwell and Mr. Huxley created their stories as a cry to the peoples of the world, cautioning them about the follies of a totalitarian government.In 1984, the Inner Party acted as the highest power although they were below Big Brother. Big Brother played a role of an idea more than he did as a living person. The party loved him and treated him as a deity, but never in the book did he appear. Through the Inner Party, Big Brother laid down laws and punishments. He obtained social control over the people through the use of telescreens, large television like boxes that could not be turned off and allowed the Party to tap into one's home at any time, brainwashing, the sheer threat of the thought police, and sending the children of Party members to schools with curriculum specially designed to mold them into perfect model citizens. With the use of victory gin, Newspeak, and the thought police, the people of Oceania remained in a constant state of stupidity, confused by the constant change of history and overrun by the complicated language created by the Party. By keeping its people stupefied, the Party gained more power to change history."War is Peace Freedom is Slavery Ignorance is Strength" Slapped everywhere, this phrase, so full of contradictions, became possible through the reality of doublethink. Doublethink is the single most potent form of confusion. It allowed the masses to be oppressed and controlled. Through the process of doublethink, a person could take a once truth from the party and a new lie and, by accepting the previous truth as a lie, they could accept the new lie as truth. With doublethink backing them up, the Party allowed the state of Oceania to constantly stay in war. By letting the citizens believe they were battling Eastasia or Eurasia, whichever applied at the time, they accepted the poor living conditions, believing that once they defeated their enemy, things would be better. The Party controlled every aspect of a person with the threat of the thought police. Including sex. Sex, as entertainment, was considered obscene. No member of the party engaged in sex unless they were married, and even then, it was to be used for "the duty to the Party", otherwise known as making a baby. Through its strict control over its citizens, the Party obtains stability."Till at last the child's mind is these suggestions,...

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