Restorative Justice Empowers Victims And Challenges Offenders

1415 words - 6 pages

Criticising the distinction between illness and disease, last studies in medical sociology consider it to be the same with the Cartesian dichotomy body/mind; disease being associated with the body and illness with the mind. On the other hand, this dichotomy reflects the separation between nature and culture, when disease can be understood as a natural phenomenon, while illness it is located on the side of the social and the cultural context. Looking deeper at the concept of disease, Bryan Turner argues that, disease is far from being a neutral organic phenomenon; the disease has also an obvious social and cultural side (B. S. Turner, 2008). This claim is based on the idea that what we call a ...view middle of the document...

Through this concept, the human body is understood as a dynamic process, “refers to one’s lived experience of one’s body as well as one’s experience of life mediated through the body as this is influenced by its physical, psychological, social, political, economic, and cultural environments (M. Nichter 2008:164). In this view, the disease is more than an organic condition as it is highly influencing the experience of the individual in the world (Marcum 2004:316 ) . Any damage to our body involves a distortion of how we perceive the world.
On the other hand, the human body experiences are par excellence socialized experience, bodily sensations and impulses are profoundly shaped in the social, economic and political patterns which determine the construction of certain organic states. This recognition of the involvement of social and cultural aspect led to the awareness of relativism when coming to disease and symptomatology. Even if in a particular context some signs can be seen as an indication of an unhealthy condition, passed to other socio-cultural spaces it might not. Also , same symptom or group of symptoms may indicate multiple conditions, and attaching a diagnosis can be often particularly influenced by cultural perspective on the disease in that area ( Young 1982).
The relationship between body, self and society is one of the key issues addressed in symbolic internationalism. According to this paradigm, "the body, self and society are interrelated the extent that distinctions between they are not only permeable and changeable, but also actively manipulated and configured " ( Wask and Vannini 2006:3 ) . Addressing the issue of the body through the symbolic interactionism approach, Wask and Vannini present in their first chapter “Body / embodiment. Symbolic Interaction and the Sociology of the Body” five distinct but complementary ways, in which the body was conceptualized body within interactionism theories: the body mirror , body drama , phenomenological body , body and socio- semiotic narrative body (Wask and Vannini , 2006:4 ) .
The mirror body highlights the primary role of gaze in establishing human self. In this respect, building self-esteem occurs as a result of a process of intuition, interpretation and internalisation of judgments that we imagine that the other makes in relation to our physical appearance . This process of self- creation by interpreting each other's gaze has a function of "normalizing” . The body is forced to conform to standardized rules.
Chronic diseases or disabilities, body misalignment standards imposed by society may cause a displacement of the vision of the self, causing " tension between body, self and identity " ( Charmaz and Rosenfeld, 2006: 37 ) .Body drama is the process by which the human body is constantly produced , reproduced, performed and presented through a series of regulated social practices and rituals . More than just "having" or "being " a body , people " do" their body; the process of...

Find Another Essay On Restorative justice empowers victims and challenges offenders

Restorative Justice and Reconciliation Essay

1904 words - 8 pages Truth and Reconciliation Commission, or TRC. The TRC was created as a temporary commission whose purpose was to process applications for amnesty and bring restorative justice to the victims of apartheid. Apartheid, a model that had oppressed non-whites and treated them as subhuman, plagued South Africa for nearly half a century. Colonized in the 1600s by both English and Dutch alike, South Africa still remained under the power of the

Suicide Victims and Homicide Offenders Essay

2412 words - 10 pages Suicide victims and homicide offenders require special attention from both the government and the society in order to realize a positive change. Such people affect the moral stability of the society. This means that they must be assisted to eliminate immoralities and encourage the realization of a stable society in the future (Gartner & Macmillan, 1995). The rates of Suicide victims and homicide cases are on the increase in various regions

Violent Females and Restorative Justice

1789 words - 7 pages offenders only being a minority offender group (Bonta, et.al, 1995), there are gaps in research in terms of the effectiveness of restorative justice on their recidivism rates (Latimer et.al, 2005). This research proposal will aim to address the gaps in this research by outlining the theoretical framework that backs the ideology that restorative justice may potentially be more beneficial and have a more positive outcome for females than males

Deterrence, Rational and Restorative Justice Theories

1902 words - 8 pages things right for the victim, and lastly needs of victims for information, validation, vindication, restitution, testimony, safety, and support (White, Haines, and Eisler, 2009). Research has shown that “more studies demonstrate offenders that haven’t reoffended” (Murray, 2010). Restorative justice theory and labeling theory to some extent have correlations between them. Victim-offender mediation and victim-offender reconciliation programs are

RESTORATIVE JUSTICE AND YOUTH REOFFENDING IN THE UNITED KINGDOM

1173 words - 5 pages implications (Marshall 1999). It is a victim centered justice system where the victim plays a part in the outcome of the decision. The main objective of restorative justice includes holding offenders accountable, promote victims voice, teach offenders consequences of their acts and strengthen social bonds. It also includes restoring the victim, offender and the community. The restorative justice model was the dominant form of criminal justice in early

Rights of Victims and Witness within the Military Justice System

2025 words - 8 pages Between 1982 and 1990, the United States Congress enacted a series of laws designed to inform victims and witnesses of crime of their rights and positions in the criminal justice system. The last of the series, the Victims' Rights and Restitution Act of 1990, imposed a duty on departments and agencies of the United States engaged in detecting, investigating, or prosecuting crimes, and incarcerating those convicted, to see that victims are

Roles and Challenges in the Canadian Criminal Justice System

862 words - 4 pages system (Oag-bvg.gc.ca, 2002). These groups refer to youths, women, the poor, ill, aging offenders, victims, Aboriginal people and the wrongfully convicted (Oag-bvg.gc.ca, 2002). The steps the criminal justice system are taking to make a difference in the communities are to create more crime prevention, community safety and restorative justice programs, looking at different perspectives and taking different steps particularly relating to youth

With regard to the role of bail in the criminal investigation process, evaluate how the 2013 NSW bail laws balance the rights of offenders, victims and society.

2070 words - 8 pages Legal StudiesThe role of bail laws Assessment Task 1 With regard to the role of bail in the criminal investigation process, evaluate how the 2013 NSW bail laws balance the rights of offenders, victims and society.In the criminal investigation process laws regarding the role of bail must balance the rights of offenders, victims and society. However, in the past the protection of society and the individual have often come into conflict with each

WHY IS THE NEXUS BETWEEN NATURAL RESOURCES AND ARMED CONFLICT ONE OF THE BIGGEST GLOBAL CHALLENGES? WHAT ARE ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PROMOTION OF PEACE AND JUSTICE?

1245 words - 5 pages Simone María Vogel Global Challenges: Peace and Justices1559516 Dr. Darinka PiqaniWHY IS THE NEXUS BETWEEN NATURAL RESOURCES AND ARMED CONFLICT ONE OF THE BIGGEST GLOBAL CHALLENGES? WHAT ARE ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PROMOTION OF PEACE AND JUSTICE?Once a synonym of economic development and prosperity, natural resources have now become a major instigator of deterioration, economically, politically and/or environmentally, and consequently a

Women are always victims because it is men who determine social organisation." Consider the ways the representation of men and women in "Othello" supports or challenges this assumption

1594 words - 6 pages Women are usually but not always the only victims of the social organisation created by men. In Shakespeare's famous tragic drama, "Othello", numerous characters, both male and female, are represented negatively and through their suffering the audience feels sympathy towards them. Desdemona's rebellion against her family in eloping with Othello, a black army general, results in her untimely death. Emilia, on the other hand, is compliant, to the

Restorative Justice

1722 words - 7 pages , 2007) because it enables victims to meet with the offender and discuss what happened. This thereby requires the offender to be held accountable for the harm they have caused and that their accountability involves understanding and acknowledging the harm and taking steps to make things right (Zehr, 1990). Williams (2004) further argues that restorative justice is intended to represent the ideal that offenders should make good the harm they did to the

Similar Essays

‘Restorative Justice Empowers Victims And Challenges Offenders.’ To What Extent Do You Agree?

2614 words - 11 pages ‘Restorative justice empowers victims and challenges offenders.’ To what extent do you agree? One of the key issues of our contemporary society is that we have to start to be aware that ‘the social relationship’ is one of the main elements of our lives. Society as a whole is a more complex structure, so we must cease to perceive life only in terms of the individual. However, most of our laws continue to believe that only the individual matter

Is Restorative Justice More Appropriate In Dealing With Young Offenders Than Conventional Criminal Justice?

2674 words - 11 pages justice system, Meir’s (2002) proposed that it could in the future form the basis for which the criminal youth justice system operates. Restorative justice system was also brought about to restore social harmony and repair the damages of social conflicts. However the process begins with repairing the harm suffered by victims whilst assisting the reformation of offenders (White & Haynes, 1996). Hudson (2002) advocates that in terms of juvenile

Restorative And Community Justice Essay

1103 words - 4 pages , rather than incarcerating them. This way it gives the offender the opportunity to show their remorse and they learn how they have personally harmed the victim(s) and can then work on making amends to the victim and the community. Restorative justice programs send an intense message to the offenders that criminal behaviour is not acceptable and provides them with the opportunity to make amends with their victims, gain skills, and come back into the

Balanced And Restorative Justice Essay

1102 words - 4 pages juvenile’s chance of becoming an offender. Juvenile offenders, victims, and the community are the primary members involved in the BARJ treatment, but Juvenile justice professionals play a vital role as well. The juvenile justice professionals ensure offenders complete the restorative requirements as outlined by BARJ treatment. The main and most influential restorative requirement of the offender is to build a rapport with the victim. Juvenile