South Africa is a Third World country due to lack of education, unemployment, poverty, diseases, and an unstable government. South Africa is located on the southernmost tip of Africa. The discovery of diamonds and gold in 1867 and 1886 impelled immigration causing suppression of the natives. The British, Afrikaners and Boers together formed the Union of South Africa ruling the country in 1910. In 1915, Afrikaner nationalist formed an all-white government known as “The National Party” which began governing South Africa in 1948. The National Party then established a policy known as apartheid which was a system that formed laws that segregated races causing chaos and turmoil for the black population.
In 1950, “The African National Congress” (ANC) led a movement called the “The Defiance Campaign” initiating the fight against apartheid with the help of “The South African Indian Congress,” “The Coloured People’s Congress,” and “The Congress of Democrats”. According to an article about overcoming apartheid, more than 8,000 trained volunteers went to jail for defying unjust laws, failing to carry issued passes, violating curfews set for the Africans population, and entering off limit locations that were designated for a specific race. These violations carried harsh punishments ranging from expensive fines and up to five years in jail. Although apartheid was meant to form a wedge between blacks and whites, the movement actually ended up bringing the two races together. “The Defiance Campaign’s” goal was never met, the fight did continue. In 1961, South Africa became a republic and eventually was able to conduct free democratic elections. In 1991, Nelson Mandela was elected President of the ANC and in 1994 the ANC finally won the war against the racist government. On May 10, 1994 Nelson Mandela was elected President of South Africa.
While South Africa’s government has made amazing strides towards justice and equality, they still struggle in its attempt to balance out proper healthcare, education and housing across the country. South Africa is now a Middle- Income market that is still growing. It has the 15th largest stock exchange in the world. However, due to population growth, the unemployment rate has reached 25% and because of the country’s budget it is unable to address some economic issues. The apartheid era caused the assimilation of many cultures across South Africa. Yet, indigenous people in South Africa are fighting to preserve their native cultures. They are speaking out against those who continue to violate their human rights and are urging the government to enforce cultural relativism.
As of 2012, the South African government was still failing to acknowledgment Indigenous people in its entirety. According to “The National Labour Organization of the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights,” the constitutional and legislation protection of the rights of indigenous peoples in South Africa: the San and KhoeKhoe ethnic groups are...