Russian Essay

847 words - 3 pages

Russian history can be described as a series of efforts to unite and advance its highly traditional civilization. Plagued by invasions and hindered by its vast distances, lack of communication, and extensive ethnic, religious, and cultural diversity, Russian society was aptly called socially backward. Following its patriarchic heritage, two institutions arose that characterized Russian culture, the autocracy and serfdom. However, its unique society can be seen as the primary impediment to Russia's attempts to modernize during the late 1700's and 1800's. The wishes of the tsars were just incompatible with the cultural heritage that dominated life for the peasant majority. This failure in domestic policy engendered widespread discontent in the educated minority, known as the intelligensia, who would eventually organize the social revolutionary movements that would end the tsarist regimes.Due to its insular and xenophobic ideology, Russian society was excluded from the social movements that progressed European civilization such as the Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment, and Industrial Revolution. As a result of their technological achievements and economic prosperity, the nations of Western Europe flourished as they began to claim spheres of influence in undeveloped countries where wealth was generated by exploiting their markets. Influenced by the accomplishments of Western Europe, Peter the Great yearned for Russia to surpass its western neighbors. During his reign in the 1700's, he encouraged his country's culture to emulate the West, even building a new capital in the western most part of his country and fashioning its architecture after French design. Yet, the Russian populace had no desire for social change, they were seeped in their traditions. Realizing this impasse, Peter tried to achieve his goal through force and repression. He did so by reorganizing the tsarist government and subjugating the nobility to make it serve the state.Years later, Nicholas I realized that Western liberal ideals placed Russian society precariously close to revolution. Russia lacked the socio-political revolutions that had taken place in Western Europe decades before. Fearing another uprising after the attempted revolution of 1825, Nicholas I essentially closed the borders to Europe and tightened his reign over his empire. He also decreed a new ideology for his country, the Official Nationality. This doctrine stressed the significance of the Orthodox Church, autocracy, and Slavic culture as the structure of Russian society. Despite his policies to isolate his country from Western ideals, seen as subversive to the empire, Nicholas' successor, Alexander II began to reform his country using the...

Find Another Essay On Russian

Russian Revolution Essay

1696 words - 7 pages off of the horrible living conditions of Russia by staying in war with Germany and starting a war with Japan in hope that he would lead his country to a victory; both wars were lost, giving Russian citizens more to be upset about. Russia’s Army was extremely weak, made mainly of peasants, and the cost of war was weighing down on the citizens of Russia. In reality, Nicholas II had no aptitude to be a ruler, and proved himself to be politically

Russian Revolution Essay

1608 words - 6 pages The real revolution in Russia did not culminate in 1917 with the establishment of the Soviet state that became known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). It came under the rule of Joseph Stalin in the late 1920's and 1930's. The two successful revolutions of 1917 are referred to by many as the Russian Revolution. The first revolution overthrew the autocratic imperial monarchy. It began with a revolt on February 23 to 27, 1917

Russian Revolution

633 words - 3 pages Russia would never be where it is at today. The failure of Nicholas II to adequately address the economic and social circumstances of the masses led to the transformation of Russian society.After the reign of Alexander III, the economic conditions of Russia spiraled downward. During this time, nearly 70% of the population was poverty stricken. The people of Russia were struggling, living in conditions that those of the medieval times suffered from

Russian Revolution

1017 words - 4 pages The Russian Revolution started on 1917. It was caused by many factors such as the start of World War One that devastated the economy and lead to famine and inflation, the corruption of the government, the ignorance and inefficiency of the Tsar and the unfair distribution of wealth. These grievances caused the abdication of the Tsar and overthrew the government.The first six months was crucial to the survival of the Bolshevik government. The

Russian formalism

1796 words - 7 pages Russian FormalismRussian Formalism is a movement of literary criticism and interpretation that emerged in Russia during the second decade of the twentieth century and remained active until about 1930. It concentrated on analyzing the internal structure of literary texts and involved detailed inquiry into plot structure, narrative perspective, symbolic imagery, and other literary techniques. In other words, it stressed the importance of form and

Russian History

2356 words - 9 pages The Soviet Union has had numerous leaders throughout it’s existence as a country. However, there are a few leaders that will forever be in Russian history books and lectures. Among those leaders who have had the largest influence on the Soviet Union are; Vladimir Lenin, Peter the Great, Alexander Kerensky, and Joseph Stalin to name a few. While all of the leaders are interesting and have influence on Russia, this research paper will

Russian Reveloution

659 words - 3 pages majority, and a Kulak was a wealthy peasant that was part of a collective, when many peasants farmed together large farms. After World War one the Russians had boosted their nationality and had high morale. The armies were enthusiastic to be fighting for Russia. But without enough weapons for everyone, a lot of people died in battles. The monarchy started to crumble, and the citizens lost trust. Lenin was a Russian revolutionary in 1870; he grew up

Russian Diplomacy

1291 words - 5 pages Russia in their war with Austria-Hungry. In the first few weeks, The Russians took Germany and Austria-Hungry by surprise and invaded East Prussia from both the south and the east. Then the Russians were beaten senseless by the Germans at Tannenberg (Poland). In this battle alone, the Russian casualties reached 120,000. The assassination of Czar Nicholas II and his family cleared the way for Lenin to be in Control and take Russia out of the war

Russian Revolution - 2472 words

2472 words - 10 pages general public. The government offered free education to any workers of the plants, although it was hard to keep up with school since the workers were pulling a double shit in the day and spending two hours in class four nights a week. But people were determined to advance in their jobs and achieve more. Throughout the years the Russian industrialists moved a step forward. Illiteracy was going down and people's educations were going up. There

Russian Roulette

1221 words - 5 pages The book Alex Rider Russian roulette was an interesting book. In the first chapter it explains a little village called Estrov and how people live in Estrov. The main character is called Yasha Gregorovich. The first chapter talks about his friends and how he lives. In school he is known as the best student he gets 5 stars every day. His best friend is Leo Tretyakov. He likes to hang out with Leo and do there home work together. Yasha’s parents

Russian Scifi

1440 words - 6 pages most outlandish conspiracy with truth and the truth with illusion.The film's deliberate blurring of reality and fiction in Russian history illuminates a post-Soviet nostalgia for the idealized Soviet past. Throughout the entire film, the characters are set in a framework in which they are always recorded throughout the selection process and during their training, their actions constantly monitored by the NKVD. Their medical examinations are shown

Similar Essays

Russian Culture Essay

1556 words - 6 pages “Russian Culture” When we hear the term Russian culture many Americans tend to have negative thoughts like the cold war, their government ruling with an iron hand, and the Red Scare. These thoughts do not do the justice to the Russian people or to their long history as a people dating back to INSERT DATE. One of the major themes throughout Russian history and this course is the idea that the Russian people value intangible things more than the

Russian History Essay

847 words - 3 pages Russian history can be described as a series of efforts to unite and advance its highly traditional civilization. Plagued by invasions and hindered by its vast distances, lack of communication, and extensive ethnic, religious, and cultural diversity, Russian society was aptly called socially backward. Following its patriarchic heritage, two institutions arose that characterized Russian culture, the autocracy and serfdom. However, its unique

Russian Immigration Essay

1660 words - 7 pages Russian Immigration In the 1990s the United States of America was marked with an incredible surge of immigration from the territories of former Soviet Union. “Liberated” émigrés decided to take a chance, leaving everything they had behind in pursuit of a better life. They brought with them education, numerous skills and talents. Their difficulties, however, including a foreign language, their age and inability to quickly adapt their social

Russian Federation Essay

1051 words - 5 pages Leading up to the Russian Federation the Russians signed a treaty ending the war they were in with Germany. This treaty, the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, made Russia lose large amounts of territory. This treaty also took Russia out of World War I. The Russian empire starts to collapse in 1918. During this same year Russia has a civil war. This war is between the Red army and the White Russians, also known as the anti-communists. The White