Scientific Management Is Outdated And Detrimental

2323 words - 9 pages

Introduction:Scientific management theories, deriving from the early 20th century, have been commonly applied and influential in decades of managerial practices. The kernel of scientific management consists of "Time studies functional, specialized supervisions, standardization of work methods, separate planning function, the use of slide-rules and similar time-saving device and task allocation and large bonus for successful performance". (Singer Edwin James, 1970) It is just the outcome of specific industrial period and specific industrial categories.To some extent scientific management does well fit in with the organizations whose dominant goal is to increase output. But along with the expansion of our business world as well as the advancement and huge transition of its structure, it inevitably results in great doubt for scientific management. Nowadays, markets have become far more global and dynamic, and the business environment turns more and more complicated and competitive. Employers and employees are faced with plenty of new opportunities and challenges. Also, manufacturing and information technology is getting more sophisticated speedily. Scientific management could not be applied to the higher end of the market, as this undermines the actual situation that is expected. Meanwhile, many other factors like the nature of the products and services, the expectations of employees are also questioning about the effectiveness of scientific management. The imperfection and outmoded framework of scientific management will consequently be amended or even give way to some more practical, flexible and comprehensive management principles. In the following parts we will explore why scientific management is outdated and detrimental from three main aspects---business environment, division of labor and job satisfaction.Main body:Business environment:Nowadays much of manufacturing is no longer labor-intensive; and high volume, low variety production has given way to high variety, low volume production. So the techniques of Scientific management, say, high volume and high rate of output, which were once working effectively with mass production can play in a negative way in current business world where companies are striving to optimize and differentiate their products or services.Firstly, today customer's needs are significantly differentiating. We cannot satisfy our customers merely with large quantities of products that have limited variety. Companies have to cater for the specific needs of their customers and produce the products tailored to their very needs, which is undervalued or even neglected by scientific management. Under scientific management, the production line of the products is linear, which seldom takes into account different needs of different customers and the organizations tend to be high volume focused. (See table 1.)Table 1.Table 2.But nowadays the above scattering production line is much more customer appealing. (See table 2.) The...

Find Another Essay On Scientific Management Is Outdated and Detrimental

Scientific Management And Human Relations Movement

3052 words - 12 pages Scientific Management and Human Relations Movement “Getting things done through people”, according to Mary Parker Follet (1941) is management. Management is said to have no fixed definition, but different authorities on management have different views on it. There are many theories on management. The Classical Theory comprising Scientific Management of Taylor, Administrative Management of Fayol, Bureaucratic Organization of Weber. The Neo

Human Relations Movement and Scientific Management

1678 words - 7 pages MANAGEMENT EASSY ONEThis essay will discuss the application of two schools of management thought which are Human Relations Movement and Scientific Management to improve effectiveness at a clothes store in Hong Kong. In particular, the profitably and work efficiency will be considered. This essay is in 3 sections. The first section will provide a briefly description of the clothes store. The second section will talk about the management thought

The Extent to Which the Study of Management is Scientific

3417 words - 14 pages Hawthorne counselling project) more relevant to the problems they face depending on whether their organisation is sufficiently similar to the organisation that was studied. It must also be acknowledged that the nature of work has been gradually changing from large numbers of manufacturing jobs to managerial, professional and service sector jobs, which do not produce tangible output (preventing scientific study of productivity). This suggests that the scientific approach to management study is, to an extent, outdated; and qualitative research on interpersonal relationships is increasingly relevant to modern management study.

‘The increasing application of Scientific Management principles of work organisations to services is, despite its limitations, inevitable and irreversible’. Discuss

1997 words - 8 pages Essay on organisational behavior within companies -'The increasing application of Scientific Management principles of work organisations to services is, despite its limitations, inevitable and irreversible'. Discuss.___________MScAdam Cossey(c)'The increasing application of Scientific Management principles of work organisations to services is, despite its limitations, inevitable and irreversible'. Discuss.I IntroductionFrom the outset of this

Are Scientific Management and Human Relationship approaches still applicable to organisations of the 21st century?

740 words - 3 pages consideration of human relations standpoint introverted , downplayed the impact of factors external conditions . Karl Marx emphasized that the man is the sum total of social relationships (including internal factors and external factors). In the early twentieth century, argued scientific management was born in the United States. Representatives of the main arguments is Frederick Winslow Taylor, who was the scholar of Western management

THE EFFECTS OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT IS A SERIOUS MATTER: WHICH CAN BE DETRIMENTAL TO THE VICTIM’S EMOTIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH, DURING AND AFTER THE INDECENT ACT

1272 words - 5 pages THE EFFECTS OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT IS A SERIOUS MATTER: WHICH CAN BE DETRIMENTAL TO THE VICTIM'S EMOTIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH, DURING AND AFTER THE INDECENT ACT. By Deborah Lindsey-Manning Dr. Jones Human sexuality psych 332 7/27/14 The detrimental effects of Sexual Harassment 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction………………………………………&hellip

"Necessity is the mother of invention". Evaluate this statement in relation to scientific and technological experimentation

4670 words - 19 pages Introduction Rationale This research topic "necessity is the mother of invention. Evaluate this statement in relation to scientific and technological experiment." was chosen for studying in the area of informatics study. However, the research topic was seemed to be in the philosophical term to understand the basic need of technology more than the informatics subject, which deals with creating and developing of computer study. So that this topic

This essay is on the Black plague. It includes Where it started what its scientific name is and so on

724 words - 3 pages The Bubonic Plague is still effecting people today. The scientific name for the Bubonic plague is Bacterium Yersinia Pestis. Bubonic Plague or Bacterium Yersinia Pestis is historically known as the Black death. This disease commonly occurs in the tropics today. Even though people can come down with this disease in the tropics today, It may be most feared for its potential as a biological weapon in modern day. The Soviet Union has

Scientific Management is sadly underestimated as an approach in modern organisational life. Provide a detailed justification of your agreement or disagreement of this statement. (i disagree with it)

1899 words - 8 pages much broader theory is the classical viewpoint, 'a perspective on management emphasising finding ways to manage work and organisations more efficiently' (Management: A Pacific Rim Focus, 2001, p.36). This definition, providing guidelines that are less rigid and restrictive, is perhaps more likely to be accepted into the modern workplace.For the effectiveness of scientific management to be analysed entirely, both the advantages and disadvantages

Management Is Art , Science And Profession

2186 words - 9 pages Q1. "Management is a combination Art, Science & Profession" Explain fully.Management is a concept which cannot be limited to any specific area. It is a part of our day-to-day life. Management is managing oneself. It is a broad term which is a combination of Planning, Organizing, Controlling, Directing and Co-ordinating.As rightly defined by Koontz Management has been defined as the creation and maintenance of internal environment in an

Frederick Taylor's Scientific Management reflects an approach to managing that is no longer appropriate for today’s managers. Critically evaluate this statement, with particular reference to an...

4279 words - 17 pages Frederick Taylor's Scientific Management reflects an approach to managing that is no longer appropriate for today's managers. Critically evaluate this statement, with particular reference to an example from a workplace with which you are familiar INTRODUCTIONManagement is defined as "the process of achieving organizational objectives, within a changing environment, by balancing efficiency, effectiveness and equity, obtaining the most from

Similar Essays

Is Classical Management Theory Outdated And Obsolete?

1831 words - 7 pages efficiency while visionary leadership is more focused on empowering workers. Visionary leadership and classical management theory both aim to motivate and inspire workers; however, the intentions and outcomes are different. One theory is not better than the other especially since most of the time the two theories are intertwined. Classical management theory is not outdated or obsolete; however, visionary leadership should become more interwoven with the

Burracracie And Scientific Management Essay

468 words - 2 pages Currently burccracie is the foundation of the administration of the public sector organizations. While scientific management complements bureccraci, but cannot substitute it.Burracracie and scientific management has been under the test up until the present time.I don't agree with many of the scholars that "Bureaucracy" and the concept of "Scientific Management" are no longer relevent.Buerecracy as a foundation of the administration

Frederik Taylor And Scientific Management Essay

2012 words - 8 pages study the difficulties that mechanistic and bureaucratic organizations might face to encourage organizational learning. Organizations will be analysed and discussed through mechanistic and learning perspectives. There are several key theories and concepts about the mechanistic perspective. One of it is the principle of scientific management by Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915), an industrial engineer from the United States of America. It is

Religion Is Detrimental To Society And The Individual

1768 words - 8 pages culture, discussions of society became more focused on political and scientific meaning and religious attitudes. Providing proof that religion has a detrimental focus on society and the individual because of its conflicting belief with science, conflicting belief with other religions, and its connection with political and economic instability; religion has the ability to unify people and divide nations. Religion is a gateway to eternal salvation