Segregation Vs. Integration Essay

1468 words - 6 pages

Segregation vs. Integration
One of the most significant issues which the United States has dealt with for decades is the issue of racial segregation. In a post-Civil Rights era, there is a common tendency to assume that racism is no longer a pressing social concern in America due to the gradual erosion of whiteness. During the late 1800s and much of the 1900s, segregation had been a controversial and divisive issue throughout the country. This issue stemmed from the separation of African Americans and whites during a period when slavery was recently abolished and Blacks were still looked down upon. This was the era of repressive Jim Crow laws, where strict segregation was mandated and racial segregation was regulated. After the Plessy v. Ferguson case of 1896, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of racial segregation as long as it was “separate but equal.” However, most facilities and services provided to African Americans were inferior and substandard compared to those offered to whites. This led to a massive uproar among the African American community, which paved the way for the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was created which fought for civil rights among African Americans. Although after the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which outlawed any form of discrimination and segregation, the topic of segregation and integration still remains a contentious debate in America. Three writers who have opposing ideas on this topic are Daniel T. Lichter, Michael S. Murray, and Danielle Holley-Walker. Daniel Lichter opposes the idea of integration in his article “Integration or Fragmentation? Racial Diversity and the American Future.” He explains the Third Demographic Transition and writes how integration will lead to the deterioration of the country. Michael S. Murray is also an advocate for segregation as he explains in his article “Segregation and Civic Virtue” that segregation promotes civic virtue as opposed to integration. On the other hand, Danielle Holley-Walker believes in her article “A New Era for Desegregation” that paying attention to desegregation efforts is vital for the success of the nation and equality among its people.
First, Lichter opens his article “Integration or Fragmentation? Racial Diversity
and the American Future “ by explaining how diverse and multicultural America has become throughout the years. There are no longer boundaries between each race and integration within the country has been celebrated. However, Lichter says that this massive shift of demographics and integration among this diverse population is instead a source of growing conflict. Lichter introduces the idea of the “Third Demographic Transition,” which marks the unprecedented transition and changes in America in terms of race. New integration and immigration will drive racial diversity, which he believes will lead to minority fertility and white natural decrease. This will ultimately...

Find Another Essay On Segregation vs. Integration

"Warriors Don't Cry" Essay

2340 words - 9 pages struggle to receive equal education, they are continually harassed and abused by their peers. In the end, only three of the nine students graduate from the white school; a minimal result compared to the struggle put forth. This is one account where it is proven the path through segregation is not an easy one.The struggle through segregation is not solely centered on school integration as presented in Warriors Don't Cry, but it is the starting

Brown v. Board of Education: Another Step Towards Change

1476 words - 6 pages , the Brown vs. Board of Education court incident overturned the opposing court case of Plessy vs. Ferguson that created the issue of segregation and it outlawed segregation in schools. It not only changed schools and students then, but it is still affecting the system of education today. In the first place, segregation was brought on by one single court lawsuit that resulted in the construction of laws requiring states to be segregated. The court

The Fight for Racial Equality In North Carolina

1792 words - 7 pages Plessy vs. Ferguson was a landmark decision passed in 1896 that instituted the practice of 'separate but equal' in American society. The 'separate but equal' doctrine was an oppressive system of racial segregation which greatly lessened the rights of all minorities especially in public education. The fight for educational equality made public schools in North Carolina and other states in the south a major area of conflict. Wilma Peebles

Broannjfrnek

961 words - 4 pages legally ended decades of racial segregation.”(Brown Vs board of Education,2). Brown Vs. Board of Education in America paradigm became a milestone not only in African Americans battle for equality, but all citizens rights. Education played a major influence in the case. African American children often suffered of poor school conditions. Primarily, They had to share seats and books because they were not provided with enough. Classrooms had a capacity

A Look at Desegregation as a Part of a Larger Phenomenon in American History

1000 words - 4 pages in South Carolina schools. A 3 judge panel denied the request in 1951. (Rone, 4) It was not until 1954 and in a place far away from the South that the court case Brown vs. The Board of Education joined several cases from around the U.S. including Briggs vs. Elliott and ultimately outlawed segregation by unanimous vote. Linda Brown from the Brown vs. The Board of Education suit later told in an interview with CBS that she did not understand why

Segregated Children in the United States

2120 words - 9 pages Whites did not like this so they tried to scare them so the schools would not be integrated and lead to the integration in all public facilities. The thought of such integrated towns and cities disgusted the Whites. Segregation in schools did not just affect African American childrens' education it also affected their childhood. As hard as it was for adults to be segregated, it was even harder for the children to deal with it. Segregation gave

Brown v. Board of Education: A Civil Rights Milestone

2440 words - 10 pages “’The Supreme Court decision [on Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas] is the greatest victory for the Negro people since the Emancipation Proclamation,’ Harlem’s Amsterdam News exclaimed. ‘It will alleviate troubles in many other fields.’ The Chicago Defender added, ‘this means the beginning of the end of the dual society in American life and the system…of segregation which supports it.’”      Oliver Brown, father of Linda Brown

Has America Really Changed Since the Civil Rights Movement?

1060 words - 5 pages the racial discrimination and injustices but also the social implications and effects that the integration process had on African Americans. Prior to the segregation of blacks and whites there were the struggles for equality due to slavery that subsequently have carried over for generations. The film stated that segregation is against the bible. Genesis 9:27 is a wonderful example to explain why God is against segregation. The passage involves

Assignment 1

905 words - 4 pages schools in today’s world and if these strategies are realistic or not. To understand resegregation it is necessary to understand segregation, integration and resegregation. These issues are not exclusive to the public schools but prevalent throughout society. In order to address these issues, you must first look at race and ethnicity and understand their direct impact on integration and thus segregation. Race and ethnicity could produce

Linda Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka

1298 words - 5 pages come prepared with flashcards of terms vital to understanding these historical events. These terms would include Plessy vs. Ferguson, Jim Crow Laws, Southern Manifesto, Brown vs. Board of Education, integration, segregation, Earl Warren, Fourteenth Amendment, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Orval Faubus, and The Little Rock Nine. I would assign this homework the night before so that they could come into the lesson with an idea of what these terms mean

Letter from Birmingham Jail, by Martin Luther King Jr.

867 words - 3 pages becomes unjust when it is used to maintain segregation and to deny citizens the First-Amendment….” In this statement, Mr. King indicates the Constitution is an irrelevant piece of paper, because the collection of rules that authority (majority) imposes on the minority by manipulation. He even elaborates on the case in 1954, Plessy vs. Ferguson, which states that ‘separate but equal’ is constitutional. However, economically this paradoxical

Similar Essays

Gifted Segregation Vs. Integration Essay

1508 words - 7 pages U.S. Department of Education, adding specialized classrooms for these children would do far more harm than good both to the financial wellbeing of the department and the social wellbeing of the children. Both the NAGC and the U.S. Department of Education aim for these children to succeed in their education but the solution is neither complete segregation nor integration but rather some of each that is worked daily into a child’s routine. Gifted

Segregation Vs Integration Essay

1731 words - 7 pages Plessey precedent gave the state attorney’s belief that they were act justly in defending a United States Supreme Court precedent. As the case began to unfold within the highest court of the Land the United state supreme court the nine justice Douglas, Black, Burton, Minton Fred M. Vinson Stanley F. Reed Tom C. Clark Felix Frankfurter and Robert H. Jackson had to decide on whether to approve of segregation or to have integration. The justice

Integration And Segregation Essay

781 words - 4 pages In the book “Redefining the Color Line”, the author John A. Kirk gives an in depth look into what life was like for people of Arkansas before and during the integration process. The book also discusses the “Little Rock Nine” and their trials and tribulations leading up and during the integration into Central High School. Kirk has three main points that he wants his readers to understand. The first being how important the black activists

Segregation Or Integration? Society’s Conflict Regarding Disabled Children

906 words - 4 pages Hubbell 1Kristin HubbellRyan ChengENC 1101.11414 October 2011Segregation or Integration? Society's Conflict Regarding Disabled ChildrenSixty five years ago education for all populations was not required in America. Although an emphasis was placed on the so called normal child's education, educators, doctors, and parents did not know what to do when it came to a child whose physical, mental, or emotional state required extra attention. The answer