Skin Cancer The Skin The Skin Is What Makes Up

902 words - 4 pages

Skin Cancer The Skin The skin is what makes up pretty much your whole body. It protects your body from heat, light, Infection and injury. The top layer of your skin is called the epidermis. It contains three types of cells: flat and scaly cells called squamous cells; round cells which are called basal cells; and the cells that give your skin its color which are called melanocytes.What is Skin Cancer Skin cancer is a disease where cancer cells are found in the top layers of the skin. It is the most common of all the cancers around. Skin cancer may be the most common cancer, but is the most curable. Skin cancer is the most commonly found in people with light colored skin who spend a lot of time in the sun.Three types of skin cancer There are three different types of skin cancer; basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Basel cell carcinoma, which develop in the basal, or bottom layer of the epidermis, is the most common type of skin cancer. It usually appears on the skin that has been in the sunlight too long. The second most common type is called squamous cell carcinoma which develops in the upper layers of the epidermis. This type of cancer occur on the skin that has been in the sun too long, such as the nose, forehead, lower and on the hands. Melanoma is the final type of skin cancer. This one is the most serious of all the cancers, the reason behind this is because it affects the cells that give the skin its color.Symptoms of Skin Cancer Skin cancer appears in many different forms. They are: -A small lump on your skin that will be smooth or waxy in appearance.-A flat red spot which can be scaly or crusty.-A firm red lump.-A hard, horny lump that is tender when you touch it.Some other symptoms that happen to moles are: -Changes in size -Shape -Color -Texture -Begins to itch -Becomes tender -Or a new mole develops on your skin Melanoma Melanoma is the disease of the skin where cancer cells are found in the cells that give the skin its color. It usually happens in adults but can be found in young children and adolescents. This disease is sometimes called cutaneous melanoma or malignant melanoma. Melanoma is a more serious type of cancer than the more common types of cancer such as basal cell cancer or squamous cell cancer which are found in these cells. Like most cancers, Melanoma is better treated when it is spotted early. Men will most commonly get this disease on their neck and women get it on their arms and legs.How Skin Cancer is Treated There are three types of treatments that doctor may use to cure skin cancer. The doctor will choose one of these types of treatment according to the...

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