The History, Theory, And Application Of Avogadro's Principle

691 words - 3 pages

Avogadro's PrincipleAccording to Atkins and Jones, Avogadro's Principle states that the "molar volume, Vm, of a substance--any substance, not only a gas, is the volume it occupies per mole of its molecules." This principle is also expressed mathematically in the equation Vm = V/n where V is the volume of a sample and n is the amount, in moles, of molecules the sample contains.Avogadro's principle was developed to respond to the conflicting conclusions of two chemists of the early 1800s: Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and John Dalton. Dalton, founder of the Law of Multiple Proportions and the Law of Definite Proportions, was established in the emerging chemistry field. In 1808, when the terms of atoms and molecules were not clearly identified, Dalton proposed in his publication, New System of Chemical Philosophy, that atoms were the combining units in chemical reactions, and when two elements combined forming a compound, only one atom from each element combined. However, based on experimental evidence gathered working with gasses at the time, Gay-Lussac proposed a theory of combining gas volumes: when two gasses form a unique product, they combine in ratios of whole numbers. For example, combining two volumes of hydrogen gas and one volume of oxygen gas produces two volumes of water. If this reaction had been in accordance with Dalton's theory, only one volume of water would be produced and a volume of hydrogen would be left over. In an effort to protect his own atomic theory, Dalton tried to discredit Gay-Lussac.Reading both of the chemists' works, Avogadro tried to settle the disagreement. In 1811, Avogadro, in his published article, Journal de physique, made the distinction between the atom and molecule, and wrote that Dalton had made the error of equating a molecule with an atom. Avogadro proposed that a gas molecule contains two atoms. Thus, in the creation of water, there were two "atoms" composing of each "molecule." Oxygen and hydrogen gas molecules consisted of two atoms of each element. From these discoveries, Avogadro was able to determine the relative molecular weights of any gases are the same, given the same temperature and pressure. Finally, Avogadro stated that equal volumes of all gasses at the...

Find Another Essay On The History, Theory, and Application of Avogadro's Principle

Motivational Theory and Application Essay

1836 words - 7 pages Motivational Theory and ApplicationThere are as many motivational theories as there are people to motivate. We focus on two dissimilar theories, which initially seem in opposition to each other. Through proper development and application, we see the ability to use both in the merger/acquisition scenario. The anticipated outcome of using both theories is the generation of a new and stronger organization than is possible by choosing one of the

Legal Theory and Application Essay

1169 words - 5 pages , S., Forbes, P., Navalta, C. P., & Saxe, G. (2012). Trauma systems therapy: 15-month outcomes and the importance of effecting environmental change. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 4(6), 624-630. doi:10.1037/a0025192 Faries, D. E., Houston, J. P., Sulcs, E. N., & Swindle, R. W. (2012). A cross-validation of the provisional diagnostic instrument (PDI-4). BioMed Central, 13(1), 104. doi:10.1186/1471-2296-13-104

History and Application of Common Law

1873 words - 7 pages ) which was developed two hundred years after the birth of common law was invented, functions to resolves the difficulty and dispute that common law failed to address [The common Law and Civil Law Traditions, 2010: 3-4]. Court of equity applied a set of principles and maxims of equity in accordance to natural law and Roman law, rather than applying common law that supplement strict rules of common law where their application would operate harshly

Application and History of Magnetic Monopoles

741 words - 3 pages The purpose of this paper is to talk about magnetic monopoles, their history, synthetic monopoles, and their applications. Although natural monopoles have yet to be discovered and we are still testing the development of synthetic monopoles that are far from perfect, monopoles, with their unique properties would bring dramatic changes to our society and would rapidly move up to the next level of technology. Hypothetically speaking, monopoles

Personal application of theory

677 words - 3 pages able to take risk, flexible, optimism, curious in things and lastly have persistence even when things are not going accordingly. Throughout my career life, I was able to take opportunities upon happenstances which lead me into the career and work counselling program. Therefore I believe in the planned happenstance theory because all my career choices was lead by happen chances. In the beginning of 2012, I lost my job and have been searching for a

Archimedes and The Principle of Buoyancy

1787 words - 7 pages raised. Something clicked inside of his head, and he shouted “Eureka,” meaning; “I have found it,” and ran through the streets with excitement naked. Archimedes took the mass of gold equivalent to the crown, and put it in a tub of water, and noticed how much it rose, or displaced. He then took the crown, and put it in the same tub, and noticed the water raised more, proving silver was added to the crown. This went on to be known as the Principle

The Application of Social and Emotional Theory: Moving to a Retirement Village

1699 words - 7 pages Application of Social and Emotional Theory Psychosocial Theory Eric Erickson (1902-1994) was a psychoanalytical theorist who refined the study of personality development across the life stages (School of Arts, Development and Health Education, Massey University, 2012). His psychosocial theory (Newman & Newman, 2007) extended on the work of his mentor, and originating theorist; Sigmund Freud (Berk, 2012). Erickson’s theory divulged that

Management: Theory, Practice, and Application - MGT 330 - The Four Functions of Management

702 words - 3 pages Management plays a key role in the success or failure of a business. An adept manager will utilize the four functions of management, planning, organizing, leading, and controlling to the best of his or her ability. In my position as an executive assistant at Hewlett-Packard, it is vital that I use each of these skills to the best of my ability.The first function of management is planning. In our text, Management: The new Competitive Landscape

The History Of The Atomic Theory and Michael Farrady

569 words - 2 pages . After much deliberation he decided that the converse must be true as well, that magnetism creates electricity. This theory however, took him nine years to prove. Faraday continued his experimentations with electromagnetism. He found that he could make and iron nail into a magnet by placing it inside a coil of wire with current running through it. This was the first electromagnet to be invented. It was not until the 29th of August 1831

The History of Massage Theory

839 words - 4 pages The history of massage therapy can be traced back over 4,000 years varying in several different applications and styles. The word ‘massage’ originates from the Arabic root “mass’h” which means to touch, knead or squeeze. Massage is traced back to the Ancient Chinese, Greek and Roman history and some of the greatest medical historians and physicians of antiquity have recorded their use of massage for therapeutic purposes including the enhancement

The Theory, History, and Development of Magical Realism

3678 words - 15 pages publication of Magical Realism: Theory, History, Community, edited by Lois Parkinson Zamora and Wendy B. Faris. In this book Zamora says, “Magic realism’s most basic concern [ is] – the nature and limits of the knowable. Magic realist texts ask us to look beyond the limits of the knowable” (498). Faris presents some new observations in magical realism as a literary mode in her book Ordinary Enchantments: Magical Realism and the Remystification of

Similar Essays

The Application Of Bourdieu’s Theory To Neoliberal Principles And Practices

1294 words - 6 pages the dominated class. The ruling class can present ideologies into a field that truly only benefits them, yet it is presented as a common interest to the whole group (Bourdieu. 1979: 79). This power can be exercised economically, politically and socially as long as it is legitimized. Application of Bourdieu’s theory to neoliberalism Bourdieu (1979: 80) once said, “The dominant fractions, whose power is based on economic and political capital, seek

The History And Theory Of Magical Realism

1219 words - 5 pages The History and Theory of Magical Realism       Fantasy, Magical, Supernatural, Sublime, and Realism are all several genres of literature that may be familiar to many people. However, there may be one that is not as well-known as these: Magical Realism. Although Magical Realism is mostly common in the Latin American countries, one may wonder where and how Magical Realism got its start. On the other hand, one may simply wonder what some of

Application Of The Theory Of Continuity

694 words - 3 pages In the theoretical part of the work there was an extensive review of the subject literature. Number of aspects of the emulsions’ stability and phenomena associated with phases’ separation (creaming, sedimentation, flocculation, coalescence) were described. The basic issues related to the traffic theory (engineering) were also presented. In the experimental part of the work studies of emulsions’ stability were conducted. Dispersed phases

Theory Of Chronic Sorrow And Nursing Application

1479 words - 6 pages   Theory of Chronic Sorrow and Nursing Application The theory of chronic sorrow is a middle range nursing theory explored largely by Georgene Gaskill Eakes, Mary Lermnann Burke and Maragret A. Hainsworth. The theory provides framework for understanding and working with individuals who have experienced a significant loss of a loved one. As stated by Eakes et al. (1998, p. 179), Chronic sorrow is described as “…the periodic recurrence of