The Causes Of Poverty And Inequality

1866 words - 7 pages

When we often talk about the Global North and the Global South, the 'global north' refers to highly industrialised and wealthy states, most of them which are located in the northern hemisphere, Australia and New Zealand are exceptional. The 'global south' refers to poor states that depend mostly on agricultural and minority on industrialises. These states are located in the Southern Hemisphere and they tend to have brown skins, where as the global north are mostly light skins. There are four major group different between north and south global; politics, technology, wealth and demograhical. It is obvious to all that some countries much poorer than others. How has this come about? Will it change the future?To understand how the Global South countries today are attempting to survive in the world of the powerful of Global North, we need to begin by taking back to the time of the colonialism and imperialism of those territory were conquer by the European. According to Ander Gunder has argued that the colonised world, at the beginning of the colonisation period was much wealthier than the coloniser;"The Europeans did not in any sense 'create' either the world economic system itself nor 'capitalism'. Europe itself was not a first rank power nor an economic core region during the three centuries. The core regions, especially of industrial production, were in China and India; and West Asia and South-east Asia also remain economically more important than Europe...Using GNP estimates by Bairroch, still in 1750 Asia has a GNP of $ 120 billion (in 1960 US dollars) while all the 'West', meaning Europe and the America but also including Russia and Japan, had a GNP before the industrial revolution of only $ 35 billion.The first wave of European used their military power began building their empire through out the world. The merchants followed and quickly increase their business and profit during their government's conquered. "Commercial company were chattered and financed, with military and naval expedition frequently sent out after them to ensure political control of overseas territories"(Charles W: 2002). Some colonised countries were quiet wealthy, however wealth tend to be reduced during colonisation period. Most colonisers concentrated on getting raw material from the colonies but not much developed. The third world was seen as a source of raw material, and they were depending on the sale of these sources. However there was some development in education and infrastructure. The English was considering morally than other coloniser such as; French, Dutch, Portuguese, and Spanish. When the English returned land to its colonise there were something left behind like language, railways...The time between 1600 and 1800 continental Asia absorbed at least 32 thousand of silver from the America via Europe, 3 thousand tons via Manila and 10 thousand tons from Japan. The total at least 43 percent of 116 thousand tons of the world production. (Andre Gunder: 1995). The...

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