The French Revolution Essay

1862 words - 7 pages

The French Revolution


Why was there a French Revolution? This is a
question of continual interests not only to professors
and philosophers, but to everybody who takes an
interests in the history of the world. Genuinely,
therefore, it is also a subject of much contention. The
statement citing the fundamental cause of the French
Revolution as the collision between a powerful rising
Bourgeoisie and an ingrained aristocracy, defending its
privileges it had for centuries, has great relevance in
reiterating the great conflict of 1789. However, it was
the financial debt of the government, and the financial
crisis it caused, which was at root of the actual course
to revolution. Many factors played a role in the
economic decline such as unequal and under taxation,
excessive borrowing, military over expenditures, and the
lavish lifestyle of the Royal Court at Versailles.

France, in the Old Regime, was characterized by
three estates. First, the clergy, numbered only about a
hundred-thirty thousand. Although their number seems

-2-

insignificant to France's population of about
twenty-five million, they had great influences
contradictive to their
numbers. The church had its own administrative body,
vast lands, and court of laws. The church was very
wealthy at
this time. It had a great income from the crops of the
land, donations and gifts from the nobles, and fees for
registrations of birth and deaths.

The second estate consisted of the born nobles, who
owned a great deal of France's vast lands. They
constituted a small portion of the population, only
about three-hundred thousand, but they also held the
bulk of the nations wealth, the King being the
wealthiest in all the land. In addition to their wealth
and power they enjoyed important privileges. They could
hold high positions in civil administration, military,
and diplomatic services. They had the right to
ascendancy on public occasions, the right to exercise
seigniorial rights over most of the lands they did not
own, the right to wear a sword in public, and, most
importantly, the exemption from taxes.

The third estate could have been broken down into
two categories. One was a new middle class that emerged
during the Louis XVI era, called the Bourgeoisie. The
rest of the estate were poor peasants and artisans that
-3-

made up about ninety-six percent of France's entire
population. The Bourgeoisise were highly educated
bankers and investors, or other business elites. They
made their money in refining and processing plants,
finance and insurance, and other advanced industries.

A good share of the nation's debt was due to the
uneven taxation of the estates. The nobles were exempt
from the main direct tax, or taille, as were the clergy.
That meant most of the burden lay on the third estate,
who also possessed the least amount of wealth. The
Bourgeois were wealthy and were able to afford such
...

Find Another Essay On The French Revolution

the french revolution Essay

1218 words - 5 pages 1ForminioJessica ForminioMrs. BrennanGlobal II22 September 2014Causes of the French RevolutionThe French Revolution of 1789 had many long-range causes. Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French, especially those of the third estate. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views of government and society. The American Revolution also influenced the coming of the

The French Revolution Essay

764 words - 3 pages The French Revolution The French Revolution last from 1789 to 1799. This war had many causes that began the revolution. Its causes ranged from the American Revolution, the economic crisis in France, social injustices to the immediate causes like the fall of Bastille, the Convening of he Estate-General, and the Great Fear. As a result of this revolution there many effects , immediate and long term. The immediate effects were the declaration

The French Revolution

1529 words - 6 pages The French Revolution This essay intends to draw on the much similarity between the French Revolution and the age of antiquity, more specific Ancient Greece. We shall compare dominant figures of both the French Revolution and Ancient Greece by using examples from writings from both ancient literature and contemporary and giving direct examples to support the ideas in this essay. Furthermore, this essay will discuss how

The French Revolution

922 words - 4 pages What caused the French Revolution? Many things contributed to it evolving. But only three were the most important. The influence dates back all the way to the Age of Enlightenment, the ideas definitely had an effect on the French citizens. The American Revolution ties with the Enlightenment as well. The political inequality of the three estates played a huge part in the disruption. In addition to that, the Economic inequality also influenced

The French Revolution - 1656 words

1656 words - 7 pages The French RevolutionThe French Revolution covers a period of time between 1770 – 1814. The French Revolutionaries named that era the Ancient Regime. The Ancient Regime was not what they had gotten rid of, but what they wanted to make. They wanted a break from the old regime, preferably the Monarchy. I will discuss the origins of the French Revolution, Rousseau’s contributions and his ideas of his writing of the Social Contract. I will

The French Revolution - 1350 words

1350 words - 5 pages Taylor SicardGlobal HistoryOctober 25, 2014Mrs. HewsonFrench RevolutionThe French revolution was a period of time when the people found changes that needed to be reformed in their government. The French Revolution began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790's with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. During this period, the French razed and redesigned their country's political landscape uprooting centuries old institutions like absolute monarchy. Like

The French Revolution

2071 words - 8 pages The French Revolution has gone down in history as an inglorious, unfruitful rebellion, but if one were to trace the actions of the Third Estate, however perplexing and malignant, it is easy to see that everything was stemmed from the—then radical—mantra of liberty, equality, and fraternity. A line from Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, says it best “though this be madness, there is method in’t” (9). The French Revolutionists’ fundamental causes for

The French Revolution - 1923 words

1923 words - 8 pages The French Revolution was a civil revolt that broke out in France against the absolute monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church, which lasted from 1789-1799. This resulted in the establishment of France as a republic, democratic government and caused the Roman Catholic Church’s necessity, as well as its power to be questioned. The French Revolution ended the thousand-year rule of the monarchy in France and began when King Louis XVI gathered

The French Revolution - 2041 words

2041 words - 8 pages In the latter years of the eighteenth century, France was an aristocratic bureaucracy, presided over by sovereign monarch Louis XVI. France was ruled under the Ancien Régime; a social and political system established by the French in the early renaissance period of the fifteenth century, until the late eighteenth century where it was violently overturned in the French Revolution. ‘ Under the Ancien Régime the richer a man was, the less he paid

The French Revolution - 652 words

652 words - 3 pages , commoners stormed the Bastille in order to obtain weapons. This officially started the French Revolution and was quickly succeeded by the Great Fear. Peasants robbed aristocrats and burned their homes, leading to an exodus of nobles from France. The National Assembly then established the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen which set up a government system based on equal opportunity, freedom of speech, and representative government

The French Revolution: Napoleon

1270 words - 6 pages The French Revolution was a period of social and political turmoil in France from 1789 to 1799 that greatly affected modern and French history. It marked the decline of powerful monarchies and the rise of democracy, individual rights and nationalism. This revolution came with many consequences because of the strive for power and wealth, but also had many influential leaders attempting to initiate change in the French government and the economy

Similar Essays

The French Revolution Essay 623 Words

623 words - 3 pages The French Revolution, which occurred from 1789 to 1799, was a time where the monarchy was overthrown, a republic was formed, and limits were put on the church. The French Revolution ended with the rule of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1799. The French Revolution created France’s legislative assembly, which is still in place today. Many would argue that the Enlightment was a cause of the French Revolution, but the Enlightment was not one of the main

The French Revolution Essay 1966 Words

1966 words - 8 pages The French Revolution was a civil revolt that broke out in France against the absolute monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church, which lasted from 1789-1799. This resulted in the establishment of France as a republic, democratic government and caused the Roman Catholic Church’s necessity, as well as its power to be questioned. The French Revolution ended the thousand-year rule of the monarchy in France and began when King Louis XVI gathered

The French Revolution Essay 2445 Words

2445 words - 10 pages The French revolution “broke” Europe. The whole world changed once the effects of the revolution spread through Europe. The series of events that followed the revolution because of the revolution shapes the world today. The general population (the 3rd estate) had enough of absolutism. King Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette were unpopular. This resulted from multiple things including England humiliating France in the Seven Years War, rising

The French Revolution Essay 417 Words

417 words - 2 pages The French Revolution The French Revolution was an attempt to take away the absolute power from the king and wealthy landowners. The goal was to create a republic. They did this using several powerful political acts. This revolution was caused mainly because of heavy taxing, and Louis XVI nearly spent all of the government money on the war against England. The first event that really started the revolution was the "Oath of the