The French Revolution Essay

1529 words - 6 pages

The French Revolution

This essay intends to draw on the much similarity between the French
Revolution and the age of antiquity, more specific Ancient Greece. We
shall compare dominant figures of both the French Revolution and
Ancient Greece by using examples from writings from both ancient
literature and contemporary and giving direct examples to support the
ideas in this essay. Furthermore, this essay will discuss how similar
the emergence of democracy in Ancient Greece is to the emergence of it
in the French Revolution.

The French Revolution was the first modern revolution in history. It
is one of the most studied times in history. Many questions are asked
about how, when, and why this great revolution started. This essay
will explain the reasons for it starting by comparing this time of
history to Ancient Greece. First, the essay will outline the
government structure in Ancient Greece before democracy and after
democracy and thereafter the essay will outline some key points in
French Revolution and why it is similar to Ancient Greece.

In Ancient Greece before the Persian Wars, there were three forms of
governments: Oligarchy, tyranny, and monarchy. Oligarchy is a form of
government where a few wealthy people govern over all the others.
Monarchy is a form of government where a king or queen rules by
inheriting that particular title. Finally tyranny is where a tyrant
like modern dictators rule over people illegitimately. Two of these
three types of governments are well explained in Sophocles’ The
Oedipus Cycle. This book contains three plays in which they depict the
shift from monarchy to tyranny and finally democracy after much
turmoil in Thebes.

Democracy did not emerge until 450-500 BCE just after the Persian
Wars. The first city-state that achieved democracy was Athens and
achieved in creating the Athenian Constitution titled Constitution of
Athens. “ It is called a government of people [demokratia] because we
live in consideration of not the few but of the majority” (Thucydides
421 BCE) Thucydides wrote On Justice Power and Human Nature, this book
is a memoir of the authors life as a solider of Athens during the
Peloponnesian Wars. Thucydides like Napoleon was soldier fighting for
the rights of people between the city-states of Athens, Sparta, and
Thebes. At this time Pericle was the ruler of Athens, he was very fair
to his people. During his rule Athens achieved its highest political,
social, and economical height. Moreover, at this time only Athens was
democratic and Sparta has an oligarchy and this is what started the
Peloponnesian Wars in 429 BCE. Athens was going to conquer all the
city-states and spread democracy all over the city-states. However, it
was not to be because Athens’ great leader died and Sparta and
democracy did not emerge right away but it...

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