The French Revolution Essay

623 words - 3 pages

The French Revolution, which occurred from 1789 to 1799, was a time where the monarchy was overthrown, a republic was formed, and limits were put on the church. The French Revolution ended with the rule of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1799. The French Revolution created France’s legislative assembly, which is still in place today. Many would argue that the Enlightment was a cause of the French Revolution, but the Enlightment was not one of the main drivers for the Revolution. The bad living conditions, France’s monarchy, and the involvement in the American Revolution and other wars caused the French Revolution.
The bad living conditions of France and its depressed economy was one of the primary drivers for the French Revolution. The people of France were so poor that they had no shoes to wear and no food to eat. The poverty of France breaks its economy at its root. The economy got so bad that “By December 1788, there was a nationwide revolt against food shortages and rising prices, which continued to spread till the summer of 1789, when there was another bad harvest”(Todd 528). One of these revolts was when Peasant woman began protesting against the monarchy because they could not afford bread. This forced the royal family to leave their prosperous life in the Palace of Versailles and move to Paris. However, the royal family tried to flee to Austria, but they were captured and King Louis XVI was beheaded by the National Convention, ending the Monarchy and creating a republic.
Another motive that drove the French Revolution was the actions of the French Monarchy. “The immediate cause of the French Revolution was the near collapse of government finances. French governmental expenditures continued to grow due to costly wars and royal extravagance”(Spielvogel 528). The monarchy had no money left to support its people because it spent its money on...

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