The French Revolution. Essay

922 words - 4 pages

What caused the French Revolution? Many things contributed to it evolving. But only three were the most important. The influence dates back all the way to the Age of Enlightenment, the ideas definitely had an effect on the French citizens. The American Revolution ties with the Enlightenment as well. The political inequality of the three estates played a huge part in the disruption. In addition to that, the Economic inequality also influenced France. The French Revolution is a big and memorable part of history; yet curiosity of the human mind grabs the attention of it evolving in our world history.One of the most important causes of the French Revolution was the Enlightenment ideas and the American Revolution. Ideas spread widely through the printing press. As historian Albert Mathiez mentions it in Document 4, leadership began to fall to the middle class who was begging to gain knowledge of the ideas of the Enlightenment. The working classes were incapable of staring or controlling the Revolution because they were just beginning to learn to read and write, therefore Mathiez thinks the middle class caused the Revolution. Parts of the Enlightenment ideas were those of Rousseau, Voltaire, and Locke. Rousseau wanted direct democracy. Locke believed that government's power comes from the consent of the people. Rousseau. Voltaire wanted freedom of speech and religious toleration. The ideas of these Enlightenment thinkers based the Constitution of the United States. Another historian, Lord Acton suggested that the ideas of the philosophs were not directly responsible for the outbreak, but the Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson supplied the spark that changed thought into action. He thought that the American example cause the Revolution to break out. However, this wasn't the only thing thought to have cause the French to revolt.Political turbulence contributed to the outbreak as well. In the 1770s the system of feudalism left over from the Middle Ages, the Old Regime remained throughout France, as is stated in the 2nd Document. The people of France were divided into three large social classes called estates. The first estate was mostly the clergy, which was only 1% of the population but owned 10% of the land. They didn't have to pay taxes. The second estate was the nobles, which consisted of 2% people and 35% of the land. They were also excused from taxes. The third estate was the majority and was composed of 97% of the population, and owned only 55% of the land. They third estate was a combination of middle class, peasants, and city workers. This system was clearly unjust because just 3% owned almost half the land. And the third estate was the poorest but paid just about all of the taxes....

Find Another Essay On The French Revolution.

the french revolution Essay

1218 words - 5 pages 1ForminioJessica ForminioMrs. BrennanGlobal II22 September 2014Causes of the French RevolutionThe French Revolution of 1789 had many long-range causes. Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French, especially those of the third estate. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views of government and society. The American Revolution also influenced the coming of the

The French Revolution Essay

764 words - 3 pages The French Revolution The French Revolution last from 1789 to 1799. This war had many causes that began the revolution. Its causes ranged from the American Revolution, the economic crisis in France, social injustices to the immediate causes like the fall of Bastille, the Convening of he Estate-General, and the Great Fear. As a result of this revolution there many effects , immediate and long term. The immediate effects were the declaration

The French Revolution

1529 words - 6 pages The French Revolution This essay intends to draw on the much similarity between the French Revolution and the age of antiquity, more specific Ancient Greece. We shall compare dominant figures of both the French Revolution and Ancient Greece by using examples from writings from both ancient literature and contemporary and giving direct examples to support the ideas in this essay. Furthermore, this essay will discuss how

The French Revolution

1656 words - 7 pages The French RevolutionThe French Revolution covers a period of time between 1770 – 1814. The French Revolutionaries named that era the Ancient Regime. The Ancient Regime was not what they had gotten rid of, but what they wanted to make. They wanted a break from the old regime, preferably the Monarchy. I will discuss the origins of the French Revolution, Rousseau’s contributions and his ideas of his writing of the Social Contract. I will

The French Revolution - 1350 words

1350 words - 5 pages Taylor SicardGlobal HistoryOctober 25, 2014Mrs. HewsonFrench RevolutionThe French revolution was a period of time when the people found changes that needed to be reformed in their government. The French Revolution began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790's with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. During this period, the French razed and redesigned their country's political landscape uprooting centuries old institutions like absolute monarchy. Like

The French Revolution

2071 words - 8 pages The French Revolution has gone down in history as an inglorious, unfruitful rebellion, but if one were to trace the actions of the Third Estate, however perplexing and malignant, it is easy to see that everything was stemmed from the—then radical—mantra of liberty, equality, and fraternity. A line from Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, says it best “though this be madness, there is method in’t” (9). The French Revolutionists’ fundamental causes for

The French Revolution - 1923 words

1923 words - 8 pages The French Revolution was a civil revolt that broke out in France against the absolute monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church, which lasted from 1789-1799. This resulted in the establishment of France as a republic, democratic government and caused the Roman Catholic Church’s necessity, as well as its power to be questioned. The French Revolution ended the thousand-year rule of the monarchy in France and began when King Louis XVI gathered

The French Revolution - 2041 words

2041 words - 8 pages In the latter years of the eighteenth century, France was an aristocratic bureaucracy, presided over by sovereign monarch Louis XVI. France was ruled under the Ancien Régime; a social and political system established by the French in the early renaissance period of the fifteenth century, until the late eighteenth century where it was violently overturned in the French Revolution. ‘ Under the Ancien Régime the richer a man was, the less he paid

The French Revolution - 652 words

652 words - 3 pages , commoners stormed the Bastille in order to obtain weapons. This officially started the French Revolution and was quickly succeeded by the Great Fear. Peasants robbed aristocrats and burned their homes, leading to an exodus of nobles from France. The National Assembly then established the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen which set up a government system based on equal opportunity, freedom of speech, and representative government

The French Revolution: Napoleon

1270 words - 6 pages The French Revolution was a period of social and political turmoil in France from 1789 to 1799 that greatly affected modern and French history. It marked the decline of powerful monarchies and the rise of democracy, individual rights and nationalism. This revolution came with many consequences because of the strive for power and wealth, but also had many influential leaders attempting to initiate change in the French government and the economy

The French Revolution - 989 words

989 words - 4 pages The French Revolution was an unstable, blood-filled time. With 20,000 sent to the guillotine and an equal number to prison, it is not hard to find importance but rather to find meaning. The most crucial thing to look for in the revolution is justification, reasons that excuse or bring significance to the deaths of many. John Locke, a philosophe of the time, may have argued that a leader who does not provide his people with inalienable rights is

Similar Essays

The French Revolution Essay 623 Words

623 words - 3 pages The French Revolution, which occurred from 1789 to 1799, was a time where the monarchy was overthrown, a republic was formed, and limits were put on the church. The French Revolution ended with the rule of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1799. The French Revolution created France’s legislative assembly, which is still in place today. Many would argue that the Enlightment was a cause of the French Revolution, but the Enlightment was not one of the main

The French Revolution Essay 1966 Words

1966 words - 8 pages The French Revolution was a civil revolt that broke out in France against the absolute monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church, which lasted from 1789-1799. This resulted in the establishment of France as a republic, democratic government and caused the Roman Catholic Church’s necessity, as well as its power to be questioned. The French Revolution ended the thousand-year rule of the monarchy in France and began when King Louis XVI gathered

The French Revolution Essay 2445 Words

2445 words - 10 pages The French revolution “broke” Europe. The whole world changed once the effects of the revolution spread through Europe. The series of events that followed the revolution because of the revolution shapes the world today. The general population (the 3rd estate) had enough of absolutism. King Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette were unpopular. This resulted from multiple things including England humiliating France in the Seven Years War, rising

The French Revolution Essay 417 Words

417 words - 2 pages The French Revolution The French Revolution was an attempt to take away the absolute power from the king and wealthy landowners. The goal was to create a republic. They did this using several powerful political acts. This revolution was caused mainly because of heavy taxing, and Louis XVI nearly spent all of the government money on the war against England. The first event that really started the revolution was the "Oath of the