The Growth Of The Modern Church In Australia

901 words - 4 pages

Origins of the Catholic Church in AustraliaThe First Catholics to come to Australia were the Catholics on the first fleet. These people were mostly Irish convicts who were sent out for committing a crime. They were sent here because the jails in England were getting over crowded and they need to find a place for them. Most Catholics that came to Australia spoke Gaelic.In the late 1940's, people started coming from Eastern Europe and later one more refugee's came from southern Europe, northern Europe and Netherlands. This was because of the war that was happening at the time. When the Europeans came, they had different practices, they weren't strict when it came to going to mass on Sundays, and they worshiped different saints and celebrated religious events differently.Catholic practices prior to 1962Prior to 1962, the priest was saying the homily from "pulpit" which is a really high stand at the front, it had a gothic look to it, it was set out in the shape of a cross and had lost of candles, flowers and pictures of Jesus.Prior to 1962, the mass was in Latin. The homily was said on the pulpit, it was more formal such as clothing. Most of the time, the priest would have his back facing towards you, people who were getting married had it done on the lower alter and before communion, they had confession.Benediction was a prayer that was done over a day, this was dedication to the sacred host; Novenas were a number of prayers said over nine days, this was a dedication to Virgin Mary. These could be done publicly or privately. The Rosary was a prayer that was done in one day; it consisted of the Our Father, Hail Mary and Glory To Be.Even fasting was part of the practices before 1962, they weren't aloud to eat meet on Fridays or on Ash Wednesday. It was practiced because people were scared of going against the church.Catholic organizationsSt Vincent De Paul's society was started In France in the 1800's; they helped the poor, provided them with clothing, food advice or cash. It was from Lay men and women.A layman called Frank Duff founded Legion Of Mary in Ireland 1921. They fostered the spiritual life of members while directing them to an active apostolate, which included visiting parishioners. The grail was formed by the women of Europe and came to Australia in mid-1930. They ran courses so women from all over Australia to attempt to embed Christianity into Australian Culture.The Role of the religious and laityThe priests would carry out the mass, they would also provide counselling to students who were in need of comforting, while the nuns ran the schools and taught the students.The laity had...

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